Additionally, family reunification involves the process of determining under what prescribed circumstances this contact should occur within the parameters of a clear safety plan. The ability of family members to supervise the process and of professionals to monitor each step is essential to success and the safety of everyone involved. When the person sexually abused someone outside of the home, the family reunification process may not include the child who was abused but may need to address other potentially at risk children who may or may not live within that home. Even when reunification is with the child or child’s family, additional conditions may be applied (Gilligan & Bumby,
For example, the Bowenian counseling approach explores the intricate patterns and interactions of intergenerational behaviors amongst the family (Bowen Center for the Study of Family, 2018). However, the Structural family model examines patterns like the Bowen model does as behaviors that are emotional or mental. Therefore, they
The mother is usually found to be loving and affectionate, educating a child to cope with problems in the future. In contrast, punitive rejection and being unavailable is associated with insecure anxious-avoidant attachment. These children view themselves as unlovable and unable to attract care from their parents, and they view others as avenging and impartial to them. They grow to feel less able to explore, feeling unsafe and can often feel they can get attention by meeting needs of others. The mother is usually rated as being inconsistent in their care.
What if the world didn’t think? What would happen if people didn’t take what they learned from past experiences, whether it had a negative or positive effect, and apply it to future situations. What would happen if people made decisions simply based on the fact that they wanted to fit in, without thinking about what consequences it could have on them. In the short story, “Abuela Invents the Zero” by Judith Ortiz Cofer, Constancia isn’t making the best decisions with her Abuela. In an excerpt from Little Women, the March sisters craved attention from their mother and had to make the difficult of helping others.
The degree of anxiety in this family can be determined by the current levels of external stress and the sensitivities to particular themes that are transmitted through the generations. If the family members cannot think through their responses to relationship dilemmas, a state of chronic anxiety may be set in place. According to Brown (1999. ), the primary goal of family systems therapy is to reduce constant tension by enabling knowledge and awareness of how the emotional system functions; and by improving levels of differentiation, where the aim is to make changes for the self rather than on trying to change others. As per Richardson, Gilleard, Lieberman, and Peeler (1994), The short-term goal is to foster better relationships between family members of the different generations by understanding the family system with its rules and balances of power and to mobilize the system by reconstruing these rules and having the family observe its own
The governess envies other women as she doesn’t have children of her own, due to her profession. Her desire to have children causes her to become obsessive and overprotective of the children. In The Turn of the Screw by Henry James, the role of the governess occupies the liminal space between the expectations of
However the story masks this obviousness fact by illustrating some of Edna’s questionable actions. Some of Edna’s most obvious decisions immediately question her weakness to handle pressure. Edna’s inability to show compassion and care for her children challenge this normalcy for a mother of the time period; Edna considered her children “like antagonists who had overcome her; who had overpowered and sought to drag her into the soul's slavery for the rest of her days” (Chopin 115). The children almost seemed like a burden, or a detriment to her. Edna’s doctor visit nearly foreshadows this mindset, where the doctor notes that
The definition and common ideology of what constitutes child maltreatment, is generally constructed around parent failing and thus, parent blaming (Hick & Stokes, p.161. This leads to a misconception of the parental role in a child’s life. If we submit to this generalization of parent failing, we neglect to take into account the
Readers can infer that Ni Kan and her mother don’t have the best relationship. This is shown by Ni Kan words and her mother's reaction to them. It makes readers feel that Ni Kan’s mom might expect to much from her. Another example is “ ‘Maybe she’s not the best, but she’s trying hard.’ I knew almost immediately I would be sorry I said that. ‘Just like you,’ she said.
Avoidant adults are uncomfortable with closeness, trusting partners difficult and are uncomfortable with intimacy. Based on attachment theory, Kobak and Sceery (1 988) postulated that one’s history of regulating distress (i.e., coping) with childhood attachment figures will also carry over into adulthood. Infant separations from the attachment figure (mother) can be viewed as the first experience of coping with stress. If the childhood attachment figure has been responsive (secure), then distress can be regulated with active seeking of comfort and support if the attachment figures are not always responsive (anxious/ambivalent, avoidant), then other ways of coping must be used. Secure individuals because of their positive attachment history, effectively regulates negative affect; they acknowledge distress and turn to others for support in times of need.