Using psychological manipulation and fear through war, falsehoods, and torture, Big Brother retains absolute control over one’s thoughts and actions, and thus strips the individual of humanity. Although the society illustrated in George Orwell’s novel seems implausible, Orwell aimed to reflect certain aspects of the time period in which he lived and warn readers of the impending future he foresaw. The rise of tyrannical governments during the 1940s, such as Hitler in Germany and Stalin in Russia, fueled Orwell’s paranoia and thus resulted in Big Brother, the representation of totalitarian government he predicted could arise. This, along with the seemingly constant warfare and the inherent loss of highly valued democratic ideals provoked Orwell’s allegory as a way to warn the general public. As a result of the communist and fascist dictatorships of Orwell’s time, 1984 sought to reflect the tactics of manipulation, fear, and stripping one’s individuality employed to control the population by illustrating the principal theme of totalitarianism.
Through the use of art, Hitler promoted the view that the primary creative impulse was more of political than artistic . The work of art can be a very powerful weapon in influencing and changing what people believe in and love. People enjoy various forms of art and, therefore, artists have the power to manipulate the beliefs and the desires of people visually. Most politicians before the 21st century such as Hitler used art to gain the support of people as well as to control their beliefs. Art can also change the morals of people positively or negatively depending on the message the artists are trying to convey.
Thus, the audience is informed that the totalitarian government has a vast amount of capabilities, that can be used ultimately to control the minds of individuals in 1984. Orwell wrote the Juvenalian satire, 1984 in the year 1948, as during the time period the world was recovering from the effects of war. INGSOC was the political philosophy adopted when the socialist party began to rule, the use of language was a common pathway for a government to manipulatively control their people. Newspeak, aims to eliminate any thought opposed to the party, which was an allegory of the ways in which World War leaders attempted to manipulate their people. Newspeak establishes all the knowledge, meanings and values and ultimately uses it to manipulate the
This shows what a horrific world Winston lives in. Anything that someone thought of had to be in accordance with the party’s regime, anything else would be considered a thoughtcrime and would be punished severely. Considering the mechanisms of control and the possibilities of freedom that follow we will explore the extent to which George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four is a pessimistic and dystopian novel. The first mechanism of control that we will explore is Newspeak. Newspeak is the language that was created and enforced by Big Brother, the controlling party in the novel, to control and restrict the way in which party members think.
George Orwell, through his novel, "1984" warns the readers of a country or a state of such a society where totalitarianism takes up. The progressing technology and the production of influential intellectuals and thinkers are positive aspects of a society but when the use of such produces are made in a wrong way then the world can become a horrible place. The emphasis is brought on by Winston being shot in the end and Big Brother continuing to rule Oceania in the same way. Where truth does not
The most obvious one regards the way the government uses the military power of the right wing groups for its purposes, but eventually this group (in this case Duke Red and the Marduk) takes power in its hands, overthrowing the legitimate government and establishing a dictatorship. The fact that the labor force is also misguided into revolting and eventually betrayed is another metaphor of the way governments occasionally use the proletariat. Both of the aforementioned concepts have a distinct connection to the events that unfolded in Weimar Germany, who witnessed the horrors and the aftermath of the First World War, only to plunge again into a political chaos that eventually brought Hitler and the Nazis in rule. Issues of racism and discrimination are also included and represented by the concept and the situation of the
The short story centers around ‘The Apparatus’, which is the main ‘power’ device, and the characters’ roles are based in relation to it. A notorious British Politician, Lord Acton, famously said, “Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely”, which contributes to the idea that the power the apparatus has, leads to the downfall of The Officer through the absolute corruption of the old Commandant and The Officer’s regime on the colony. Franz Kafka’s writings lead readers to believe that they contain ‘Kafkaesque’ qualities. Merriam Webster defines ‘Kafkaesque as having a nightmarishly complex, bizarre, or illogical quality’ (Webster). In the Penal Colony does indeed possess a fair share of these qualities, however, when broken down, the elements of sovereignty, rebellion, and textuality are all
However, there is an abundance of one thing which is the telescreen - a surveillance device and propaganda tool. In their dual capability to blare constant propaganda and observe citizens they symbolize how totalitarian governments abuse technology for their own ends in order to exert large-scale control on economic production and sources of information. The imagery of this extreme bureaucratized reality, in which man is a number and loses all sense of individuality, brings forward a mixture of unlimited terror combined with ideological and psychological manipulation. The masses of this complex mechanism of absolute control and surveillance
Analysis and Reflection on Nazi Revolution “Deliberate before you begin, then execute with vigor”. Hitler followed this folk adage and implements it well. However, his behavior is not in a good faith. It is hard to imagine that an ineducation person took the whole country as a war apparatus to achieve his horrible goal. Human beings need to reflect on that terrifying disaster.
The fact that Big Brother targets young people, in particular, and tries to brainwash them into loving the party, is similar to Hitler’s attempts to get young people on his side and to get them involved in his conquest. This is one of the main ways in which Big Brother gains control over Oceania. By targeting the younger generation, they can be sure that they do not have many previous thoughts and are not as logical as adults, to work out when Big Brother has twisted the truth or tried to cover up the past. They also make the party appeal to the children, by having songs, processions, banners and celebrations and even turn them against their parents, by encouraging children to turn their parents in for the slightest clue against loving the party. Big Brother seemed like a big game for children and it was a way for them to let out their ferocity against real enemies to the party.