Transitional Statement – All of these complication and effects would make any parent try their best to carry out a full term pregnancy, unfortunately, the cause for preterm labors are often unknown. However, there are some things that increases the chance of preterm labor. III. What causes preterm labor? A.
Many mother-related factors can harm the fetus: poor nutrition, alcohol use, smoking, the use of some prescription or over-the-counter drugs, the use of recreational drugs such as cocaine, sedatives and drugs, X-rays and other types of radiation. Mothers who drink too much during pregnancy may have babies with fetal alcohol syndrome. Infants with this syndrome may experience problems such as small head size, heart defects, irritability, hyperactivity, mental retardation, or slowing of motor development. Newborn babies begin to recognize the world with all sense organs from the moment they are born. Newborn babies can hear, see, taste and smell and feel the
Can be tested through ultrasound sonography, fetal MRI, chorionic villus sampling, amniocentesis and blood screening. While harmful substances that affect the development of the fetus include caffeine, alcohol, nicotine, drugs, X-ray radiation, diseases, and emotional state of the mother. This research compares the effects of these hazards on prenatal development as related to the textbook.
Q 4 -Discuss- Is pregnancy altering the state of Health? Yes. When a woman get pregnant its not just carrying a baby in her body ,she well suffer a lot of other medical problems like: 1-breast: in her early months of pregnancy she well feel that her breasts became tender and large because the breast is preparing for breastfeeding. 2-frequent urination: the blood volume increases during pregnancy which puts more pressure to the kidneys. 3-shortness of breath: Before the end of the pregnancy, with the child squeezing up against the stomach, she may feel as though you can't get enough air.
• Pregnancy issues – pregnant mothers who use alcohol or drugs during pregnancy put their developing babies at risk for intellectual disability. In fact, one of the best ways to decrease the risk of intellectual disabilities involves completely avoiding alcohol during pregnancy. Smoking during pregnancy can also increase the risk that a baby will have an intellectual disability. • Issues during birth – premature birth and low birth weight represent risk factors and often indicate
is not safe for the developing fetus or the mother.” This is, to most people, common knowledge: drugs and pregnancy do not mix. Although many still do not know the true face of illegal drug use while in prenatal care. Due to many cases of use, we, as a community, have come to
However, GDM was strongly related to birth weight. Women with GDM were more likely to deliver babies with macrosomia (11). This was because excessive glucose in maternal blood will trigger the baby’s pancreas to produce more insulin-like growth hormone thus the baby will have a higher birth weight (12). Besides, GDM can either increase or decrease the birth weight of baby. GDM was one of the factors causing foetal growth restriction which resulted in low birth weight.
There are some negative changes in oral health during pregnancy. If there is not adequate care to oral health in pregnancy, there may be some problems that occur in the mouth. Also some changes in the body like rise in estrogen hormone or vomiting and morning sickness may cause dental diseases. The most important diseases are gingivitis and periodontitis. These diseases not only affect the mother but also the health of the fetus.