The interaction between the people and the environment was the main cause for the start of industrialization. According to Document 4, George WArner describes how England was fortunate enough to be provided with wool, coal, iron, and other materials that were nearby. Since Warner was an Englishman, he viewed the positive effects from obtaining these resources and how it aided Britain into the Industrial Revolution. According to Document 1, it shows an accurate map of the natural resources of England circa 1700. These raw materials were exploited for the benefit of the population because it demonstrated how these resources speak quickly and rapidly in England.
There was development in coal industry in the 19th century. There was growth in cotton industry as well. All these factors contributed to the economic growth in Britain. The agriculture revolution in England too acted as a catalyst to industrial revolution. Agriculture revolution brought in new farming techniques, production of cash crops and raw materials for industries and new farm machineries.
The Industrial Revolution’s birth in England was due to: its Geography, the Agricultural Revolution, and the political stability. The first factor that contributed to the Industrial Revolution was England’s geography. “England...has been fortunate in processing the natural condition necessary for success””her harbors are plentiful, that she is not ill-off for rivers, and that no part of the country is farther than seventy miles from the sea”(doc 4). The rivers and abundant natural resources had a big role to play in the increasing demand for new technologies. Water and coal were very abundant and were used to power machines and factories.
“Other European countries lagged far behind. Their bourgeoisie lacked the wealth, power, and opportunities of their British, French, and Belgian counterparts. Political conditions in the other nations also hindered industrial expansion”(Industrial Revolution). Even though Britain had a great market supply and was politically stable, its raw materials drove its success. Britain’s wealth was created because of its trade ports and surplus of raw materials such as coal and iron.
In conclusion, the Industrial Revolution helped Europe expand, gain power, and maintain profitability. First the Europeans focused on resources and more control to expand. Then they started improving their weapons and increasing their coal and textile productivity. Next, Europe needed to maintain control. So they made things more affordable for their people.
Mass production became a big theme during this time, which allowed prices to lower on several goods. Trade with other countries, also helped these businesses. For Britain where the Industrial Revolution seemed to hit first, trade really benefited them. Since they had the largest ship fleet, they could trade with the Americas very easily and in high quantity. Those countries relied on Britain for trade as well as others in
For instance, farm production, which was once done manually by hand and produced with the aim of feeding the immediate family, became commercialised. The invention of new machines such as tractors and threshing machines resulted in bigger harvests and the sale of agricultural produce for profit. The development of steam-powered machines and the popularisation of the production line in factories during this period led to more products manufactured in greater amounts for sale, steering up the cycle of demand and supply for the rapidly increasing population. It is therefore evident that the Industrial Revolution was a pivotal turning point in human history as it led to massive changes in the economy and the traditional way of living life for a great
The Industrial Revolution Progress in technology and economy led to big changes in society during the industrialization. The industrial revolution started in Britain at the end of 17th century, and caused increasing population, wealth and power. How was the working conditions for, people and children? How was the living conditions for the less wealthy? What caused the urbanization?
There will also follow a short discussion on what accountants were responsible for in Europe during the Industrial Revolution. The Global Economic History – a very short introduction will be used to answer the statements mentioned above. 2. The Industrial Revolution The largest factor that caused the Industrial Revolution was technological change. New and better machines were invented, like the steam engine and cotton weaving machines, and new processes were introduced, like melting and reforming steel or iron by burning coal and not wood.
With new inventions in transportation, textile, and agriculture Britain changed rapidly during the Industrial Revolution. Before the Industrial Revolution began people would manufacture goods in their own houses, with the employers supplying the materials needed and much of the work had to be done by hand. However, during the Industrial Revolution, many advancements were made in several areas of work, which meant machines now did the majority of the labour. Although many wonderful inventions were made, poor people’s lives became harder and the work became very dangerous. Beginning in 1700 and continuing on till 1850, the Industrial Revolution brought both joys and sorrows to the people of Britain.