They are many ways to define an a epic hero. An epic hero has characteristic like significant and glorified, is ethical and morally upright, has superior strength, intelligence, and or courage, is a strong and responsible leader and much more. These characteristics define two men who are Hector and Achilles. The two men are example of an epic hero. The better epic hero is hector because he had significant and glorified by the people.
In Homer’s The Odyssey, the importance of family and father-son relationships are evident through the exchanges between Odysseus and Telemachus. First of all, although Telemachus has never actually seen his father, her goes on a journey across the sea in order to find news of Odysseus. Telemachus’s bravery and courage to know of his father’s whereabouts shows the connection between father and son. Telemachus’s actions show how the Greeks value not only bravery but also being loyal to the family. Second of all, while taking revenge upon the suitors, Odysseus is about to kill the minstrel singer when Telemachus asks him to have mercy and, believing his son, allows the man to live.
“Ralph wept for the end of innocence, darkness of man’s heart, and the pull through the air of truly a wise friend called Piggy” (Golding 184). Ralph and Samneric ran from the now advancing boys, they caught Samneric and vowed to kill Ralph. Jack’s growing fear was Ralph gaining back his power, so he sent forth to destroy the fear. In the process of blind rage and savagery they hunt for Ralph, they burn the island in search for him. They chase Ralph to the island end only to find the rescue that they so longed for.
However, as Polyphemos attacked the ship with rock, Odysseus again made to yell back to the beast. Around him, his crew muttered, “‘Godsake, Captain!/Why bait the beast again? Let him alone!’” (Book 9, Lines 537 - 538) All the crew wanted was to get out safely. They realized that Odysseus needn’t “bait the beast again.” They ask “Captain!, Why” for they see Odysseus is merely being cocky. Yet, Odysseus ignores them and respond to the monster by shouting “Kyklops,/if ever mortal man inquire/how you were put to shame and blinded, tell him/Odysseus, raider of cities, took your eye:/Laertes’ son, whose home is Ithaca!” (Book 9, Lines 548 - 552) Odysseus makes a very large tactical mistake; he tells Polyphemos’ that his is “Odysseus … Laertes’ son.” Odysseus demonstrates recklessness and selfishness because he wishes to take credit for “put[ing] Polyphemos to shame”.
Amir’s cowardice and selfishness is seen best in this same situation. Amir is paralyzed the moment he sees Hassan in the alley, surrounded by the bullies. He knows that Assef is about to rape his best friend. However, instead of standing up for him like a true friend would, he just stands there frozen. “I actually aspired to cowardice, because the alternative, the real reason I was running, was that Assef was right: Nothing was free in this world.” Amir sees the blue kite as a way to win over his father’s love and respect and is therefore concerned with his own interest only, finding it more important than the price Hassan has to pay.
Since Polyphemus refuses to give Odysseus hospitality, there is no chance of civility and this will not help Odysseus, only hurt him. To prove Polyphemus’ incivility even more, he asks where Odysseus boat is so he can destroy it. Another example of negative hospitality is the suitors blatant disrespect for Penelope’s good hospitality.
273-275). This shows Telemachus being weak, because he has lost all hope for his father and his return and he also holds belief that his father, Odysseus is dead. This proves that Telemachus is still a boy in the beginning because, he is showing weakness by giving up and believing that Odysseus is dead and will never return. Another example of Telemachus being weak in the beginning is that he continues to lose hope and doubt his father 's return to Ithaca. Telemachus says, “Eurymachus, clearly my father 's journey home is lost forever/ I no longer trust in rumors from the blue/ nor bother with any prophecy, when mother calls/ some wizard into the house to ask him questions” (1.
After defeating the Cyclops and heading back out into the sea he stood on his ship mocking the Cyclops. When escaping the cave he chose the wooliest ram for himself which shows selfishness. He also leads his men into their own fates. Circe had warned Odysseus about Scylla to not try and fight her even when she already has six of his men, but he did not listen to her advice and tried to fight her and lost three more of his men. Once back to Ithaca there were many suitors insulting him, his wife, son, house, and the gods and begging for Penelope’s hand in marriage.
Homer introducing Odysseus as “who had endured the long war and the sea” in place of “the great tactician” or any other epithets is significant. It reminds the audience of his power and abilities which makes the reader sense that he is really doubting himself not his father. Odysseus asks Telémakhos to “suppose” that they have the protection of Athena and Zeus, then why would he have to make great effort to think about this matter. By providing some assurance to his son with reminding him that not only your great father is on your side but also Athena and Zeus, his tone has changed. The way Odysseus replies to Telémakhos’ concern feels like he is mocking his child for thinking in a cowardly manner which is not man-like to Greeks.
With the heroic light the people of Thebes have him under, he gladly baths in it. In an obstinate fashion he tells his subjects he will rid the kingdom of the plague by finding King Laius’ killer and goes forth to do so. This leads him to look to Tiresias, a prophetic man without sight. Oedipus then commands to get answers that will help him uncover the mystery of the death of the previous King. Tiresias respectively rejects to answering the questions remembering his place but Oedipus forges on his path for answers and an argument ensues: “…You are blind in mind and ears as well as in your eyes” (Sophocles 391-392).
He then holds a grudge on Ralph for acquiring the position of chief, leading to an unhealthy relationship between him and Ralph. Similarly, the crave for power and domination over others can result in the downfall of relationships. After Jack attempts to overthrow Ralph out of his chief status and fails, “I’m not going to be a part of Ralph’s lot-…. I’m going off by myself” (Golding 127). Since Jack’s craving for dominance over others cannot be fulfilled, Jack acts in an immature manner by walking away from everyone who he deems to be disloyal to him.