In one hand, the Articles of Confederation had a weak central government, differing form the strong central government in the Constitution. The Constitution’s government had a structure of three different branches; the legislative, executive, and judicial branch; unlike the Articles of Confederation that had no structure whatsoever. The Articles of Confederation had many problems like, the poor international trade, poor foreign relations and a weak economy in contrast to the Constitution that only had one problem, the struggle over the ratification. the Articles of Confederation achieved the Northwest Ordinance and the Northwest Territory and according to a history website, the Constitution achieved that we had a system of checks and balances, that we had a bill of rights, and, eventually, the survival of a bloody civil war intact. Lastly, the Constitution had three compromises: the Great Compromise, the Three-Fifths Compromise and the Slave Trade compromise.
At the time, the vast majority of European states were monarchies, with political power held either by the monarch or the aristocracy. Lynn (1999) shares that democracy presupposes the existence of three types of rights, political, economic and social: the right to participate in the political process; to enjoy a fair distribution of resources; and to be free from oppression (p.129). A liberal democracy has many features, namely: (1) They right to rule is gained through success in regular and competitive elections based on universal adult suffrage; (2) Constraint on government imposed by a constitution, institutional checks and balances and protections for individual and minority rights and lastly; (3) A vigorous civil society including a private enterprise economy, independent trade unions and a free press (Haywood, 2013, p. 270). 3.5 A clear example of a liberal democratic state would be South Africa. Liberal traditions began to form in South Africa from 1990-to date.
Even though we tend to only see the unfavorable effects of colonization, British colonizers have had both positive and negative impacts on Nigeria’s traditional society by influencing its political structure, economy and education. British colonialism destabilized Nigeria’s political system. The West African country was governed by means of indirect rule. This means that, in opposition to direct rule, the
At that very period, the republican government, headed by various factions within the parliament, had proven itself weak to the sudden putsch made by one government party. Social Democrats, the Conservative parties, ultra-nationalists – all of them hindered the already prostate and humiliated government. In our essay, we will try to answer the following question: what was Blanqui’s relevance with regards to Benjamin’s socialist philosophy? For starters, Walter Benjamin’s body of work regarding Marxist thought was not completely orthodox by many standards, and yet wasn’t also in line with contemporary western European Marxist thought. At that time, socialism had brewed into numerous splinter groups – Western European Marxist traditions had begun to split off from mainline Marxist theories.
One of the establishments of this contention examination is that what occurred amid the Kenyan 2007 decisions had its underlying foundations in a powerless national constitution. This constitution has continuously did not have a solid balanced governance framework between the official, authoritative and legal branches of government. Over the traverse of three decades, changes to the constitution were made to deliberately dissolve these parities for fortifying presidential forces. The aftereffect of these expansive powers successfully made the presidential office proportionate to an autocracy, which gave the president the capacity to utilize and mishandle this power without restriction. The quote at the highest point of the page is pregnant with incongruity and is a case of what can happen as an aftereffect of a solid yet degenerate official branch.
On account of the general force given to one individual, presidential frameworks could rapidly change into dictator administrations if circumstances grant. The impact of a presidential system on governmental issues can be seen through the more grounded part of the president when passing enactment. This is against the parliamentary system on how an executive or prime minister for the most part has a smaller part in governmental issues while parliament is normally fast in passing enactment and evading
It outlines the structure of Government and enumerates the rights of individuals” (Revenue Commissioners, 2007). Domestic law is essentially what is set out in each country’s constitution “Fundamental rights are set out in the Constitution and, in addition, the Courts have identified other Constitutional rights not expressly specified in the Constitution” (Revenue Commissioners, 2007). To
Important changes happened a lot of years before and until our days we can see amendments in this system because as we said we have an “unwritten” constitution which is more flexible than others which are in codified form. But is the British constitution a political one or a legal one. As Adam Tomkins said in his book <Public Law>, “A political constitution is one in which those who exercise political power (let us say the government) are held to constitutional account through political means, and through political institutions (for example, Parliament).” In contrast, a legal constitution is “one which imagines that the principal means, and the principal institution, through which the government is held to account is the law and the court-room.” The first remarkable changes in this constitution can someone tell that is recorded years before in 1688 with the Glorious Revolution and the next year 1689 with
Woodraw Wilson (1887) defines public administration as: “detailed and systematic execution of public law (The Study of Administration, Political Science Quarterly 2)”. Public administration plays a role in successful governance as machinery is to a part of a manufactured product. Max Weber (1978) on the other hand propagates that: “economy, society and religion also have an effect on public administration (Economy and Society: An Outline of Interpretive Sociology)”. He therefore believes that a bureaucratic or structured government should be considered a more rational and efficient form of organisation and leadership. Nigeria has gained independence from British rule in 1960 and has witnessed four civil republics and several military interventions
Continual Military intervention and break down of constitution weaken the role of provinces and strengthened the centralized authority non democratic directions set in Pakistan that is Fact federalism is the best pattern of pluralism where different ethnic populations co-exist calmly. There are some states having federal systems in appearance not in essence. The former Soviet Union was a federation in form only. Actually it was a unitary state because its different institutions, political party and economic planning activates had strong centralized tendencies. The similar case has been observed in Ethiopia and Nigeria.