83). Although it is a relatively common occurrence in today’s society it is still a stressful situation and entails a number of changes for children and their families. The impact on the child/ren’s (family’s) microsystem may have a ripple effect; therefore the stressors need to be addressed. Information has been included on how to help their child/ren with divorce in general and the types of behavioral changes parents and/or caregivers can watch out for. Children need structure especially during a time when the world as they know it is undergoing such a drastic change.
Although most children become vulnerable when facing parental divorce, some develop resiliency (Fagan, Churchill, 2012). When parents share custody, children are able to see each parent individually. The child may notice that when a parent has custody of them they dedicate and focus more time on them, leaving the child with a sense of joy. When parents give children positive attention, a stronger bond with a parent is clear. Children may see their parents as a full and competent human being once the divorce has occurred.
“Family is the center of everyday American life. Our parents are our first protectors, first teachers, first role models, and first friends. Parents know that America’s great reward is the quiet but incomparable satisfaction that comes from building their families a better life.” Having a dysfunctional family where both parents are not present and one is present can affect a child’s life and the way they approach things because they have no one to talk to or advise them on certain
Treatment rather than Punishment Thesis Statement: Children, as innocents and infantile, are unconsciously doing unwanted acts that may violate our laws, therefore insufficient guidance from family, environmental factors syndicates, poverty and problem on education, which are the main rationales for their involvement on crimes should be given corresponding solution by the government. INTRODUCTION Juvenile delinquency means that a youth specifically those who are below 18 years old commits an act that is against the law. It can also be used as legal term for the criminal behavior carried out by minors. According to UNICEF, an average of 10, 500 minors are being arrested and detained every year – about 28 children every day, or more
Annotated bibliography Childress, S. (2016, June 2). More States Consider Raising the Age for Juvenile Crime. Retrieved from PBS: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/frontline/article/more-states-consider-raising-the-age-for-juvenile-crime/ More states are considering to raising the age for juvenile crimes before being tried as adult because young offender's mental capacity. The idea is to cut the cost of incarcerate young offender in adult prison and ensure offenders to receive proper education and specialized care to change their behavior. Putting children in adult prison does not deter crime.
Juvenile Delinquency is a phenomenon that affects communities worldwide according to media reports, both print and electronic, where worrying images of youths involved in behavior outside societal norm has been highlighted. This issue has been studied by researchers locally, regionally and internationally where results has shown that delinquency has been influenced by a number of factors such as age, gender, race, family circle, environment, socioeconomic status et cetera.
Pueschel and Moglia state delinquency may be caused by the lack of familial cohesiveness. Lauren and Dallaire, Roettger, Fritsch and Burkhead, Pueschel and Moglia have suggested that children of incarcerated parents are more likely to drop out of school. Lauren and Dallaire state this is likely due to maladjustment, which induces depressive symptoms and poor academic functioning. Roettger states this is most likely due to the father, rather than the mother, being incarcerated. Fritsch and Burkhead state this is most likely due to a connected relationship with
Family members and peers play a significant role in future criminal behavior of a child. A child in an impoverished household is at greater risk in engaging in criminality than their counterparts. Furthermore, families with a weak structure have shown a correlation of higher risk of a child becoming criminal. This goes to show that if a child is brought up in a positive and financially stable environment the risk of a childs involvement in criminal behavior is lessened. Incidentally, children who have a difficult time socializing or become aggressive with other children in early school years are more likely to become criminal in the future.
The traditional American family consisted of the father as the breadwinner, the mother that was in charge of raising children and doing domestics, and their biological children, all living together. However, that image has been replaced with a diversity of other images “Family structure in the United States”. The source of weakness is the breakdown of the structure of the family. It is when children leave their parents` house searching for an autonomous life before they are financially and emotionally self-sufficient. After departing parents’ house, children will have a lack of social support which results in an unstable life for the young individual when exposed to life new challenges.
Juvenile delinquency is a growing social problem in the world today, as worldwide, about 200,000 murders occur among youth 10–29 years of age each year (more than 500 deaths a day), which is 43% of the total number of murders globally each year (WHO, 2016). It is defined as major or minor law breaking (e.g. murder, rape, robbery, and theft) by youth (Berger, 2000) and the United Nations defines ‘youth’, as those persons between the ages of 15 and 24 years. Consequently, juvenile delinquency is a critical problem in the society, which could lead to social instability by violence and insecurity perpetrated by and against young people. These problems are caused by various influential factors ranging from peer and parental influences, environmental, and strain. It also affected by family process variables (e.g. parent-child involvement, communication, parental monitoring), indeed parenting is one of the important factors among them.
The set of the structural-functional theories are among the most widespread perspectives on the juvenile delinquency. The group of the theories regards that the behavior of the underage delinquent is caused by the breakdown of the social process that consequently results in the increase of conformity (Thompson & Bynum, 2016). The group of theories presumably blame institutions that are responsible for the socialization of the young delinquents for the way the socialize the individuals by causing them to conform to the values of the society.
As divorce has become more common place in society, millions of children affected by separation of the nuclear family. For children, it is very hard to lose a parent because they just a little children that did not known what the situations really is. Also, a child 's life becomes more stressful because of the losses of parental support and economic. Significantly affect the child 's welfare. Since many children do not adapt well, their behavior is affected.
Chapter 4 How Divorce Effects the Child, Family In this book, our purpose is to make the world a most habitable place for the children- the future leaders of this world. We must be able to temper heated emotion with a not so heated temper. We must be able to walk away from volatile situations to prevent crisis. Divorce on children is absolutely dreadful.
Understanding the risk and protective factors of child delinquency is imperative in order to create and implement treatment and intervention programs. Because children’s behavior develops during the first five years, it is important to know what risk and protective factors could increase the likelihood of a child becoming a child offender (Wasserman et al., 2003). Moreover, overcoming the risk factors would help prevent the child offender from becoming a juvenile, and later, adult offender. As Wasserman et al (2003) stated, “risk factors for child delinquency operate in several domains: the individual child, the child’s family, the child’s peer group, the child’s school, the child’s neighborhood, and the media” (pg.1). As one can see, children are exposed to risk in partially every aspect of their lives.
Maureen Samms-Vaughan’s article “Children Caught in the Crossfire” sends a very sensitive message to the families out there. The title encompasses the whole issue presented in the article. Vaughan creates a forum for families undergoing this issue, as well as for other families out there, to be educated about the severe consequences that the change in family structures have on children. Vaughan introduces her message by beginning with the thesis statement, “The change in family structure that children experience during their lives are not without consequences.” Even though the thesis would have been much more effective at the end of her introduction, it still helped to pave a path for the readers.