The oath is a swear in which the one speaking or participating in the trial must tell nothing but the truth. If one breaks this deep oath, they can be charged with the crime of perjury, which is a serious crime that can result in five years of imprisonment. In To Kill a Mockingbird, on page 231, Bob Ewell states, “-I seen that nigger yonder ruttin’ on my Mayella!” On this page, Mr. Ewell is explaining what happened on the day of the crime. When explaining his story, which Atticus proves if full of lies, he exclaims that he saw Tom Robinson raping his daughter. It is also stated that Mayella had bruises on the right side of her face which indicates that a left-handed person must have hit her.
Daniel Holtzclaw is an ex-Oklahoma City officer who is convicted of rape along with other several charges after he brutally abused many African American women over the course of six months. Daniel Holtzclaw was sentenced to 263 years in prison for the charges filed against him. Holtzclaw was convicted for 18 of 36 counts which included first-degree rape. Holtzclaw’s adamant lawyers tried to start a new trial by stating that there was not enough evidence but it was a lost cause although they did not want to accept it. There were several of Holtzclaw’s victims who obstinately spoke out about their abuse done by Holtzclaw himself.
However, the main contributing cause to his wrongful conviction was eyewitness misidentification. According to Walker (2015), eyewitness misidentification is the leading cause of wrongful convictions with “72% of cases being wrongfully convicted based on eye witness testimony.” Another thing I noticed while looking at The Innocence Project, which was also discussed in the book, was racial bias. In the book, they mentioned “wrongful convictions involve a strong racial disparity, with 62 percent of the Innocent Projects 302 cases involving African Americans.”
Some Attica prisoners began to identify themselves as political prisoners rather than convicted criminals. These events were the perfect concoction to create a four-day mass riot. The Monroe Fordham Regional History Center’s “Attica NOW!” collection contains interviews of Attica inmates who recount daily mistreatment from guards and rules that were abused by guards to punish inmates. These interviews also talk about the lack of educational opportunities and the fact that they were forced to perform slave labor (Slade). During the 1960’s and 1970’s President Nixon declared a war on drugs causing the demographic of criminals to shift as Attica was now a dumping ground for African Americans and Hispanics facing drug charges, causing Attica to become overcrowded, and increased the already poisonous racial atmosphere in the prison.
Now you may state that being accused of rape does not mean you will be murdered. Although this is a very good argument, it does not apply in this situation due to the novel being set in Alabama 1930s and Robinson being African American it was a racist and segregated period of time. Textual evidence that supports my claim is "I seen that black nigger yonder ruttin ' on my Mayella!". This piece of textual evidence proves my claim because it shows how Mr. Ewell lied and accused Robinson of raping Mayella. Although throughout the novel it is suspected that Mr. Ewell raped Mayella but there is nothing set in stone saying whether he did or not.
All of the Miranda Rights came to be, due to the case Miranda v. Arizona (1966). Ernesto Miranda was accused of rape and kidnapping. He was a poor, uneducated man who didn’t know much about law and his rights. After his questioning, Miranda confessed to the crimes, his confession was used against him in trial, and he was found guilty of both crimes. He was sentenced to prison for thirty years.
Simpson was guilty (Gregory 1). Americans were completely spilt based on race and it is because the meaning of the trial varied between the races. To white Americans this was a double homicide were two murders must be brought to justice to black Americans this was this conspiracy for the character assassination of O.J. Simpson and way to bring down someone who was symbol of black success in America. When the jurors were a majority black they ruled not guilty and when the jurors were a majority black they convicted Simpson(Enomoto).
As stated in the Marshall Inquiry there is a list of findings that the commissioners developed that proved that Marshall was wrongfully convicted. “Marshall was Native which was a factor in his wrongful conviction and imprisonment. Marshall did tell the truth about the events when first interviewed by the police about the stabbing but later in the trial being accused of perjury when he made his testimony. Immediate police response and the investigation done by MacIntyre were inadequate, incompetent, and unprofessional. MacIntyre without any evidence made Marshall the main suspect and accepted only evidence that supported that theory.
In the U.S.A alone since 1973 130 innocent people have been sentenced to death(1) and in the last two years evidence has come up that indicates four men previously thought to be guilty may have actually been innocent and put to death(3). The death penalty is supposed to protect innocent people from killers, instead it murders them. And these are the people who have been discovered to be innocent! What about the ones who were not so lucky? A recent example of this is Richard Glossip a man who was sentenced to death based on a corrupt statement with no other evidence to prove him guilty (5).
Since the earliest civilizations, people have been executed for an assortment of crimes. The Babylonians wrote the first ever death penalty laws over 3,700 years ago, and to this day several countries such as China and the United States continue to enforce capital punishment against those proven guilty of murder, treason, espionage and other crimes. Despite its extensive history, the implementation of the death penalty in modern societies raises an underlying question: Is the execution of criminals truly justifiable? Proponents of capital punishment claim that it dissuades criminals from committing extreme crimes. Potential murderers will be much less inclined to kill for fear of being executed, while criminals with no intent to kill would
In her book, The New Jim Crow, Alexander argues the discrimination of jury selections which is an unfair of treatment for people of color under the law (The Fourth Amendment). Moreover, she provides more information about the juries and juror race-based selection in the justice system. The statistical shows that there is approximately 30 percent of black man are automatically banned or rejected from the jury service and many cases all black jurors are eliminated with the irrational explanations, such as the physical appearance, clothing style, and even marital status (Alexander, 2012). She also reports the interesting case of the two black men who was convicted of second degree robbery in a Missouri court. In addition, she emphasizes that during
The hit podcast “Serial”, hosted by Sarah Koenig, is about a man sentenced to jail for first degree murder of “Hae Min Lee”, named “Adnan Syed.” The question is, did he do it? Based on the facts, rumors told in the podcast, and discussions with my peers, I believe that Adnan Syed was rightfully convicted to his crime of murdering “Hae Min Lee” beyond a reasonable doubt. The is biggest suspect to the case is rightfully deserved to be Adnan. He is a strong and tall muslim man, (who’s also a bit of a narcissist shown by telling people he’s innocent for years), perfectly capable of strangling Hae. He was Hae’s ex-boyfriend which gave him a motive, killing her because Hae broke up with him.