The approval and implementation of the first constitution in 1638 represents an excellent example of the process that led to the formation of modern nations which rely on precise standards of behavior and fundamental, non-negotiable principles. However, in spite of the numerous benefits brought about by the introduction of liberal constitutionalism across the Western world, Zakaria argues that America’s civil society is being damaged by its very democratic nature, to the extent that he calls for a review of the democratic principles around which modern America was shaped in order to restore its previous balance between liberty and democracy. For example, the author observes that the reason why the American people no longer respect the U.S. Congress is because it has become too democratic and, therefore, dysfunctional. A Brief History of Human
In the Authoritarian style of government on the other hand, has many benefits, advantages and like any other type of government, has its own disadvantages and weaknesses. I remember in our previous discussions, we talked about Hobbes’ state of nature which states that a person is naturally selfish and that without a government, there would be total chaos so in result, man agrees to be a part of a government. In this sense, man would agree to be under that government and would agree to be served. It is not assured that there would not be chaos if one joins a government but through this form of government, war would be lessened – and it could be render void. Under this type of government, there are benefits and advantages as well as restrictions.
Federalism Federalism is a system of government in which power is divided between federal government, state government and provinces government. While federalism has many benefits, among them is checks and balances between the federal and state government, thus reducing the chances of one party getting too powerful and abusing their power. Preventing one party from being too powerful and abusing their powers is a good thing. However, it comes with a price that federal and provinces (state and local) governments do not always see eye to eye and agree with each other, which turns into conflict. An issue such as medical marijuana, the federal government allows states to make and enforce laws in their own states.
(Arendt, 1951, p.310) In a similar way, with the strong power and attractiveness of the leader, people can seldom discover challenge or criticism towards the leader of a totalitarian country with powerful leadership regime. (Arendt, 1951, p.310) Therefore, the release and enforcement of policies from the totalitarian regime may conduct with a higher efficiency since there ought to be less criticism and opposed opinion raised by the masses in the society than that of the society of a democratic country. People in most of the democratic countries enjoy plenty of freedom including the freedom of speech, which allows them to freely speak out their opinions towards the country regime, the government, or the policy, etc., in both supportive and against side to these subjects. However, the citizens’ enjoyment with the freedom of speech may contribute to an encouraging condition to raise opinions towards the governing regimes, or even involve in social groups and social activities such as posing a strike towards the issue which they are not satisfied with. The democratic government has a duty to respect and listen to the citizens’ voices, which may lead to a slower speed to release a policy in the country.
And the last one is about the struggles of the late President George Bush and the Congress in finding ways of balancing the budget without increasing the taxes. Knowing the roots of a certain subject matter would help us appreciate and further nurture it. For this reason, it is very important to know the history and evolution of political science to have a fuller and deeper understanding of its significance. The world politics came from the Greek word polis, which means “city-state”. Politics is inevitable, it is all around us it structures our lives and defines the range of our options and choices.
It is perhaps opportunely that our government is able to push through boundaries and traditions to come up with resolutions and better policies/laws. All this time, the Philippine Economy has been deemed to have strong growth hindered by political uncertainties. This is so true. We have a potential to be great and yet we still move slow towards our development and sustainability. Our country has its own strengths and weaknesses that affect positively and/or negatively our over-all status.
Representative government is a well-known world practice and it was first developed in Great Britain, Switzerland and the United States of America. Then it expanded to the British Commonwealth countries and other places which include Malaysia. According to Bond and Smith (2013) “Representative democracy can be defined as a system of government where ordinary citizens do not make governmental decisions themselves but choose public officials-representative-of people- to make decisions for them” (p. 13). The main goal of representative democracy is to protect the rights and interests of the citizens in the country by giving them the freedom of speech. Hence, the leader holds a huge responsibility and play the major role as they had been elected during the elections to represent their nation.
Examining both systems of government, it is easy to see the benefits and weaknesses of both. A democratic state involves the whole nation in deciding the leader for its country while an authoritarian state only involves a select few in its election process. Though it might seem that a democratic state would be the better solution, it is not that simple. Take the Philippines as an example, by having uneducated voters, it so happens that even though some politicians are already bombarded with scandals and issues, they still rank high in surveys done by credible organizations. On the other hand, even though an authoritarian system does not take as much time in electing since only a select few are part of the appointing process, without the power of the citizens in the decision making process, the citizens would have a hard time overthrowing a leader they do not like.
Freedom of speech plays an important role in human rights; nevertheless, it is not one of the most urgent needs in a country that lacks basic assistance for nutrition, health, water, and sanitation . It is true that these are the two most similar countries in today’s global arena because from its history they have both suffer from extreme closed borders sanctions by most of the world, led by the United States with their anti-communist policies that continue from the Cold War. In this paper, the enfaces is given on the important role state control media outlets play for understanding people’s relation to their government propaganda
Such effects were evident during the Marcos regime, where he implemented martial law in hopes of extending his term and abusing his power with regard to his own personal liking. Although Corazon Aquino paved way in the return of democracy in the Philippines, the ill effects of ineffective democracy continued to take over the Philippines. With the elites still in power, “democracy” in the Philippines cannot be considered as an ideal democracy. In relation with the author's claims, Democracy in the Philippines is indeed in a state of disrepair. Meticulous assessments and profound studies have depicted the 'democracy' in the Philippines as ineffective in terms of implementation and enactment.