The Huffington Post says, “The U.S. incarcerates nearly seven times as many people, measured as a share of population, as Canada does. People of color are disproportionately represented in the American prison population and are typically punished more severely than white peers for the same crimes” (Daniel Marans). Racism against people of color has caused them to be represented poorly in society as potential criminals, especially black. MIT informs its viewers that “according to the United States census Bureau, blacks are twice as likely to be poor compared to other races, and eight times as likely to be imprisoned. Blacks are also three times more likely to be convicted of drug violations than whites.
Many people question what happens behind bars to those who have committed Federal crimes. Are these criminals days filled with eating, being locked up in their cells and an hour outside a day? For many this might be true, but for the inmates in Otisville, N.Y. their days are much different. Otisville has been greatly recognized as having developed one of the best educational programs in Federal prison systems. This reason pertains to the fact that over half of the inmate population is enrolled.
Elderly prisons are two to three times more expensive than younger offenders, they could be up $72,000 per year for medical care and housing. Most of the elderly are in prison for different cases. 14% are sentenced for fraud, larceny, burglary, breaking and entering, and traffic and public violations. 26% sentenced for drug crimes and 65% are non-violent, property
It has led to a rise in the recidivism rates of prisoners. Recidivism refers to the repetition of criminal behavior (James, 2011). According to the United States Bureau of Justice 2010 statistics report, three-quarters of released prisoners are constantly rearrested for new crimes and more than half of these go back to prison in a period of two to three years after their release. Ex- inmates account for an approximated 19 percent of all arrests (Phelps, 2013, p.55). Criminals who return to the community are also most of the times worse off after a period of confinement than when they entered.
Most inmates seen repeatedly coming in and out of jail? (revolving doors) b) If they are trying to make prisons so bad, why are 3 out of 4 prisoners returning within 5 years (Bureau of Justice) II. Population- what is it made up of? a) As of 2014 there is 1,561,525 people in jail (BJS) b) 1,448,564 men c) 112,961 women d) Why do we have the most incarcerated people? III.
Prison Overcrowding in America In our country today, we account for roughly five percent of the world’s population, yet we hold over twenty-five percent of the globe’s inmate population. According to John Irwin, we currently imprison more people for lesser crimes than any other country in the world. In 1987 alone, our prison population rested steadily at just 500,000 incarcerated inmates in the U.S. Although in the past twenty-seven years, the American prison population has actually quadruped to almost 2.4 million (Pratt, 2009). With that being said, we as a nation hold the highest recidivism rates compared to any other country.
Reflecting on this, an aspect that stands out is the date of 1993. Over twenty-four years ago, a prominent issue regarding rehabilitation for inmates remains the same. Over half of the people incarcerated experience withdrawal from an addiction though prisons turn away when there are clearly people in need. When proper treatment and rehabilitation is denied, inmates with serious addictions or mental disabilities continue to worsen. “About 85 percent [of California prisoners] are substance abusers.
Overcrowding Prisons In 1980, almost 200 years after prisons were first used as a criminal sanction, there were only 316,000 sentenced prisoners under state or federal jurisdiction. In only thirty years, from 1980 to 2010, the number of prisoners increased by almost 500 percent, to more than 1.6 million inmates. (Seiter, 2014, p. 130) Most of our prisons are filled with offenders that have not actually committed violent crimes. Many individuals are in jailed because they committed a crime that involved drugs or for getting a DUI. People with these types of offenses should be sentenced to a rehabilitation program.
“Congressional findings in the Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 posited that juveniles were five times as likely to be sexually assaulted in adult rather than in juvenile facilities - often within their first 48 hours of incarceration. Youth advocacy groups report that juveniles housed in adult facilities are 36 times more likely to commit suicide” (Parsell). This hostile environment leaves a lasting impression on a young prisoner's personality, making assimilation into
“The number of teenagers under eighteen arrested for murder has risen over one hundred fifty percent from 1985 to 1994. Id. This is a disturbing trend, especially in light of the fact that Justice Department surveys consistently show that less than half of all crime, including crimes of violence, is reported to the police.” ("102. Juvenile Crime Facts.") These statistics are alarming and it makes a big issue for our society.