He used the average household income of local African farmers as an example of the ineffectiveness of organic agriculture; however, his views have created a number of opponents to his ideas. For example, Ann Lappe, author of “Diet for a Hot Planet” had this to say, “Paarlberg doesn’t get what it means to be organic. Organic farming isn’t just about not using chemicals. Organic farmers improve output by tapping a sophisticated understanding of biological systems to build soil fertility and manage pests and weeds through techniques that include double-dug beds, intercropping, composting, manures, cover crops, crop sequencing, and natural pest control. It could be aptly dubbed ‘knowledge-intensive’ farming.” (Lappe).
There was a growth in the output of both agricultural goods and Z goods which led to a surge in rural household incomes. The rise in agricultural output and incomes led to an increase in demand for manufactured goods which was met by an “expanding rural industrial sector utilising labour intensive technology”. Consequently the rural non- agricultural activity grows and leads to better incomes for rural households which in turn increases the demand for agrarian products. In the Meiji period the increase in agricultural income led to the enhancement of health, nutritional and educational levels. “Higher expenditures on food and clothing; and increased use of modern facilities such as medical and dental clinics, trains, bicycles, telegraph and postal systems, electricity, and even entertainment forms such as motion pictures” point to an improving living standard for the overall rural population.
However, the question as to how beneficial the Agricultural Revolution was to humanity remains. Some people argue that the Agricultural Revolution offered and illusion of lavish life, but at more cost than benefit. For example, Friedrich Engels, co founder of Marxism, believed agriculture the direct cause for a loss of political innocence (Noble or Savage 2). Others argue that agricultural came as a great success for the survival of the human race, and believe it to be crucially beneficial to the development of humanity. Both arguments have their flaws and strengths, however, evidence suggests that the Agricultural Revolution benefited humanity from the perspective of a larger group, but came as a deficit to humanity from the perspective of the individual human.
The spatio temporal variation in net sown area is fluctuation in the study period. In study period net sown area was increased by 5.21 percentage of the study region. B) Land is not available for cultivation: This type of land use represents the land occupied by settlement, road, railways, industries, water bodies, gardens, play grounds, grave land etc. In the year of 1981-82 total area of land is not available for cultivation in the study region is 895 hundred hectors and it was 7.86 percentage of the total geographical area. In the year of 2011-12 total area of land is not available for cultivation in the study region is 777 hundred hectors and it was 9.02percentage of the total geographical area of study
This way of production is necessary because it’s a more efficient way to feed people. The world population is rapidly growing, and a problem that might be faced is a way to keep the world properly fed. Industrial farming is a way to “keep pace with a rapidly growing global production”. The question often asked is why industrial farming become so popular has. There are many reasons; one of the main reasons is that it’s inexpensive “with the use of factory farms, the prices of foods have drastically dropped.”(“Green Garage,”2015) The main effect for this decrease is that foods are being processed and produced at a faster rate by employing quicker, more efficient processes.
In his theory the land uses that are more intensive are normally found on high-rent close to the city, in order to minimize the costs of transporting bulky perishable goods to the market. Farmers are normally nervous to invest capital and labor in the close to the market due to the urban uses that will outbid those of agriculture. Therefore, the sequence of agricultural use becomes less intensive close to the city and more intensive as you move away from the city. The rent curve is rising with the distance from the city as the influence of the city decreases. At the corners of the areas that are concentrated of buildings or built-up areas the land is either
The effects of Urbanization on Agricultural Sector in Developing Countries Abstract: The increasing rate of the migration of the people from rural areas to urban areas in the developing countries has many effects on the infrastructure and the social system in cities. This relationship is mentioned in many research papers. But the urbanization also affects the agriculture sector, which is also the important part of economy and society of developing countries. This paper seeks to assess the impact of the urbanization on the agriculture sector in developing countries. Introduction: Overview: The small and beautiful villages in once upon a time are now turned into big cities.
At the end, I take into account the basis of this transition as the main ground of all changes. The smallest unit in this process is related to the economic life of peasants. The peasant economy has some characteristics which describe this mode of rural production. The common economic characteristics of peasant household agricultural production is about the ways by which the peasant families make use of the resources at their disposal, for production, for
1. According to this report, what factors are necessary to enable small farmers prosperity? Answer -The report “How does small farmers become prosperous?” presents some observations and questions that emerged from the case studies of small prosperous farmers. It mainly presents the following as the necessary factors to enable prosperity of small farmers. * Knowledge creation among small farming community regarding new practices, markets, capital, effective resource use (land and labor) *Access to irrigation and use of water control measures.
Many scholars pointed out that access to agricultural knowledge among farmers in developing countries has been a challenge for many years. Lwoga et al. (2010) revealed that inadequate access to agricultural knowledge limits farmers from making rational decisions regarding agricultural