The Role of Nutrition and Exercise in Losing Weight

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The first reason that impact on losing weight is the nutrition. Nutrition plays an important role in determining our weight. The nutrient in one meal, the number of meals per day, and the moderation in eating are the three main factors that will have a big effect on our body. Therefore, firstly, we need to know what exactly is a balanced meal. Rohrlach (2017) indicates that: “A balanced meal is a snapshot of a diet that covers the three core food groups. As seen on this portion plate, the balance is a quarter proteins, a quarter carbohydrates, and half vegetables.” Rohrlach (2017) further explains that: “One quarter carbohydrate food for energy. One quarter protein food for growth and repair. One-half vegetables for a healthy metabolism.” Thus,…show more content…
The way we train is one of the most key factors that affect our weight. The combination of the kind of exercises we do and the number of exercises we have will influence our body weight. So what kinds of disciplines should we have in order to lose weight? There are four basic kinds of them, which are endurance, strength, balance, and flexibility. Endurance exercises, or also known as aerobic, are the activities which will increase our breathing and our heart rate. They will help our heart, lungs, and circulatory system healthier, and they will improve our fitness too. Usually, they are include walking, jogging, dancing, yard working, etc. Next, strength exercises, which is also called resistance exercises, are the kind of actions that make our muscles stronger. Resistance training can be done through many kinds of weight lifting exercises. The third kind of exercise is balance, and they will help prevent falls. Balance practices can be trained through doing heel-to-toe walk, standing in one foot, or doing Tai Chi, which is a kind of Chinese martial art. The last kind of exercise is flexibility, which will stretch our muscles and can help our body stay limber. They include shoulder and upper arm stretch, calf stretch, and Yoga discipline. There is a fact that we will burn more calories with cardio exercises than with strength training. Glenn Gaesser, Ph.D., FACSM, kinesiology professor and department head at the University of Virginia in Charlottesville, USA, claims that: “Strength training itself will not lead to an appreciable amount of weight loss because it just doesn't burn enough calories”. Furthermore, the physical therapist and strength and conditioning specialist Ben Quist, Ph.D., NSCA remarks: “That's not to say that strength training isn't important for the overall health of the body. But when it comes to burning the most calories, go for cardiovascular exercise. And vary the

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