Fatty Acids In The Kite Runner

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At the start of the race where the runner is at rest and before commencing running, energy in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is used to fuel metabolic reactions and functions. Muscle is mostly using fat at rest as an energy source, which is indicated on the great metabolic race graph that approximately 67% of fat and 33% of carbohydrates are used for energy consumption. Fats, which are also called triglycerides, are composed of three monomers of fatty acids attached to the three OH group of the glycerol. Additionally, it is a very good energy storage and stores more enegy than glycogen. In order for cells to energy stored in triacylglyceride, mobilization of triacylglyride into fatty acids and glycerol, activation of acetyl-CoA and their subsequent transport to the mitochondria and finally degration of fatty acid into acetyl-CoA and generation of ATP. Triacylglycerol is broken down into glycerol and fatty acids by the enzyme triacyglyceride lipase. The fatty acids binds to serum albumin and travels through the bloodstream to the mitochondria while the glycerol travels to the liver for metabolism because the fatty acids of the triglyceride is insoluble in water and therefore cannot travel through the bloodstream. The…show more content…
A total 8 cycles takes place in the citric acid cycle which begins with acetyl CoA that condenses with oxaloacetate to produce citrate and at the end of the CAC cycle oxaloacetate is generated again for another cycle. In CAC 2 CO2, 1 GTP, 3 NADH and 1 FADH is produced. CAC is highly exergonic with –50.3 KJ/mol. Acetyl CoA condenses with oxaloacetate that produces 2CO2 and oxaloacetate. 3 NAD+ +6e- + 6H+ is used to produce 3 NADH + 3H+. Similarly, FAD + 2e- +2H+ is also used to synthesise FADH2 and GTP is formed from GDP + Pi. These energy carrier will enter the electron transport chain to produce
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