The debate of fate vs free will controlling our decisions has gone on for centuries. It is also a prominent subject in William Ernest Henley 's poem Invictus, which strongly promotes the idea of free will in the midst of challenges, and in William Shakespeare’s beloved tragedy Macbeth. In the play, Macbeth goes through a mental deterioration, due to his actions in his quest to become king. At first, Macbeth meets three witches who give him a prophecy that he would be king, with some uneasiness and some help from his wife he kills the king and takes the throne and then continues to kill all of his threats. Fate can not be a reasoning for his actions; the idea of fate is rather a disguise for one’s results.
But yet I’ll make assurance double sure and take a bond of fate. Thou shalt not live, That I may tell pale-hearted fear it lies, and sleep in spite of thunder” (Shakespeare, 125). With all the power, Macbeth has been receiving lately he feel that he is invisible and can actually be King. As he takes the apparitions literally, his proposition is to murder Macduff’s family because he feels like it's just one more step closer to his title now that Macduff will grieve for his loss instead of fighting with Macbeth. Macbeth is not the only one who changed from humbleness to greedy, In the book The Pearl by John Steinbeck, Kino hears the song of happiness that bris safety and wholeness to his family.
“From whom this tyrant holds the due of birth.” (Macbeth, III, vi, 25). Macbeths most ambitious moment was best summarized in the last act of the play when the Three Witches give him their final prophecy. They say that, “…none of woman born shall harm Macbeth,” and “Macbeth shall never vanquished be until Great Birnam Wood…shall come against him.” (Macbeth, IV, i, 80-81,93-93). After hearing this from the witches, Macbeths believes that he cannot be killed. However, his arrogance serves him a deadly blind spot.
At first Macbeth was firm on his stance of not wanting to kill Duncan, though after several comments on his manhood Lady Macbeth, the spur to prick the sides of my intent, had convinced her husband. “More evidence of the witches control over the play is a hesitant Macbeth on his way to kill Duncan and an image of a floating dagger
Regardless of Macbeth questioning regardless of whether he ought to acknowledge the murder of Duncan, he is constantly persuaded by his wife that killing Duncan is fitting. Lady Macbeth even sees her spouse's weaknesses and uses his weaknesses to bug him into executing Duncan. This can be watched when, at one stage, Macbeth scrutinizes the thought of murdering a decent lord and trusts that the slaughtering ought not continue, his wife drives him to execute by saying hostile words. She
In the play Macbeth, by Shakespeare, a frightful prophecy is delivered to Macbeth and his comrade in arms Banqo, which threatens the future of Macbeth’s kingship. Three witches tell both that while Macbeth will become king, it is Banqo’s children who will ascend to the throne, not Macbeth’s. Macbeth fears not only this terrible prophecy but Banqo’s skillful ability to weather any storm unscathed. He also realizes the terrible decision to kill Duncan, which will not help him, but will help Banqo. Macbeth deeply regrets his murder of Duncan because he realizes that Banqos stratagem is so superior that he will have to make no sacrifices to ensure his son’s kingship, while Macbeth had to endure so much pain only to gain an unfruitful kingship.
Wouldst thou have that/ And live as a coward in their own esteem/ letting “I dare not” wait upon “I would” (I.VII.38-44). From this point, Macbeth has two of his three prophecies true and Lady Macbeth encourages him to strive for his last prophecy which is to become the king. When Macbeth is hesitating about committing evil crimes and fulfilling his prophecies. Lady Macbeth always acts as an advisor and questions him about his desires and persuade him to fulfill the prophecies to achieve his desires. She also challenges his love toward her if he is not following her opinions in which is to kill Duncan and take over his power.
Unfortunately, Lady Macbeth herself lacks the capability to kill Duncan. While she sincerely wishes she was able to complete the act, she asks the spirits if they could “unsex” her so that she would be capable of killing King Duncan (Shakespeare 32). As Lady Macbeth becomes aware of the witches’ prophecy, her ambition prompts her to develop a plan involving Macbeth murdering the king. However, she also suspects that her husband is “too full of the milk of human kindness to catch the nearest way” (Shakespeare 30), and therefore too civil to be able to seize the throne. Throughout her soliloquy that follows, Lady Macbeth finds that the only way to accomplish her goal is to manipulate her husband and convince him to go through with the murder.
All of his actions (mainly about murder) are primarily up to him and he can simply refuse the supernatural persuasions. He chooses to depend on them and this leads to many setbacks and catastrophes so it is understandable that it is his responsibility. However, if it weren’t for the supernatural, would Macbeth dare to come up with these thoughts and go forth with his actions? In the play, Macbeth tells Lady Macbeth about the witches and thus begins his long journey of murder. In his letter, he writes, “...these Weïrd Sisters saluted me and referred me to the coming on of time with ‘Hail, king that shalt be’” (1.5.8-10).
He is “fated” to become king – this is known to the weird sisters, who also know that ambition is his hamartia. In this way, they orchestrate this “hurly - burly” and are keen on watching the catastrophe unfold before them. Considering the fact that these thoughts that “shake” the “single state” of Macbeth only take place after hearing the prophecies of the weird sisters, one can deduce that his own uninfluenced ambition would not have led him to such disastrous actions. Macbeth tries to console his “black and deep” desires by telling himself that “chance” will give him the crown, but the weird sisters awake such a murderous ambition within him that he cannot tame his own mind and consequently finds himself following a “dagger of the mind” to commit an action so grievous that the trustworthy soldier within him will never have enough peace to “sleep” again. The weird sisters play an important role in the play as the uninfluenced ambition of Macbeth would not have led to disastrous actions and this has been argued with reference to Macbeth as a