Features Of Romanesque Architecture

1091 Words5 Pages
Romanesque Architecture is an architectural style in medieval age of Europe. Just like the name itself, it is based on Roman 's architecture style. Alongside with Gothic, Romanesque is one of the great movements of Medieval Art. There is no exact beginning date of this architecture style but it is proposed to be prevailing from 10th to the 12th Century. One of the distinctive features of this style is its round arches. There are three main factors contributing to the emergent of Romanesque Architecture- the Crusade, Pilgrimage and Monasticism. Examples of Romanesque Architecture such as simple domestic buildings, elegant town houses, castles, churches and cathedrals can be found across Europe such as in France, Spain, Portugal and United Kingdom.…show more content…
Through their pilgrimage, they wish to atone their sins and win salvation. At the same time, they could glorify god and promote Christianity. Therefore, we see a enormous increase in demand of churches. The design of Churches/ Cathedrals were also based on the need of pilgrim. They were built larger to accommodate more people. In the eleveth and twelfth century, Monasticism was the main factor driving the unique arts and culture in Europe. New orders such as Cistercia, Cluniac, Carthusian and monasteries were established throughout Europe. With economic prosperity, political stability and increase in population, building activity increased for the next two centuries. With the flux in number of priests and monks, and pilgrims who came to worship, Churches ' design adapted the style of Roman basillica with a nave, lateral aisles, apse and transept. Churches on the route of pilgrimsage included a gallery allowing the travellers to walk around the sanctuary. There were also a series of chapels for priests to say Mass concurrently. Since the fall of Roman Empire, for the first time, monumental sculpture cover churches facades, doorways and…show more content…
It begins its construction in 1093 and took around 40 years to complete. Till now, there is a skilled team of craftsmen caring and take care of this building. The Durham Cathedral was built as a monastic cathedral for a community of Benedictine monks. It is one of the monastic buildings that survived and the only cathedral that retained most of its Norman craftsmanship in England. The nave, quire and transepts are all in Norman style and the nave boast is said to be the world 's first structural pointed
Open Document