Michel Foucault’s The History of Sexuality(1976), indicate that the history of sexuality is the history of oppression .The relationship of sex oppression always as power, knowledge and sex. Sex becomes an object to be oppress because it is unproductive in a capitalism society. The bourgeoisie not allow the workers use energy on sex, since workers’ energy is for production. Therefore, knowledge about sex and talk about it is control by the bourgeoisie. Rubin (1984) stated that “The realm of sexuality also has its own internal politics, inequalities, and modes of oppressing” (p.267). Sexuality is full of repression. She indicates sex hierarchies to point the sex have been good and bad, but it is not that dualistic indeed. Masturbation is one of the example that can show society always control sex strictly.
In the novel Brave New World, author Aldous Huxley links sexual promiscuity and happiness by utilizing diction and imagery, proving that the only link sexual promiscuity has towards happiness is that it promotes a false sense of happiness.
Marxism is an economic and social system. Holland Arrowsmith explains Marxism as a term which refers to “a hugely diverse set of social, economic, philosophical, historical and cultural theories”. Several theories such as social, economical, political and critical theories have been derived from Marxism philosophy. Marxism advocates equality amongst the class structure of society. Marxism is divided into two fundamental classes. According to Marx there are only two classes which exist: Bourgeoisie, which means powerful or dominant class and Proletariat, which means the peasant or working classes. Bourgeoisie, which gains the power, defines superstructure “including all social and legal institution, all political and educational systems, all religions and all art” (Bressler, 162), and articulate the ideology which is based on profits of bourgeoisie. The bourgeoisie ideology leads to alienation of individuals, especially proletariats. This bourgeoisie ideology creates the clash between the two classes. Marx supported the working class and their victory over dominant class. Marxism believes in providing equal opportunity to the working class as that are available to the
Until early 20th century, ‘heterosexuality’ was used to refer to ‘morbid sexual practices’ between men and women such as oral and anal intercourse, as opposed to ‘normal’ procreative sex. The term homosexuality – that is so casually usedtodayand is almost an everyday vocabulary – came into being only in the late 19th century Europe when discussions on the varied expressions of sex and sexuality became acceptable in academic circles. The term was used to describe “morbid sexual passion between members of the same sex.” It was declared ‘unnatural’ by colonial laws, as unnatural as casual sex between men and women that was not aimed at conception.
Moral, religious and legal attitudes are definite interferences with sexual behavior as well as an ostensible insight of the medical and psychological aspects of homosexuality. This phenomenon is possibly much less destructive of social aspects of our society and culture than is commonly believed, since it is actually more prevalent than is generally acknowledged. Homosexuality is most likely a result of hormonal and undoubtedly social and psychological factors.
Many quizzes can be found to decipher political identity like Pew Research Center’s Political Typology Quiz, PBS Newshour’s The Political Party Test, and the I Side With Presidential Candidates quiz found on isidewith.com. Some may have entered into the quizzes with their political identity already deciphered or with no idea what the result would be. However, some like I may have had an inclination towards one view, but not realizing just how much or little they fit into its category. The quizzes taken asked questions in which one’s answers were then taken and analyzed to place them in a certain political category. In most quizzes, once that political identity is deciphered it is explained and elaborated on so that the reader knows in detail
Furthermore, Seidman argues that “sexuality is socially constructed” by explaining that humans are not born sexual, but that sexuality is instead learned throughout the course of their lives. He explains that sexuality originated from Christians when they were confessing their sexual desires to scientists. These scientist then collected this data and created it into a social regulation known as human sexuality. It then became a script to teach us how to act, and designate what is appropriate for our sexual behaviors. For example, in kindergarten, it was okay for me to hold a girl’s hand, but holding a boy’s hand was not okay. But as I grow older, it had the reverse effect. If I were to hold a girl’s hand today, I would be labeled as a “lesbian”
A new ministry! Well you waited long enough! My prayer is that I will not disappoint you as a preacher or as a pastor. As part of my ministry I hope to produce a regular newsletter containing a pastor’s message as well as items of current news relevant to the life of the congregation and also news from the broader Christian community in the world.
I was placed in the category of Next Generation Left, which leans towards the left. Leaning towards the left side would make me more Liberal. My group takes up about 12% of the population. The Next Generation Left have very liberal attitudes on many issues, including homosexuality, abortion, the environment and foreign policy. Few Next Generation Lefts wouldn’t consider themselves strong Democrats. For the Next Generation Left group, 25% of them would vote republican and 66% of them would vote Democrat.
Throughout the history, homosexuals have faced much discrimination and obstacles, where they are have been subjugated by the masses. Their rights have always been suppressed, where they have yet to achieve full legal equality as heterosexual couples and are often persecuted for their inability to conform into what society deems to be “normal” or what is “appropriate”. The homosexual movement was instigated in Germany on 1871, where there were harsh penalties for those who were caught in the act of sexual intercourse with those of the same sex, which was also seen as huge taboo in the Christian bible. The traces of prejudicial treatment towards gays and lesbians can be traced back to Roman Law and towards the medieval times, where the criminalizing
Although there exist many different types of the conceivable notion of family, they all serve a similar purpose of the loving, caring and supporting of members within the family. Throughout the years, ideologies surrounding the definition of the idealistic family picture and of the nuclear family within our society has been changed through further discussion and academic conclusions regarding race, class sexual orientation, and the patriarchal structures surrounding the historical families. Drawing from Bell Hooks (1990) and Michelle Owen's (2001) writings, this essay will demonstrate how similarly and differently the authors approach the idea of social constructionism of the heteronormative family in western
Queer theory focuses mainly on the treatment of the LBGT community and the prejudices they endured as a result of what was considered normal, or socially acceptable behavior. Similarly, Marxism focuses on the economic aspects of society and the separation between social classes with low economic standing versus those with high economic standing. The division between the two classes has become accepted as a natural aspect of society and like queer theory, society has "taken for granted" heterosexuality and considers it to be natural.
Sexuality rights is often overlooked in history especially in the 20th century as not many historians talked about the inequality for gays and lesbians therefore it is hard to say this form of inequality shaped the United States. Gay liberation can be linked to feminism as in the 1960s homosexuals also stood up for their own rights in the fight against inequality. Throughout the 20th century gay and lesbians were described as “sinful or mentally disordered”, as it was illegal in most states, seen as irregular and against the traditional American values of heterosexual marriages. McCarthyism pronounced gays to be a source of “national weakness” a focal point that caused controversy around gays and lesbians. Carl Wittman declared a Gay Manifesto stating how San Francisco is a “refugee camp for homosexuals” a place where people had fled from “blackmailing cops, from families who disowned or “tolerated” us”, it shows the inequality as gay people were treated horribly but of fear of abuse has to pretend “everything was OK”. However, with a growth in the gay liberation movement through the rise of many other freedom movements, more riots and protests occurred as they continued to fight for equality in the 1960’s. Wittman encourages homosexuals in his Manifesto to “come out”, to liberate, to be open with everyone’s sexuality because “closest queenery must
However, “fostering the separation of sexuality from procreation, capitalism has created conditions that allow some men and women to organize a personal life around their erotic/emotional attraction to their own sex;” much like with other advancements in society, when one isn’t constantly thinking of survival, it is usually then that critical thinking begins (D’Emilio 1993, 470). Capitalism gave homosexual relationships the ability to be a possibility, but this behavior is often shunned by the rest of society. Capitalism and the intersectionality of homosexual relationships, simply focusing on the relationship between two women, is significantly more difficult for them to survive in a patriarchal society due to a lack of sustainable jobs offered to women (D’Emilio 1993; Seidman 2015,
According to Harrington and Michael (1981:6-22) Marxism is a political theory of Karl Marx, who describes Marxism as the worlds perspective based on the systems of society and a method of the general publics analysis, which focuses on class structure and the conflicts of society, this uses a materialistic connotation of historical development, and a dialectical view of their social transformation. Therefore modernism is an analytical movement that critics the cultural trends and altars, which arises from a variety and beyond change in the Western culture. This essay will be discussing a modernism artwork and analysis based on Marxism’s critic.