Inevitably, She precedes to get angry at Lancelot for being adulterous, and backstabbing one of his greatest friends, the king. Queen Guinevere’s anger accidentally tosses a gem, that Lancelot had won from a tournament, results in the death of the keeper of Lancelot’s shield, Elaine. Lancelot’s blindness to see past his true love for Guinevere causes senseless pain, and exposese his weakness in the ability to handle love. His actions causes more grief when Elaine says to Lancelot, “I loved you, and my love had no return,/ And therefore my true love has been my death,” as she dies (Tennyson). Therefore, Lancelot has two major sins on him: committing adultery and indirectly causing murder. The sins in the story are made clear to the reader in order to emphasize a religious standpoint. The time period in which “Lancelot and Elaine” was written was during a time of a religious awakening particularly within the Christian religion. Literature during the Renaissance brought attention to the lack of people following God’s laws and commandments. Tennyson’s “Lancelot and Elaine” illustrates through lituret what people at the time were thinking as well as getting taught. Lancelot is molded into a character that people should avoid
Medieval times were a time when honor was valued above all other qualities. All knights, the highest models of medieval manhood, adhered to a code of chivalry. When properly followed, this code allowed men to be truly honorable. Among the qualities most highly esteemed were integrity, loyalty, and courage. The clearest examples of chivalry were King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table. The Pearl Poet vividly illustrates the concepts of chivalry in his epic poem Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, where Sir Gawain is characterized as a very honorable, chivalrous knight. Throughout the poem, Gawain’s unceasing commitment to his code of chivalry provides a protection against, thus proving the value and necessity of chivalry.
When Meleagant accuses the queen and Kay of adultery, Kay fervently avows that “I would much rather be dead than have commmitted such a base and blameworthy act against my lord” (267). Yet in direct contrast to his long agonizing over conflicts between his chivalric virutes, Lancelot exhibits no shame or remorse about the moral failure of his sleeping with Guinevere. What's more, Lancelot steps in to swear an oath on holy relics – a common practice of the twelfth century – that she did not sleep with Kay, while omitting that she did in fact sleep with Lancelot. Lancelot even fights in trial by combat to defend his assertion and the integrity of his word, even asking God to “show His righteousness by taking vengeance on whichever of us has lied” (268). Through Lancelot’s hypocritical earnestness, Chretien parodies the importance chivalry placed on reputation and piousness. Lancelot has met chivalric standards of behavior through technicalities – he technically is defending the queen’s honor against an technically untrue accusation. But a lie of omission is still a lie; Lancelot’s equivocal oath only serves to compromise his integrity, and his immorality makes a mockery of his further appeal to God. Not only is Lancelot committing the sin of adultery by sleeping with another man’s wife, he is committing it against his king, to whom he should owe fidelity above anyone else. Although a common trope in chivalric romance is the concept that the transforming power of love makes a knight into a better person, Chretien’s narrative twists that to illustrate that Lancelot’s love has arguably made him a worse
Lancelot and Gawain are two knightly figures in Sir Thomas Malory's Morte D'arthur. However, reading through the section in class, there is some evidence that shows that Sir Gawain is the bigger man compared to Sir Lancelot. For instance, in Guinevere’s presence, Sir Lancelot becomes instantly distracted and starts swooning. For instance, there is a part where Sir Lancelot is so crazy in love with Guinevere he almost falls out a window. However, Gawain comes to the rescue. Compared to Gawain, Lancelot is easily influenced by his emotions. Another example is when Lancelot asks Guinevere for a kiss after she told him she was becoming a nun. He disrespected her wish to leave her past behind and had the audacity to ask for something so selfish.
In the days of King Arthur, there was something called “Chivalry”. It was something used by Knights to instill discipline and honor. These fearless knights were to follow a strict code of conduct. If they didn’t, they were not a true knight. Because of this code of chivalry, their behavior was affected tremendously. It changed the way they acted, thought and lived. In Morte D’Arthur and Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, chivalry governed the knights’ behaviors in three ways: their respect towards women, courage, and honor.
The Medieval society was very traditional, in the aspect that men were the most dominant figure as oppose to women. Women had to learn their ‘place’ in the society. They were treated with very little respect and played a very slim role towards the country’s behalf. Her main duty was to support her husband and family and take care of all of her responsibilities. Women had very limited freedom and for the majority of the time, her father or husband would make all of the decisions on their wife/ daughter’s behalf.
Chivalric romances are often centered upon the efforts of gallant knights seeking to achieve a concept known as “true knighthood” which involves embarking on quests or adventures to obtain honor, love, and Christian virtue. The brave knights of these stories are met with many obstacles to overcome, commonly in regards to rescuing or protecting a lady. In other words, the typical role of women in this period is that of the damsel in distress or a helpless, dependent lady in need of a hero. However, the stories of Chrétien de Troyes’ Yvain, the Knight of the Lion and Friedrich Heinrich Karl La Motte-Fouqué’s The Magic Ring strays from the typical role of women as the damsel in distress. Many of the women in these stories are portrayed as strong, independent women who, in many cases, are the hero themselves. Women in Chrétien and La Motte-Fouqué’s stories are given strong roles in order to highlight and emphasize the important virtues of peace, bravery, and power which ultimately transfers the role of the hero from men to women.
Earlier on in the story, Lancelot is asked by the woman who provided him shelter if he would escort her so that she may accompany him; “sir, if you dare to escort me according to the customs and usages that have been observed in the kingdom of Logres since before our days, I will accompany you some distance along this way.’....The customs and practices at this time were such that if a knight encountered a damsel or girl alone..he would as soon cut his own throat than treat her dishonorably, if he prized his good name”(The Knight of the Cart, p. 223). Not only were ladies not thought of as being strong enough to protect themselves outside their homes, but knights were looked upon with dishonor if they did not comply with the unspoken rule to look after a woman who is alone. Guinevere also needs saving when she is taken by Meleagant. Even when she is found later on in the story, we see she has made no attempt to take matters into her own hands by leaving Meleagant and his father, King Bademagu. She spends her days waiting on a hero like Lancelot to come sweep her off her feet and return her to her kingdom. Its as if herself and other women in the story are not intelligent enough to think on their own and save themselves. Nonetheless, the mere fact that she is “in distress” and “kept away” seems to make her all the more
Throughout history, men have always dominated. They never let a woman rise to power or have the same rights. This sexism has been ingrained in society for thousands of years, so much so that it has defined some of the most famous works of literature, including A Midsummer Night’s Dream. This play was written during the Elizabethan Era, an era in which a woman had all the power imaginable (Queen Elizabeth), and yet, women were still severely discriminated against. Women had no say whatsoever in their society; they were not allowed to vote and they had very few legal rights (Papp, Joseph, Kirkland). They were could not enter the professions (lawyer, priest, doctor, etc.) and they by law, needed the permission of a husband, father, or any male-head
Sir Gawain and The Green Knight and Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales are two pieces of British literature that are incredibly interesting and thorough. Women play important roles in both of the texts. Throughout Sir Gawain and The Green Knight there are several important females present. The women being Guinevere for a short period of time, Lady Bertilak, and Morgan Le Fay. Guinevere is presented at the beginning of the text before The Green Knight barges into the castle, and is presented as the standard of beauty. Sir Gawain encounters lady Bertilak as he nears the green chapel. Lady Bertilak takes advantage of her beauty while Gawain stays in her and her husband’s, lord Bertilak, castle. While staying in the castle, Sir Gawain is presented a
“And though she be but little, she is fierce” -William Shakespeare. In today’s day and age, one of the greatest topics of debate is gender roles. It is evident everywhere, from cyberspace to the streets of home, from online petitions to marches across the country such as the Women’s March. Shakespeare lived in the Elizabethan Era of England, where Queen Elizabeth I, the virgin queen ruled. At that time in history, the status quo and social norm was simple. Patriarchy was the predominant force as men were regarded as superior to women, both in society as well as the relationship scene. Shakespeare attempted to change this perception through his multiple works of literature. In A Midsummer Night’s Dream, William Shakespeare uses the theme of gender roles to express the idea that the status quo and social norm in the Elizabethan era can be challenged through courtship, father-daughter relationships, and wedlock. The play commences with the courtship of multiple individuals.
Women have always had a significant role in history even though they were treated horrible in most cases. During the Medieval Times was really the first time women were allowed to become more than just a house wife. The fight for equality has always been a struggle and even in today’s society is still an ongoing battle. Although women of lower and middle class were treated poorly in the Medieval Times, some powerful women held great responsibility and were looked up too by both men and children; despite being admired, “men were thought to be not only physically stronger but more emotionally stable, more intelligent, and morally less feeble” (Hopkins 5).
Most women during the early middle ages were not treated properly. They were treated as housekeepers ready to serve every single one of their husband’s needs. According to society women who were not submissive to their husband where all evil. These ideas influenced many of the stories written during the early middle ages; stories such as, Beowulf, Marie de France’s Lanval, Sir Gawain and the Green Knight and The Wife of Bath. In all of these stories women were given a negative image because of the standards set for women by society. Women were not respected and often thought of sex objects that are there to make great men fall; this becomes very evident in the literature written during this time.
Men are perceived by society as the brave ones; the ones who do what must be done in times of need. Throughout Shakespeare's ‘Macbeth’, valiant actions are made in the notion that it's the manly thing to do . Consequently, Macbeth murders king Duncan as he deems it a necessary crime he must do as a man in order to fulfill his ambitions.
In the satirical novel Dealing with dragons by Patricia c.wrede.The main character cimorene is not a proper princess.She’s a brave,smart,and kind girl wants to do her own thing.Cimorene was justified in ignoring the special norms of medieval society because she simply wasn’t happy,she didn’t want to marry thendedil,and she was tired of hearing it simply wasn’t done.