Between the mid-late 1970s and the early 1980s, Dennis Nilsen began mass murdering young men in Great Britain that had at least 15 men through strangulation (Crime Investigation, 2014). In analyzing his life, many of contributions throughout his life could have influenced his criminal behaviour when committing his crimes. Many theories such as broken home hypothesis and schema therapy theory use psychological explanations that determine how the individual resulted into committing their crimes. With schema therapy theory, not only does it discuss the justification for criminal behaviour, but suggests how to reduce the relapse of criminal acts by identifying the cause or the trigger of the individual’s criminal behaviour (Vos et al., 2016). In Dennis Nilsen’s life, there are several indications such as the abandonment of his family members, the termination of a past relationship, and the reclusiveness from society that could have resulted
Serial Killers: Nurture vs. Nature Family members are clueless about a possibility that one of their loved ones could be a serial killer. A young girl in Wisconsin had no idea about her father being a serial killer until she put the puzzle together years later. The family moved every six months with no reason and with a limited time to pack. There was a murder at every place they moved from. After the young girl was around the age of forty she told the police that she believes her father was a serial killer.
Families that are poor or have a low income are more likely to commit crimes for the purpose of their own needs to survive. “It is a fact that neighborhoods where the poor are concentrated are more prone to high crime rates, and poor residents are the most common victims of crimes” (1). The best explanation for this is that poorer people have the same needs as a regular middle-class citizen. The poor citizens need certain things to help him or her live a healthy life, such as healthcare, food stamps, and more employment options. One may argue that healthcare is too expensive and that food stamps have been taken away from many people.
Their study was complimentary because it confronted the argument of the theory not being rightfully tested. Stated in Researching theories of crime and deviance “... findings was important because it verified for the first time that the structural factors themselves don’t influence crime, rather they are important only in as much as they produce social disorganization” (p.91) Sampson and Wilson came to conclusion that structural and culture social isolation increase crime due to racial discrimination. For example African American had not to many choices but to move to some of these poverty enriched neighborhoods. Within these isolated neighborhoods it was hard for one to avoid violence that erupted. They did not approve crime or violent behaviors but had no choice to live in it.
This theory clearly rules out the effect of inherited or innate factors, and the last is the cognitive theory, which is based on how the perception of an individual is manifested into affecting his or her potential and capability to commit a crime. (Psychological theories of crime) Relating these theories to the case under study, it’s clear that the behaviour can be traced most times to faulty relationships in the family during the first years of
We all know that parents, since the child is born, are always by their child’s side since they share a same home and should be the one to monitor their children while he or she is growing up. David P. Farrington (Farrington, n.d) stated that family factor, poor parental child-rearing methods especially lack of guidance and control from parents, is the most common answer when people are asked about the main cause of crimes. Moreover, according to Lieb Roxanne (1994), family components can predict an early sign of delinquency. Some weak way of predictions are based on the socioeconomic status of the family, and the less affection of the child to parents. However, the lack of guidance and letting the child to feel being unwanted is a strong predictor or root of
The Theory of Anomie and the Social Disorganization Theory are reasons as to why race and social class influence criminal activity. The Theory of Anomie suggests that criminal activity results from an offender’s inability to provide their desired needs by socially acceptable or legal means; therefore, the individual turns to socially unacceptable or illegal means to fulfill those desires. The Social Disorganization Theory proposes that poor neighborhoods with weak social institutions have higher rates of
Social Disorganization Theory Name Institutional Affiliation Crime in our societies is a widespread social phenomenon dating back centuries ago and ranges from low-level delinquencies to high-level offences. Chances are high that one would be involved in crime during their lifetime, either as a victim, or as an assailant. Nevertheless, what really motivates individuals to commit crime? Studies have shown that in different political, economic, and cultural backgrounds, crime occurs in diverse patterns making it a serious social problem. Hence, criminology and sociology experts have examined numerous aspects of crime in an attempt to elucidate why individuals commit crime, and cogently explain its social context.
The theory used in this journal pertains to the race, age, and gender of a serial killer; how they kill, the race, age, and gender of the victim; and how the killer lived before and during the killings. Before beginning his own study, Pakhomou (2004) found that “Serial (sexual killers are believed to be mostly white males in their twenties and thirties (at the time of the crimes) with above-average intelligence who commit intra-racial (within the same racial group) murders of strangers” (p. 220). Approximately half of them never had consensual sex with another adult, some joining the military, about half did not finish high school, and they had a history of burglary and sexual offenses prior to murders. There is no set reason or evidence that explains why people commit sexual homicide; however, there are many theories. One set factor that all researchers agree on is that “the most monstrous and most perverse sexual acts are usually committed by persons of sound mind, who are functionally rigid (in terms of a number of activities that they carry on), obsessed with fantasy and who have a determination to do what they want” (Pakhomou, 2004, p. 221).
Lastly from the study, a murder was a result of violent robbery leading to killings of the victims. In most cases, the economic status is not the reasoning as to why people engage in violence, for example – a robbery leading to a murder. Robbery with violence is behavior which is learnt over time and therefore it is greatly influenced by the life time events. Therefore, life course theory plays a significant role in explaining the various murders committed in
Criminologists are not the only professionals within the criminal justice field who can benefit from, and utilize, analytical methods and statistics (Cadigan, 2016). Law enforcement administrators, like police chiefs or correctional wardens, may also find value in statistical analysis. For this assignment, I have chosen to focus on Fernandez-Lanier’s report (2015) concerning domestic homicide in New York in the 2014 calendar year; this report breaks down the number of instances of domestic homicides (wherein the victim and perpetrator had an intimate or familial relationship) and examines the victimology of these events, as well as other statistics.
With the male figure typically holding the most power within the family unit, it is said that this power difference can sometimes lead to issues of domestic violence and abuse (Chibucos, Leite & Weis, 2005). Due to social norms and society, conflict theory tends to focus on the “traditional nuclear family” and one’s social roles placed upon mothers and fathers. Conflict theory suggests that any major changes to the family unit or family roles of the mother and father can cause chaos and cause intimate partner
Domestic violence is a prevalent issue that is claiming grounds beyond national boarders, lives as well. This is an issue that does not discriminate against race, religion, education, and socioeconomic status. The criminal act of violence is a fragile but widespread issue that has become a typical and accepted behavior by some of its victims and perpetrators. The acts of domestic violence occur as traumatic incidents that are greatly influenced by socioeconomic status and complex psychological factors.
Woman are attracted to men with power and wealth and men are seeking more of an identity. Violence is the most common way to control a partner and maintain order in the intimate partner relationship. A conflict in couple’s relationships is mainly collapsing due to finances, jealousy, and a women’s identity role. When a partner consumes alcohol, there is a higher chance of violence in the home. If a woman is the same or more educated than her partner, she is more likely to leave the relationship.
Domestic Violence Problem Migdalia Villanueva Kaplan University CJ-333 Domestic violence is a crime that is faced in not only America but other countries across the globe. The overall purpose of this study is to show the impact domestic violence will not only have on the American society but also in other countries, I choose to look at the countries of Canada, Australia, England and Saudi Arabia The first pages of the essay illustrate the problems which have been faced in America because of the high increase in domestic violence rates. As portrayed in the essay, there are several problems which will be similar to the ones which encountered in the different countries that will be mentioned in the essay.