Locke And Bourgeoisville Analysis

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John Locke and John Stuart Mill’s dilemma in swimming to the islands of Fatherland and Bourgeoisville demand them to consider several key elements of each civilization. The island of Fatherland reflects a Fascist regime and is led by a dictator. Bourgeoisville is an industrial capitalist society, where there is a revolution brewing in the working class. Despite their different views on equality and the role of government, Locke and Mill both will swim to Bourgeoisville. This decision would stem from their ideological parallels, specifically the importance of property, as well as the potential for revolution. A consideration for Locke and Mill in their comparison of the islands is the core purpose of government on each island, and how this…show more content…
In Benito Mussolini’s “The Doctrine of Fascism”, he describes the Fascist state as “the highest and most powerful form of personality, is a force, but a spiritual force, which takes over all the forms of moral and intellectual life of a man” (Ideals and Ideologies, pg. 376). This description of Fascism indicates a government that is involved in the lives of its citizens to an extreme degree. Mussolini continues his explanation of Fascism in saying “It cannot therefore confine itself simply to the functions of order and supervision as Liberalism desired.” (Ideals and Ideologies, pg. 376) By addressing the contrast between Fascism and Liberalism, Mussolini highlights the dramatically different expectations for government each has. This statement is significant because it signals a conscious rejection of Liberalism, which is the political ideology of Locke and Mills. The contrast between the Liberal ideals for government and the execution of government in Fatherland, Locke and Mills would view the government control in Fatherland as an overstep of government and would likely be hesitant to swim to Fatherland because of this conflict of…show more content…
In Bourgeoisville, the official government consists of a King and Lords. The political situation in Bourgeoisville have evolved from a civilization of “loosely connected provinces, with separate interests, laws, governments, and systems of taxation” (Ideals and Ideologies, pg. 265). This previous system allowed for government more varied interests and where the Bourgeoisie class could not be politically dominant. However, Marx states that the government in Bourgeoisville has experienced a shift in which these provinces have become “lumped together into one nation, with one government, one code of laws, one national class-interest” (Ideals and Ideologies, pg. 265) This shift indicates a weakening of the government interest in the working classes, and an increase in the political power of the Bourgeoisie class. Marx claims that the Bourgeoisie have gained “exclusive political sway. The executive of the modern state is but a committee for managing the common affairs of the whole bourgeoisie” (Ideals and Ideologies, pg. 263). This quote indicates the extent to which the government is influenced by the Bourgeoisie and how their interests overshadow those of the working class. Therefore, the role of government in Bourgeoisville is one where the interest of the working class

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