Primary data can be collected through a number of different methods outlined below: Questionnaire: As observed by Collis and Hussey (2003), questionnaire is a record of wisely organised questions, selected after substantial testing, with an opinion to causing dependable replies from a selected sample. There are two types of questionnaires. First is self-administered questionnaires which are managed electronically through the internet or intranet, sent to respondents or delivered by hands to each respondent and gathered later and the second is interviewer administered, recorded on the base of each respondent's reply (Saunders et al.,
This chapter explains how and why different research methods are selected by the author. The author has made logical justification of different research methodology techniques in accordance with the aim and objectives of the research. Research methodology helps the researcher to get a systematic solution of the research problems. Kumar (2008) mentioned research methodology as the science of conducting research. Cottrell and McKenzie (2011) argued good research should be followed by the well-established previous theories.
A research methodology addresses the subjects of research design, sources of data, technique for collecting the data, and data analysis. This study will employ interpretivism and positivism as research paradigms. This is because both qualitative and quantitative research methods were used for the interviews, questionnaires, and observation in gathering and analysing the data that were collected. According to Creswell (2014) quantitative and qualitative approaches are the two basic paradigms of research. Both these methods are essential to the research process but Connaway and Powell (2010:117) point out that they require some common and some different skills.
The appropriate data collection method is focused to gather the required data. In this study, primary and secondary data has been collected by researcher. In primary data, researcher conduct surveys by using questionnaires while in secondary data; researcher conduct information by using online resources such as books, research articles and journal papers. The quantitative method for collecting data through questionnaires will be used to test statistically. The data collected in this research will be quantitative in nature thus; SPSS will be employed to test regression and correlation according to the survey
Research is the detail study of a specific problem, concern, or issue using scientific method. The research process model presented eight-step. These steps are important and crucial for every research in any case of the field and the topic. The tools and techniques used to carry out a research can be different, but every research follows the same steps, these are under below. Step 1 formulating a research problem: This step is very important step in research to general topic or problem has been identified, it is also called research problem that is, taken from just a statement about a problematic situation to a clearly defined researchable problem that identifies the issues that are trying to address.
Based on the information, data has to be put together in order to determine the relevance and usefulness of the information collected. Data obtained from a survey can be used for both descriptive and analytical studies. The information obtained from the research tools have to be valid. Validity exists when the data actually measures what they are supposed to represent. If the data fails to do so, it is misleading and should be neglected.
The tools used in this research are questionnaires, interviews and surveys. Surveys are more reliable because it covers all social classes relevant. Sample size is large as compare to qualitative method and the questions include in this research are what, when and where. It is more objective as it deals with yes and no questions, the respondents don’t have to explain or give their own opinion. This method takes less time as the interviews and questionnaires are not requiring too much detail.
Second, decide what data should be collected. Third, collect and analyze data which is followed by the fourth stage of describing the findings and finally, the fifth stage which reports and share the findings and plan for action with others” (Johnson,2005, p.21). As a result, it allows researchers to give reasoned justification of their education work to others (Kemmis & McTaggart, 2000). Research Design “A research design is the logic that links the data to be collected (and the conclusions to be drawn) ” (Yin, 2009, p24 ). The research design intended for this study is a case involving standard three students.
From these samples, the researcher can infer the basic characteristics of the defined population. The survey method helps the research to uncover data that relates to vital facts about the people such as their beliefs, attitudes and behavior. The major advantage of the survey research method is that can be administered to a large number of persons and it is also a flexible method for gathering information. Survey can be classified by methods of obtaining information. These methods include; the interview, written questionnaire