Finally, after these two treaties the Cold War officially ends. The most important event that ended the Cold war was the fall of the Berlin Wall because the Berlin Wall was the symbol of the Communist World. This Wall separated East and West Berlin and the Communists did not let anyone from the East leave the country or they would be killed. When the Wall was taken down it gave the people of East Berlin a sense of freedom they have not had in 20 years of being ruled by Communism. This event is also what lead to the reuniting of Germany, which is something the US wanted to do since the end of World War II.
The Berlin Wall, built in August of 1961, was a physical symbol of the political and emotional divisions of Germany. The Wall was built because of a long-lasting suspicion among the Soviet Union on one side and Western Europe and the United States on the other. Once World War II was over, these Allies no longer had a common purpose of holding them together. Their differences became less hidden and more irreconcilable. The Western Allies quickly realized they couldn’t “kick a dog when its already down”, and that Germany was in desperate need of help.” Therefore, the Allies’ aim was to rebuild Germany’s economy.
One of Stalin’s main goals for building the blockade was to drive democracy out of the city. But of course that didn’t go as planned. In fact Berlin possibly became even more democratic after the blockade. Soviet authorities finally realized that the allies were determined to stay in Berlin and that the blockade was useless and on May 12, 1949, the blockade was taken down. The airlift continued until September 30, 1949.
One reason they shouldn’t have boycotted the Games was because of the location of the Games. The Games in 1936 were being held in Berlin,Germany. Berlin had previously been selected to host the Olympics before Hitler’s reign. The 1916 Olympics were only canceled due to World War 1, which lasted from 1914 to 1918. Even with the nomination of Berlin holding the Olympics in Germany, the Nazis intended to use the 1936 Games in Berlin, Germany as a showcase for the "new Germany,” which was now a nazi reigning, Aryan-race only area.
Although the wall fell in 1989, its construction during Kennedy’s presidency in 1961 nearly started war. With East Berlin losing its professional class to West Berlin, the Kremlin decided to make sure that no one could get out. The large numbers of Red Army soldiers around construction sites lead many to fear that an invasion was nearing. In response, Kennedy put troops on the other side of the wall, both countries insisted on never backing down. That was, until an agreement had been made, and another world war
• These meetings took place in Teheran (1943), Yalta (February 1945), and Potsdam (July 1945) • Churchill worked with the 2 leaders in order to develop a united strategy against the axis powers • The 3 also helped create the post-war world with the united nations as a centerpiece • While the war started to wind down Winston proposed plans for social reforms in Britain but he was unable to convince the public • Unfortunately he was defeated in the general election in July 1945 • Dresden: • Allied forces bombed the historic city of Dresden from February 13th to February 15th,1945 which was during the final months of the war • The bombing of Dresden was considered controversial because it was neither important to German wartime productions and it was not a major industrial center • It was by February 15th that the city was destroyed • The estimated casualties were between 35,000 and 135,000 dead • Rommel: • One of the Germans most popular generals during WWII • Rommel tried to create a plot to overthrow Hitler • Rommel took his own life on October 14th, 1944, when he was only 52 years old • Gained his enemies respect by victories as a commander of the Afrika
Before the battle, Germany was on a roll in the eastern front, they captured Kiev, cut off supplies to Leningrad, and bombed Moscow (Russia’s capital). Fortunately, the United State’s Lend-Lease Act came to Russia’s aid to stove off the Nazi’s attack, but the Nazis were relentless. Their next move was to capture the city of Stalingrad, if they were successful Russia’s oil supply would be cut off from them. Oil was a major resource in the war, it was used to make bombs, lubricate guns, and fuel tanks. So, if Germany captured Stalingrad, the allies would have quickly run out of supplies and lose the war within months.
For example in Document B when Truman states “One of the primary objectives of the foreign policy of the United States is the creation of conditions in which we and other nations will be able to work out a way of life free from coercion.” This quotation means to me that the treaties of the post war world further separated the two superpowers of the world for the decades to follow. The wars through other countries also strengthened Cold War
Jens-Uwe Guettel argues that from the late eighteenth century onward, ideas of expansion and colonial expansion played a very important role in liberal, enlightened and progressive circles in Germany. Everything Hitler did was intended for war following the
Visitors can get an idea of the reality of the wall seeing the surviving section of the wall and the watchtower. Checkpoint Charlie has been the scene of several spy thrillers and espionage novels ranging from James Bond’s “Octopussy” to “The Spy Who Came in From the Cold” by John le Carre. Starting on September 22, 1961 at the most famous East German – West German border crossing, allied soldiers registered members of the American, British and French armed forces before their trip to East Berlin. The Friedrichstrasse border checkpoint was the scene of the so-called tank stand-off in October 1961. Nearby is the Berlin Wall
Battleground Berlin: CIA vs. KGB in the Cold War offers an in depth analysis and account of the most heated period of espionage warfare in Berlin. The book’s conclusion with the building of the Berlin Wall is a logical endpoint to the story as the almost overnight construction of the Berlin Wall represented the closing of the Iron Curtain – as clandestine meetings between agents were no longer possible, thus ended Berlin’s role as a unique operational asset in it’s access to the East. The main strengths of the book come from the backgrounds of its authors. Supplementing first hand accounts with primary source document, existing research in the field, and interviews of the major players, the book is not simply a memoir of Murphy or Kondrashev – it offers an insider perspective of the events balanced with facts and extensive research. In the accounts of the Berlin Blockade, the 1953 uprisings, and the construction of the Berlin wall, the authors merely augment existing accounts
D-Day happened on June 6, 1944. It was one of the biggest battles in World War II history. Hitler named his defense along the Atlantic border, the Atlantic Wall. It would help Germany win the war. D-Day was one of the most tremendous attacks in military history.
He wanted the wall, which was symbolic of communism, taken down, so he told Gorbachev to tear it down. Over two years after Reagan’s famous statement to tear down the Berlin Wall, Gorbachev permitted the people of Berlin to break down the wall. The fall of the Berlin Wall signaled the end of the Soviet Union’s control of East Germany and the end of the Cold War (Biography.com Editors,
The Berlin Wall was built by the Soviet Union in order to stop people from East Berlin entering West Berlin. On November 9th, East Germans were able to travel to West Berlin freely and destruction of the Berlin Wall started. The Berlin Wall symbolized the coming collapse of the Soviet Union and it was seen when the Berlin Wall fell. The fall of the Berlin Wall ended the Cold War that lasted about forty-five years between the United States and the Soviet Union. In conclusion, the fall of the Berlin Wall is the most important event in history because it reunited East Berlin and West Berlin, it foretold the coming collapse of the Soviet Union, and it has come to represent the end of the Cold War between the United States and Soviet Union.