This division is mainly applicable to investigate cause-effect relationships. The dependent variable (outcome) is the variable which attempts to predict. By gathering, it is signified by the letter Y. Crime and recidivism are the concepts of Common dependent variables in criminal justice. The independent variable (predictor) is usually indicated by the letter X that causes, determines, or precedes in time the dependant variable.
It is a characteristic or attribute of an individual which can be observed or measured. (Creswell, 2014) Variables often employed in studies to measure attitudes or behaviour include gender, racism or social issues. There are two types of variables which are independent variables and dependent variables. According to Creswell (2014), independent variables will affect the dependent variables. Independent variables are also called as manipulate variables.
Independent and dependent variables A variable in quantitative research is “a characteristic or attribute of an individual or an organization that can be measured or observed and that varies among the people or organizations being studied” (Creswell, 2009:50). Independent variables are expected to cause influence or affect other (often termed dependent) variables (Creswell, 2009). In this pre-experimental design, L1 (Arabic) writing skill is the independent variable and Saudi EFL L2 English performance is the dependent variable.
2. Items presented in the experimental condition. DEPENDENT VARIABLE The dependent variable (DV) of this experiment is the number of correct responses in the final recall test. CONTROLS DESIGN The experimental design uses here is the repeated measures design because only one participant is exposed to both the levels of the independent
A student is not directly affected by the influence of people around him or her. They stay committed to their personality based on the given fact that they are not conveyed by the decision of others and no matter what the circumstances may arise; they remain truthful in their behavior while choosing. The variable decision is the behavior and the reaction of a student in a given circumstance where he/she will be affected by the external factor (influence) or remain true to his personal growth (interest) while making a selection from the different strands in Senior High School. Many factors will affect the circumstances in decision phase like the lack of confidence of the student to pursue his/her own interest so thereby contemplating on the influence of his/her environment. The mindset of the student to stay committed on his/her desired strand no matter what happens, and also lastly, the perception of the student
First part explains about determination of variable used in the research and its measuring tools. The next part is about research design. Research design is systematic plan to study a scientific problem in order to answers to research question. The last part is methodology process. The process of methodology itself will be described in detail every stages.
Decision variables. In a linear program, the variables are a set of quantities to be determined for solving the problem; i.e., the problem is solved when the best values of the variables have been identified. The variables are sometimes called decision variables because the problem is to decide what value each variable should take. Usually, the variables represent the amount of a resource to use or the level of some activity. For instance, a variable might represent the number of acres to cut from a particular part of the forest during a given period.
For example, an individual would like to know not only whether patients have hypertension, but having hypertension influenced by factors such as weight and age. The dependent variable is the variable to be explained alternatively, while the variable (weight, age) explaining it is the independent or predictor variable. Measures of association give an initial impression of the level of statistical dependence between variables. If the variables are continuous, as in the case for hypertension and weight, then a measure of the strength of the relationship between them can be calculated as correlation coefficient. Regression analysis uses a model that explains the relationships existing between the dependent and the independent variables in a simplified statistical form.
In chapter one, I initially redefined the research objectives and research questions which has been previously established in my research proposal. The most challenging part of the research was choosing the methodology. Which I later did with my knowledge of reading books such as “Research Methods for Business Students” and others on the methods. After gaining sufficient understanding of every aspects of methodology such as approaches, strategy, philosophy and data collection, I was able to move to the next challenge, how to analyse the data which I have collected. I drew from lessons learnt from other academic research.