Fall Risk Assessment

2132 Words9 Pages
Falls are a considerable burden on patients, nurses, and hospitals. Preventing falls from happening should be a priority in healthcare organizations. While the risk of falling cannot be eliminated, it can be significantly reduced through the implementation of effective fall prevention programme (Oliver et al., 1997, Close et al., 1999). Such programme is to assess the fall-risk of patient during hospitalization as assessment enables appropriate preventive strategies to be implemented by using fall-risk assessment tool. However, there is few assessment tools have been subjected to extensive evaluation. This study is to examines the validity and reliability of the Morse Fall Scale (MFS) (Morse et al., 1996), St Thomas Risk Assessment Tool in…show more content…
Patients who fall and sustain injury are reported to have incurred hospital charges of over US$4200, higher than those who do not fall (Bates et al., 1995). The costs incurred as a result of fall-related injuries are substantial in terms of loss of mobility, use of healthcare services, and waiver of hospital charges (in Singapore) and fall place enormous pressure on the healthcare systems (Lightbody et al., 2002). They also expose the staff and hospital to complaints, coroners’ inquests and litigation (Oliver, 2004). Hence, prevention of fall in acute care hospitals is an important patient and public health issue (Hitcho et al.,…show more content…
There is a score allocated in each of the risk factor depending on the calculated relative risk. Patient will be assessing for presence or absence of the risk factors, and the score will be written in the space provided when a risk factor is present. Based on the total scores, patients are categorize into having a low (<25), medium (25-50), or high (>51) risk of fall (Morse et al. 1989). The MFS has been examining in different studies with various populations.
St Thomas Risk Assessment Tools in Falling Elderly Inpatients (STRATIFY): There are five significant risk factors; history of a fall, mental status including confusion, disorientation, and agitation, visual impairment, frequent toileting, and transfer and mobility.

More about Fall Risk Assessment

Open Document