In William Shakespeare’s The Tragedy of Macbeth, Shakespeare introduces us to a man on a mission to assassinate the reigning king of Scotland, King Duncan. Through King Duncan, Shakespeare reveals Macbeth’s crude and unfiltered nature while capturing every second of Macbeth’s sadistic plan. With the use of paradox, internal character struggles, and the idea of fate, Shakespeare provides insight on what madness Macbeth created and the effect his madness has on other characters. Through the use of paradox in the play, minor details guide the path of the story to the very end. Without the use of paradox throughout the play, the play would not make any sense at all.
The play in general is about a nobleman who was once trusted and loyal to others turned into a power-hungry murderer after having a conclave with three witches. His plans to deceive the King and murder do become true but he does face many problems regarding it later. After claiming the throne to himself, Macbeth is faced with greater challenges as nobleman around Scotland try to thwart him off his reign over Scotland. In the play Macbeth also faces more problems such
His wife, Lady Macbeth telling him to chase after his ambitions, and the three witches supposedly prophesying that his ambitions will be reached. Who was responsible for the final outcome of his descent? Lady Macbeth and the three witches were major influences in his descent, but ultimately was Macbeth responsible for his own destruction? To be able to identify who is really responsible for this unfortunate outcome, one must examine each person’s role in in the play and in Macbeth’s descent into madness. It is only logical to look at the three witches first, since they were the ones who planted the ideas of being King in Macbeth’s head.
“No more that thane of Cawdor shall deceive our bosom interest: go pronounce his present death, and with his former title greet Macbeth” (1. 3. 76). The Witches used the fact “Hail to you, Thane of Cawdor” as a trick, to have Macbeth believe the prophecies are true. Macbeth finds out he will become the Thane of Cawdor and something
Here Macbeth is considering whether life is meaningful. Macbeth’s character changes greatly throughout the play, from a respected thane to a king who people want dead. Macbeth gives in to his ‘vaulting ambition’ and, encouraged by the witches and Lady Macbeth, he murders King Duncan for the power. The guilt from this greatly affects him, he thinks he should carry on this path as he is almost at the
After Macbeth slaughters King Duncan, he is named king himself and starts to get paranoid about people finding out the truth. Banquo suspects Macbeth of cheating to become king and reminds Macbeth that his own son’s will become king someday when he says, “Thou hast it now: king, Cawdor, Glamis, all, as the weird women promised, and I fear thou played’st most foully for ’t. Yet it was said it should not stand in thy posterity, But that myself should be the root and father of many kings” (Mac.3.1.1-6). Directly after that conversation, Macbeth hires murderers to kill Banquo. This is another murder that Macbeth never would have done if the witches were not to give Macbeth his
Reasons why fate is a factor to the play and how shakespeare uses fate as a strategy to create s havoc and dreadful story for the reader, is by having the three witches tell macbeth his suppose fate. This is important because if Macbeth doesn’t know he is to be “ Thane of Glamis!... Thane of Cawdor!” (I, iii, 355 ) like the witches say then Macbeth wouldn’t even dare to harm the king without reasons. But analysing the quote he is fated to be the next king which Macbeth believe his fate and at the same time struggle to even through away his loyalty to Duncan so he can be the next ruler. Another example of fate being seen in the play is when Macbeth made a decision to kill Banquo, which to Macbeth is a loyal friend who he have trusted for a long time.
Shakespeare’s timeless themes of fate and free-will interact continuously in the text in the form of decisions and torment for Macbeth. Macbeth was first sent into his downward spiral in act 1 scene 3 when the three witches “predict” that he will become the Thane of Cawdor and eventual King. Banquo and Macbeth are left stunned by the witches revelation, but it was not until Ross arrives to announce Macbeth as the Thane of Cawdor that he actually begins to believe it.When Macbeth realized he will become king, his mind automatically goes into a state of panic. He believes he will have to kill King Duncan to become king, which was not even suggested. The thought of committing such an action shook him to his very core and halted his action on the matter.
The vile witches manage to cultivate the subconscious desire to be king in Macbeth. Then, when Macbeth seeks the witches, they further equivocate, orchestrating his downfall by misleading him. The author also depicts Malcolm using equivocation to deceive MacDuff into revealing his true personality, helping him develop a valuable alliance to defeat Macbeth. From these instances of deception in Macbeth, Shakespeare shows equivocation as a weapon. Equivocation is a weapon that grants significant power over a situation to its caster by enabling them to reveal the true intentions of the victim and manipulate their action with the results depending on the intent of the equivocator.
Early in the play, Macbeth and his wife toss around the idea of killing Duncan in order to become the king of Scotland. Lady Macbeth is able to manipulate Macbeth into doing so, Macbeth begins to seem shaken and flustered because of the deed he has done to his cousin. Macbeth then becomes king as told in his prophecy by the three witches, and does what he can in his power to keep that title and begins to lose his path due to ill/rattled thoughts and actions that happen beginning with Duncan’s murder. Macbeth’s introduction in this play begins with his meeting with the three witches or weird sisters. They tell him about his prophecy of becoming thane of Cawdor and even larger, the king of Scotland.