In the article, “What Makes a Woman?” , American journalist, Elinor Burkett, addresses the topic of transgender females and natural females, along with their contrasting views. The article argues that transgender women can not transition and automatically generalize the entire female population. The purpose is to show that there is more to a woman than just her physical anatomy which is accomplished by Burkett. The rhetorical feature that influences the audience the most is pathos, such as when she talks about the struggles of changing from a young lady into a woman, and how a transgender can never truly understand this transformation.
In Victorian society, women had the choice between two roles: the pure woman or the fallen woman. Bram Stoker plays with these anxieties revolving around female sexuality – he follows the gothic tradition of innocent damsel in distress against looming evil. The narrative structure Stoker imploys to the text through intertextuality reveals multiple point of view distinguishing a duality in Lucy - her true self and 'thing'. In order to cope with Lucy’s worsening condition, the male authoritative figures of the text assign a duality present in Lucy to make sense of her shifting from “pure woman” to “fallen woman”. Stoker exhibits in the structure of the multi-faceted narrative how certain characters are unable to cope with the duality present
The cause for Spenser 's equivocation could be situated in his mindset toward queen Elizabeths authority, and it could additionally have a more commonly though connected speculative groundwork. Britomart 's capacity to dress as a masculine identity and have the force it requires, even as she can put on the weapons and armor, is conceivably destructive in the sixteen century England, what it says about the ways of power and authority; that they are merely formulations that can be taken up, even by a woman, rather than innate trait of the male. It 's not surprising that Spenser removes the strong female knight from the story; it is no wonder that her taking up of the armor of authority is creatively connected with the destruction of a powerful tower, as the character of Britomart has the capability to expose a gap in the infrastructure of patriarchy. The Faerie Queene is believed to be a political storytelling regarding the private and foreign position of England with Elizabeth on the throne. Spenser decidedly declared that the Faerie Queene and Britomart both serve as depictions for Queen Elizabeth I.
In the fourteen century, men were always the superior, head of the household, the breadwinner, but women were always inferior, they would stay at home, do the house work, cook, and never would have a job. Well, times have changed. Women are reaching an equal status to men in political, social and economic matters It’s part of the idea called Feminism. In many ways the Wife of Bath displays many characteristic of women in the 21st century. Instead of being directed by men, she views herself as an independent person.
In this way we can identify the importance of society and expectations in the portrayal of the different identities. To illustrate one more example, there is the case of Myrtle, leading on to the importance of clothing in the portrayal of these identities. Nick Carraway notes that “under the influence of the dress, her personality had also undergone a change”. Through clothing, Myrtle obtains the tools to change her identity, hence expressing a different identity to achieve the ultimate purpose of ‘belonging’ to the
Shakespeare’s tragedy, Macbeth, focuses on the tumultuous events that surround a regicide. Despite being the shortest of Shakespeare’s plays, in his critical study of the play A. C. Bradley concludes that due to its vehement nature the audience is left with an impression “not of brevity but of speed” . The principal female character of Lady Macbeth is arguably one of his most contentious. Consumed with intense passion, ambition and greed she challenges the subservient role of the traditional Elizabethan woman. She has disturbed, horrified and intrigued both contemporary and modern audiences alike through her powerful diction.
Beowulf and “The Wife of Bath’s Tale” are both narratives in which gender acts as an important theme within their individual communities; both have underlying meanings when it comes to defining what the role men and women in a good community should be. Or in other words, both stories paint a vivid picture of the role of women during the medieval time period, by suggesting that one gender had more power over another. However, these two narratives take alternative paths when expressing their views; Beowulf conveys its message through what is missing, while “The Wife of Bath’s Tale” incorporates satire and uses explicit narrative when telling the experience of a woman that is highly different from other women in her time. Furthermore, another difference that is appealing to the reader’s eyes, besides the way the two narratives reflect to women’s role in medieval times, is that men become the hero in Beowulf, while “the wife”, so a woman, becomes the authority figure in the story of “The Wife of Bath’s Tale.” I want to first introduce the two main differences between the two narratives and then I will explain how regardless of the differences, both of these narratives’ main goal is to show that women had less power and a good community back that time was male dominated.
The novel goes into depth exploring these in comparison to the approaches of the Victorian man. Said approaches actually demonstrate plenty about the fundamentals of our own culture in respect to our ethnic customs and our outlooks on gender roles. The Beetle completely turns around gender roles by depicting a leading dominant woman who is rather frequently mistaken for a man. An abundant amount of the gender swapping is enforced by the entrancing of the Beetle who forces its powers on Marjorie Holt, the New Woman. Holt’s feminism is compared to her transgender dominance by the Beetle.
In the novel we follow the protagonist, a young Victorian woman who struggles to overcome the oppressive patriarchal society in which she is entrapped. It is a story of enclosure and escape, from the imprisonment of her childhood to the possible entrapment of her daunting marriage. Throughout the novel Jane must fight against her inevitable future that society has already chosen for her. We see her attempt to overcome the confinements of her given gender, background and status. She must prove her worth against the men she encounters throughout her life, showing her equality in intelligence and strength.
It is inevitable for Nick, when describing her for the first time, to pay attention to her boyish features and the hardness of her body’s lines: “I looked at Miss Baker wondering what it was she ‘got done.’ I enjoyed looking at her. She was a slender, small breasted girl, with an erect carriage which she accentuated by throwing her body backward at the shoulders like a young cadet. Her grey sun-strained eyes looked back at me with polite reciprocal curiosity out of a wan, charming discontented face. It occurred to me now that I had seen her, or a picture of her, somewhere before” (9).
Thus, in doing gender, one does not move beyond this context, but instead gender identity is “performatively constituted by the very “expressions” that are said to be its result” (55). Gender, for Butler, is “the repeated stylization of the body, a set of repeated acts within a highly rigid regulatory frame,” it is something fluid that congeals over time “to produce the appearance of substance, of a natural sort of being” (63). In this sense, one can never become woman because there is no ontological ‘woman’; it is a “substantive appearance” (64). Butler uses the example of drag to illustrate how it disrupts the “very distinctions between the natural and the artificial, depth and surface, inner and outer through which discourse about genders almost always operates” (27). Drag is not an imitation of true gender, but an act that exposes foundational categories that create the notion of gender as an effect of a “specific formation of power” (27).
Bronte 's Jane Eyre transcends the genres of literature to depict the emotional and character development of its protagonist. Although no overall genre dominates the novel exclusively, the vivid use of setting contributes towards the portrayal of Bronte’s bildungsroman (Realisms, 92) and defines the protagonist’s struggles as she grapples with her inner-self, and the social expectations of her gender. The novel incorporates Jane’s frequent conflicts, oppression, isolation and self-examination as she defends her identity and independence. Set amongst five separate locations, Bronte’s skilful use of literal and metaphorical landscapes, nature, and imagery, skilfully intertwines with the plot and denotes each phrase of her maturity.
The poem ‘The Lady of Shalott’, by Alfred, Lord Tennyson, was written in a period when women were seen as obedient products. They represented the house image, the inner world, having no rights. Women were supposed to be pure, virgin and reserved. When they got married, women had to give up their money and rights to their husbands. It was not enough that women stopped having any rights or money, but they also become the property of their spouse, in other words, a husband took the decision about his wife’s life and body.
While the similarities in both plot and structure are obvious, the criticism that du Maurier moved “progressive social agenda of the original novel backwards rather than forward with the substitution of the fiery, passionate Jane for the meek and mild unnamed heroine” (Williams 51) is problematic when considering the differences du Maurier made even when she chose certain aspects and settings of Brontë’s work to incorporate in her own. The narrative of a young, unnamed female heroine, who in
In the following essay I will discuss and form a clear analysis about Elizabeth Bishop’s poem ‘Exchanging Hats’ that was published in 1979. Elizabeth Bishop is an American short-story writer that was born in 1911 and loved writing poems to describe the dominating side between male and female. It addresses many things such as crossing dressing, gender roles and it brings out a deeper meaning of fashion. It refers to the world famous story of Alice in Wonderland. It is done in such a way where everything that is being describe is not being said directly but rather describing actions that symbolizes different principals of theories.