Factors Of British Imperialism

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During the 18th-century cultural imperialism was arguably one of the most significant factors of British imperialism. Most westerners believed they lived in the best possible world and that they had built an empire on technological advances. This Eurocentric mentality often gave them the confidence to build ports, ways of transportation, communication systems, and schools, as well as improving health care, thereby bringing the benefits of modern science to less developed areas. Social Darwinists argued that Western civilization was the strongest and best and that it was the duty of the West to bring the benefits of its civilization to lesser peoples and cultures. However, disputes led European nations to the brink of war. Britain and France both had plans to build a north-south railway and east-west railway across Africa; although neither railway was ever completed, the two nations almost went to war over control of them in Sudan, where the railways would have intersected. Britain was also eager to control the headwaters of the Nile to protect its interests in Egypt, which was dependent on the Nile waters. Following diplomatic negotiations, the dispute was resolved in favor of the British, and the Sudan became part of the British Empire." Most Africans resisted European takeovers. Muslim leaders, such as the Mahdi. One year earlier, a Sudanese Muslim scholar named Muhammad Ahmad had declared himself to be the mahdi , a millenarian figure who according to popular Sunni

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