Features Of Urbanization

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Compare and contrast the main characteristics of the urbanization process in the First and Third World Introduction Observing the expansion of cities, development of central business district as the core of a city and huge population migrating into more-developed urban area, we can deduce that we have been under the influence of urbanization. Urbanization—known as the major trend after the 18th century’s Industrial Revolution— basically refers to the rise in proportion of the total population living in urban areas (Pacione, Michael, 2009). Under globalization, boundaries of countries being blurrier, the process of urbanization seems to be inevitable, whilst proceeding differently in First and Third World countries. And so, in this essay,…show more content…
in the pre-industrial period, there are over 80% of the population living in rural areas(E J Hobsbawm, 1999). With the advent of the revolution in the 18th century, small-scale economic activities and agriculture industry was transited into intense manufacturing industrial processes, restructuring the body of the society. Starting in Britain, thanks to the improvement of farming technology like irrigation system and invention of stem train etc., there was a surplus in domestic farm production, which then led to commercialization of agricultural industry. (history.com: industrial revolution) Besides, the transportation network became accessible, hence facilitating people’s travel from rural areas to the city to sell their crops and find other jobs with higher salaries. That then led to the influx of rural citizens to the more developed urban areas, resulting in urbanization in form of the rural-to-urban migration. It is noted that the London city has expanded, from the population of 2 million in 1840 surging to 5 million in 1880 (E J Hobsbawm, 1999), and the industrialization hence urbanization in the western European countries gradually spread to North America and the third world countries. This best exemplify the correlation, that the 18th century Industrial Revolution acted as a vital pushing force, leading the world towards urbanization. However, to be specific, there was already an apparent difference between First Worlds and Third Worlds at…show more content…
2 and railroads of northern Britain, starting of the hustle and bustle industrialization. Industrialization also required infinite manpower. The enclosure movement, in which affluent landlords bought out small farms and forced those people out of their livelihood, provided steady supply of workers. As a result, together with the more accessible transportation, masses of people moved to the industrial cities to find jobs, causing the major shift in Britain’s population, as well as accelerating economic growth go First World Countries between 1750 and 2000 (fig 2), labelling the embarkation and development of

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