Family Planning Disadvantages

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INTRODUCTION Family planning and correct spacing of pregnancy can avert nearly one-third of maternal mortality and 10% of child mortality.The current approach in Family Planning emphasizes on offering high quality contraceptive services among eligible clients on a voluntary basis. The National Population Policy 2000 has recognized asits immediate objective the task of addressing the unmet need for contraception to achieve themedium term objective of bringing the Total Fertility Rate (TFR) to replacement level by 2010( i.e to reduce the Net Reproductive Rate to 1) so as to achieve the long-term goal of populationstabilization by 2045. It is important to initiate a family planning method soon after childbirth for maintaining healthy spacing…show more content…
ADVANTAGES  Fast-acting  Very effectiveagainst HBV andHIV  Inexpensive Readily available DISADVANTAGES AND OTHER CONSIDERATIONS  Concentrated chlorine solutions (≥ 0.5%) can discolour andcorrode metals. Stainless steel instruments can be soakedsafely in a 0.1% chlorine solution (using a plastic container)for up to 20 minutes. Discoloration is a problem only when calcium (not sodium) hypochlorite powders are used (Wiping instruments with vinegar, which is weakly acidic, will quickly remove the discoloration). Also, corrosion will not be a problem if items are rinsed with boiled water and dried promptly. Because chlorine solutions break down rapidly and can lose their effectiveness, fresh solutions should be made at least daily or more often if the solution is visibly cloudy. DISINFECTANT- GLUTARALDEHYDE (Cidex7) EFFECTIVE CONCENTRATION - 2% HOW TO DILUTE-Add activator SKIN IRRITANT-yes EYE IRRITANT-yes (vapours) RESPIRATORY IRRITANT-yes CORROSIVE -no LEAVES RESIDUE - yes TIME NEEDED FOR HLD -20 minutes at 25°C TIME NEEDED FOR STERILIZATION -10 hours…show more content…
(Sterile water can be prepared by autoclaving water for 20minutes at 15 lb/sq inches in an autoclave). Step 4 :Storage: High-level disinfected or sterilized instruments and gloves immediately, or stored for up to 1week in a high-level disinfectedor sterilized container accordingly with a tight-fitting cover. If lid opened then procedure repeated after 24 hours 6. Waste disposal:  After completing a procedurecontaminated waste(e.g., gauze, cotton, disposable gloves) segregatedin a properly marked leak-proof wastecontainer (with a tight-fitting lid) or plastic bag.  Waste materials disposed of safely as per protocol either by burial or burning. Burning should preferably bedone in an incinerator or steel drum as opposed to open burning. If burning is not possible, wasteshould be put in a pit and buried but never be thrown out side or left in open pits. For waste that is to be picked up by the municipalities, these should be contained in closedcontainers prior to removal. Specific Infection Prevention Steps for the Immediate PPIUCD
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