Nick Stinnett and John DeFrain, family scholars, assert that “traditions are always linked with families because many traditions have meaning that is special to an individual family; they create feelings of warmth and closeness.”12 Ernest W. Burgess (1886-1966), Professor of Sociology, states, “Whatever its biological inheritance from its parents and other ancestors, the child receives also from them a heritage of attitudes, sentiments, and ideals which may be termed family tradition or the family culture.”13 Henry Glassie (1941- ), a folklorist, believes that family history and traditions are similar because tradition is the creation of the future out of the past. For him, family traditions are “a key to historical knowledge, to be understood as a repetition of cultural construction.”14 Both, family traditions and
“Foundation of Family” Family is the fundamental building block of all societies. It is all inclusive across generations and cultures. Based on the epic poem The Odyssey and current families today, we see that family is where we learn to love ourselves and each other, to bear one another’s burdens, to find meaning in our life and to give purpose to other’s lives, and to feel the value of being part of something greater than ourselves. Family is where we experience our biggest triumphs, deepest vulnerabilities, and where we have the greatest potential to do good. The love of a family is life’s greatest blessing.
This tells us the concept ‘family’ can be understood as ties of common understanding leadership and major decision making. Mogotlane also noted that households are usually complex and not all of the time made up of siblings from same families. With this notion it can be said that currently what makes family and household cannot only be determined by blood ties and affinal relations but networks and social support. Zweig’s
The categories of kinship are used to characterize social relationships, specific types of social behavior and particular patterns of values, expectations and beliefs. Kinship can be described as a social relationship between people rom the same group upon familial connections. In some cultures kin can also mean people who are not related by blood but related by clan, and people can go through a initiation to come in to the clan.It may also be described as a structured system of relationships in a family in which members are bound to one another by complex inter-locking ties. These social relationships can be of authority and subordination,
Family and Belonging as an Identity Although there exist many different types of the conceivable notion of family, they all serve a similar purpose of the loving, caring and supporting of members within the family. Throughout the years, ideologies surrounding the definition of the idealistic family picture and of the nuclear family within our society has been changed through further discussion and academic conclusions regarding race, class sexual orientation, and the patriarchal structures surrounding the historical families. Drawing from Bell Hooks (1990) and Michelle Owen's (2001) writings, this essay will demonstrate how similarly and differently the authors approach the idea of social constructionism of the heteronormative family in western
One no longer has a child, but instead one has children” (p.165) these children have unique characteristics and are different from one another, hence the parenting practices need to be modified. It has been seen that parents provide different treatment to children in sequence of their birth and thus, nature of relationship between the siblings are an extension of parent’s rearing techniques. Sibling relationship quality can have variations due to gender of child, age of sibling, birth order and family dynamics too. This relation can show extreme stages of love and happiness to hate and negativity. From middle childhood to early and middle adolescence the relationship with siblings change there is intimacy, bonding and closeness (Kim, McHale, Osgood & Crouter, 2006).
The modern family is more diverse and open than it was thirty years ago. There are many types of families’ arrangements (for example nuclear families, single parent families, cross generational families, foster families etc), and the differences between them are substantial and related to the social and cultural conditions. Family unit is an integral part of society and for this reason it is in the constant interaction with society. It is organized within social system and it evolves with together with its changes. The institution of the family has passed through the several stages of evolution and was influenced by many social and economic factors, which has resulted in appearance of its present form, namely the modern family.
Anthropologists identify two kinds of traditional perceptions of kinship, namely affinal kinship and consanguineal kinship. Affinal kinship is defined by the oath of marriage: Traditionally believed, when a man got married, a relationship was established with the woman which he got married to, and the woman’s family members too. Additionally, the man’s family and the woman’s family became one and therefore, a mass of family relationships were formed after the marriage. This means that the new husband of the woman becomes a son-in-law and possibly a brother-in-law, and the new wife of the man becomes a daughter-in-law, and possibly a sister-in-law. Consequently, the couple’s marriage to one another constructs a new family, that is affinal kin.
Many anthropologists and ethnographers have described kinship and its various forms. According to David Schneider, kinship is the blood relationship, the fact of shared biogenetic substances whereas for Janet Carsten, kinship is all about “relatedness”. Discussing the various forms of kinship, adoption is one of the them and consider to be the most important fictive kinship form. However, while studying adoption, we see that there are many challenges that comes with adoption. David Schneider, in his book American Kinship: A cultural account (1968), talks about “culture” of American kinship.
Even if some families come together as a group or community to produce for themselves they have to be dependent on each other and their behavior will be guided by some set of rules for efficient functioning of the system. We can see most basic universal social institution, which is family through the functional perspective. Many sociologists have regarded the family as the cornerstone of society. It is the basic unit of social organization and we can’t imagine human society without the family. Family is characterized by presence of parents, guardian, co-travelers, children bound together by emotional, physical and property.