Art was an important part of Aztec life. Aztec sculptures and paintings drew inspiration From and expressed aspects Of their religion. Paintings on the walls and on stiff paper, Made from tree bark showed religious Ceremonies. The Aztec used natural dyes to make brightly colored clothes. What they wore every day depended on their social class.
Both cultures beliefs were centred around their gods. For this reason, most of their architecture had some sort of religious background. The Egyptian, as well as the Mayan built pyramids; although their intention of use differed. The purpose behind the Egyptians pyramids were to be used as burial sites for pharaohs and the royal families. In the other hand, the Mayans constructed pyramids for sacrificial purposes, as well as for worshiping gods.
The primary difference in the political organization of both East and West African from 1000-1500 CE comes in the form of government. While all sub-Saharan Africa utilized kin-based groups, West Africa was structured more around kingdoms, and East Africa structured around city-states. Some West African kingdoms had a strong centralized government, such as the Kingdom of Kongo. The government included a king, who controlled military, judicial, and financial affairs, with the help of his officials. When the emergence of formal states came about, the strong kin-based societies of the West survived for centuries later.
At its rise, it was one of the biggest nations in African history. During the second half of the 13th century, Gao the capital of Songhai became an important trading center and drew the attention of the Mali Empire. Mali conquered Gao. Gao would remain under Malian control until the late 14th century. The Songhai took over the Mali Empire after it fell.
Finally, Math's and science are also one of the achievements the Maya's accomplished. The importance of science and calendar calculations in Mayan society required mathematics and the Maya constructed quite early a very advanced number system. The Maya produced a vast array of structures, and have left an extensive architectural legacy. "Based on its architectural remains, Maya civilization ranks as in of the great preindustrial cultures of the world. "(Document B) Maya architecture also incorporates various art forms and hieroglyphic texts.
Religion The Olmec of Mexico had multiple beliefs of religion. They built big stone temples that had walkaways through the middle of it and everyone in the village went to this temple to either trade or pray. The temple will be located near our stone heads and will be in the middle of our display, this part is important because the olmec were a very religious tribe. They made stone statues of god heads, they usually looked like cubes. These stone carvings were very important to their religion because they believed in multiple gods, these statues will be located in the middle of our display.
Since I chose Africa I will be explaining what was Africa before 1500 ce. Before the 1500 ce Africa had many trades, cultures, and also some encounters with Islam. In 1000 ce Islam invaded the West African State, in Dr. Mayers, 2012 study of Africa he stated that the spread of Islam revealed the power of the religion, commercial, and also the military qualities. Many civilizations were being change without being close to at least one Islamic statement. Islam had spread so much in Africa that Islamization had served to connect with Africa and connected more with the outside world through trade, religion, and
Furthermore, the nomadic people in those two regions caused lots of rebellions. First, the civilization and agriculture in Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia were mainly spreading from the Nile River and the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers, those rivers bred the agriculture and supported human’s everyday lives on both two regions. There are several evidences support this point. “The Mesopotamian civilizations steadily expanded from their roots in the fertile valley between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers throughout their centuries of existence.” ( Stearns, Adas, Schwartz and Gilbert, World Civilizations:The Global Experience, Combined Volume, 34) This evidence shows that the geographic impact influenced a lot on Mesopotamia’s agriculture and its civilization. Meanwhile, the geographic location of Nile River also had a great impact on Ancient Egypt.
Introduction: Within Nigeria, there are various types of ethnic groups, all speaking different languages with different culture. However, one of the largest ethnic groups of Nigeria and even Africa, are the Yoruba people. These people live in West Africa, for the most part, in Southwestern Nigeria, taking up twenty six percent of Nigeria’s population, but also in Benin and Togo. Together, this area is identified as Yorubaland. This area is filled with tropical, coastal vegetation, swamp flats, forests, and farm lands.
The Egyptian Empire will always be remembered because of these things that happened in Egypt. Ancient Egyptian religion wasn’t a monotheistic religion, but a polytheistic religion with rituals and offerings to their god to keep everything in place. The religion would take place in a temple(the pyramids) and the Egyptians would do their sacrifices there. The religion also had “the Egyptians made great efforts to ensure the survival of their souls after death, providing tombs, grave goods, and offerings to preserve the bodies and spirits of the deceased”(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_Egyptian_religion). Religion in Egypt also made some kings a God-king which made people in Egypt treat the king very well.
For the period 500 BCE to 1200 CE, the societies of Africa and the societies of Americas both developed primarily in isolation. The geography of these regions and environmental variations created great distance between the emerging civilizations within the two continents. For example, In Africa the civilization of Axum, located on the horn of Africa, emerged with ties to Arabia. The proximity to the Red Sea linked Axum with Egypt and subsequently Christianity. This civilization had a monarch political system, built monuments, and even developed a written language.
They influenced many cities with their arches, ramps, columns and pyramid shaped ziggurat (Document 1). They also developed the world 's first known form of writing called cuneiform. They used clay tablets to write on (Document 1). Uruk is one of the most important cities in Ancient Mesopotamia. The reason for this is because, the origin of writing originated here.
Differences Between the Regions In the fifteenth century, native civilizations flourished. Two thousand years ' worth of knowledge, astronomy, agricultural, arts and mathematics sprouted. In result, the people who created this knowledge were the Mayans. The art is formed into paintings, sculptures, the showing in their rituals, gods and rulers. In the Mesoamerica, South, and North American arts are all influenced by the Mayans.
The Mayans are indigenous people of Mexico and Central America who have continuously inhabited the lands in modern day Yucatan, Quintana Roo, Campeche, Tabasco, and Chiapas in Mexico and southward through Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador and Honduras. Within that expanse, the Maya lived in three separate sub-areas with distinct environmental and cultural differences: the northern Maya lowlands on the Yucatan Peninsula; the southern lowlands in the Peten district of northern Guatemala and adjacent portions of Mexico, Belize and western Honduras; and the southern Maya highlands, in the mountainous region of southern Guatemala. Resources vary for every location in the world, but the area that the Mayans are located in has many natural resources