False Memory Theory

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Leding (2012) discusses how there are three theories of false memory in the journal article “False memories and persuasion strategies”. These notions of false memory include the source monitoring framework theory, the activation monitoring theory and the fuzzy trace theory. The source monitoring theory is where a specific experience is recollected incorrectly and found to be the foundation of a memory. This fault happens when normal perceptual and reflective processes are interrupted. Leding (2012) also explains how the source-monitoring framework suggests that when people are presented with information to be remembered, the source of that information is not usually tagged in memory. According to Arndt (2010), the activation monitoring…show more content…
In the Behavior science and the Law paper by Howe, Gardner and Patel (2012), Howe et al. deliberates that false memories can be a positive experience when they are linked to survival situations (Howe et al., 2012). Howe et al. (2012) also discusses that the adaptive memory effect was developmentally constant when survival data was used and the memory was tested in a deliberate memory task. Howe et al. (2012) found that although adults displayed higher rates of true and false recall than children, there was no difference when it comes to age in the failure of remaining memory accuracy (Howe et al, 2012). Howe et al. (2012) also discussed how memory delusions are not necessarily good or bad and that the determination on whether they have a positive or negative consequence hinges on how they are later used. The results of Howe et al’s. study proved that no matter the age, survival-related words were not only better recollected but were also more susceptible than neutral words to false memory illusions; and survival-related false memories were better than neutral false memories as primes for problem-solving (Howe et al.,…show more content…
Mairean (2015) found that high levels of mental imagery have both advantages and disadvantages with memory. Mental imagery aptitude makes a person better at encoding information in a visual form. High mental imagery can create a vulnerability to develop false memories (Mairean (2015). “False memory for positive and negative life events. The role of mental imagery” also talked about how studies in the past have shown that individual differences in terms of personality may play a vital role in determining the inclination to report false memories (Mairean,
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