Quite some time after Hamlet discovered Claudius was his father 's killer. Some historians and literary experts would say Hamlet 's strong religious believes held him back from performing this sinful deed. Others say that Hamlet was a melancholic and therefore was too depressed to kill his uncle. Infamous psychologist, Sigmund Freud, felt Hamlet suffered from an oedipal complex and could not kill Claudius because he himself wished to be in Claudius ' royal position. Hamlet delays in killing Claudius not only because he 's suffering from an Oedipal complex but also because his basic sanity keeps him from killing Claudius.
William Shakespeare’s Hamlet intricately weaves in a dualistic the theme of cowardice and bravery in the spiralling plot revolving around the palpable effects of King Hamlet’s death. The young prince, distraught by the recent death of his beloved father as well as his mother’s hasty marriage to his uncle, oscillates between decisions “to be or not to be.”*to act or not to act- Throughout the majority of the play, Prince Hamlet fails to take action, hence remaining in a state of neither being or not being. Hamlet’s emotional state, in turmoil due to grief and rage, further deteriorates after the unanticipated appearance of the Ghost of King Hamlet in the first Act. After hearing the Ghost’s story in which the present king, Claudius, is King
He cannot even fight for a worthy cause dear to his heart, but Fortinbras’ men die for a meaningless reason. Shakespeare uses particular words such as “death” (4.4.55), “danger dare” (4.4.55), “eggshell” (4.4.56), and “honor” (4.4.59) to show that Fortinbras’ men are braver than Hamlet since they take action. For this, Hamlet is irritated since they are fighting for an eggshell, a simple and useless item. However, this irritation sparks a realization which allows a powerful ending to the soliloquy. Hamlet vows to only have “bloody” (4.4.69) thoughts.
In the past scene, he made Horatio swear to keep his secret. He did not want anyone knowing about his encounter with his father’s ghost. This shows that Hamlet can not be acting mad. He believes that one should not perform a role, but actually become the person they are pretending to be. This shows in his stunt when instead of pretending to be mad, he becomes mad in all
Another reason why Hamlet is not sure on whether or not he wants to take his own life, is that he is also afraid of what is to come after death. Through all of the contemplating and countless hours of sorrow, Hamlet finds the will to live. This is significant because it shows the change in Hamlet from the beginning of the play. Shakespeare is suggesting something very specific through Hamlet in the middle part of the play. The suggestion made is that people are “in the mind to suffer”(3.1.65), and if someone can get through the tough times in life, it can only go forward and get better from there.
Displacement mechanism refers to the situation whereby an object of interest is replaced with another (McLeod, 2013). The fact that Hamlet tries to substitute Gertrude with Ophelia signals his Ego`s attempt to suppress his Id and adhere to the reality principle. The reality principle would advocate Ophelia as a better candidate for him and for the satisfaction of his impulses. Ernest (1922) calls Hamlet`s feelings for Ophelia “obscure” and his “unconscious attempt to play her off against his mother.” Whether Hamlet loved Ophelia or not, remains debatable, however, Hamlet is unable to hide behind the illusion and safety valve that Ophelia provides. His pent up frustration against his mother results in an outburst against Ophelia whereby Hamlet verbally assaults her- “go thee to a nunnery.” Ophelia is also guided by her Id since she desires Hamlet and upon being abused by the latter, she loses her sanity and her will to live, showing the reign of Thanatos, thus, prompting her suicide.
The true question is will Hamlet ever get his revenge or will he delay until it is too late? Hamlet is presented with several opportunities to pursue his vengeance, but delays each time for multiple reasons in which reveal his true nature. There are many reasons Hamlet restrains from killing Claudius. Firstly, Hamlet does not know whether the ghost should be believed or if it is just the devil in disguise trying to trick him. This is a valid reason because if the ghost is the devil, then Hamlet’s soul will be damned to the Hell.
Despite knowing that he will be punished for fighting and harming Tybalt, when Tybalt tells Romeo he is going to die, Romeo responds saying, “This shall determine that.” He then fights Tybalt and kills him. Romeo chooses to ignore Prince Escalus’ rule that the Capulet and Montague families shall not fight, and is in turn banished from Verona. This makes everything between Juliet and himself difficult as he is so far away. If Romeo had not been banished, he and Juliet may have had a better chance at being happy together and the tragedy may not have occured. Finally, Romeo also displays his inability to listen to adults when Peter, a servingman of the Capulets talks to Romeo about a party the Capulets are holding.
/ ‘Glamis hath murdered sleep’" (2.2.42-42). This has caused Macbeth to become paranoid that the whole house is now aware that he is a murderer. If his actions are exposed, then everything he had done would be for naught and he would suffer great consequences. Even though he knows that the voices could not be real, it arouses much fear for what he has done. This "disorder and moral darkness into which Macbeth [has] plung[ed] himself" (Knights 41) into is still a little unsettling to him.
In the soliloquy in Act three Scene 1 of Macbeth by Shakespeare, Macbeth talks to himself about the problems of being a king and he is afraid of what might happen to him. Macbeth also talks about how Banquo was his friend and how Banquo is the only person he fears. Macbeth’s predicament in the soliloquy is that he is afraid of losing his crown and that Banquo will get in his way. This is important because Macbeth does not trust anyone anyone because he does not feel safe and is convinced that the wrong thing are actually good. Through the literary devices of metaphor and personification, it will help us demonstrate Macbeth’s predicament.