Heated debates, slander, and disagreement are as defining of the construction of the country as democratic elections. Alexander Hamilton was perhaps the most volatile and contentious of the Founding Fathers. His upbringing played a significant role in how he responded to insults or perceived slights. Thomas Jefferson’s opposition to Hamilton is well documented, and analysis of their feud has been exhausted. Diametrically opposed, their views on the future of the country fueled the creation of political parties and led to the two men emerging as the figureheads of those respective parties.
Before Jefferson entered the presidential office he was a states rights supporter and when the tax on whiskey was placed he opposed it, saying “The first error was to admit it by the Constitution.” (Doc A). He didn’t like the constitution because of the fact that it would make central government stronger. When the alien act was passed he was opposed to it and said that the central government should only have a set of specific purposes and the leftover purposes should be left to the states individually. (Doc B) Determining the amount of time it takes to be a citizen, and the ability to jail people opposing the government was too much power to Jefferson. When he came into office he realized the necessity for more central power and took more matters into his own hands, he had become a loose constructionist.
But, the colonists believed in actual representation, which was when someone from the colonies would represent them in Parliament. The colonists insisted that what the British were doing was taxation without representation. I believe that these very different views on actual and virtual representation, played a crucial role in the commencement of the Revolutionary War, giving birth to America as a democracy. Most colonists came from Great Britain but there were also large amounts that came from all over Europe, which then led to a wide variety of hostility toward one another. Many of the governments that they were
The Anti-Federalist thought that the central government would abuse power and neglect the rights of the people. The Anti-Federalist did not want a federal government; they wanted the states to be in charge of themselves. The Anti-Federalist believed that the Constitution would not protect the rights that individuals had. The Anti-Federalist feared that the central government would make the states not have a way to defend their rights. Anti-Federalist also did not want a republic.
Absolutism gives all the power to the one and only monarch of the country. However, in the country that has fascism movement, the authority is on the government and the nation, even though there is a dictator. This means that even though if the dictator wants to do something, they should make sure that they have any reasons that would help the nation. Another ideology, communism is different from absolutism. In communism point of view, there should be no class separation between people, and all people are equal.
Theodore Roosevelt’s speech “National Duties” calls for nationalism and unity, as it says that each individual must work hard and that individuals must work together. Furthermore, it works to motivate our nation by using two ideas – what a nation may leave behind and how a nation should conduct itself. The speech itself, although given while he was Vice President, accurately describes what his actions as president were, whether it be regarding nationalism, personal matters, or foreign diplomacy. His ideology of how a nation should act, seen in the phrase “speaking softly and carrying a big stick” works to motivate many, including our current military, because it focuses on civility backed with power. This idea of leadership style, combined with looking at what Theodore Roosevelt did during his presidency, is very similar to Trump’s way of leading our nation, although they came into office with different political experience.
A tyranny is a person who is given all the power to himself or herself to dominate a country. For example, President James Madison wanted a constitution that will frame a strong central government with most of the power, but was afraid to create to create a tyranny at the same time. So Madison decided to divide the federal government in branches. The framers of the constitution avoided tyranny by using federalism, separating federal power/checks and balances, and small/large state compromise. One way how tyranny was avoided was by using federalism.
During the Revolutionary era, the birth of the U.S. Constitution gave way to the political divide between the two polarizing philosophies of Federalists and Anti-Federalists. After the economic pitfalls and decentralization the Articles of Confederation had left behind, action was taken to ameliorate its failures. With the creation of the Federalist party in by founder Alexander Hamilton, its members advocated for a stronger national government and defended the validity of the Constitution’s ratification. Contrarily, the Constitution was met with skepticism on behalf of the Anti-Federalists, who believed it would undermine state sovereignty and infringe upon their human rights. The two parties hailed from different socioeconomic backgrounds,
After the American Revolution, two political parties by the people in an effort to form a government of their own. Anti-Federalists wanted small local government and Federalists wanted large Federal centered Government. Anti-Federalists are afraid of a strong government because “when the people fear the government, there is tyranny…[and] when the government fears the people there is liberty” (Doc B). This shows that the Anti-Federalists want a weak government because it is bad when the government is given all the power. Anti-Federalists argue for policies that support agriculture because “those who labor the earth are the chosen people of God” (Doc D).
The American Revolution evolved from rising tensions between the British government and the 13 colonies who wished for independence. The people of America essentially wanted to be separated from Britain and desired self-government. An abundance of factors caused Americans to distrust Britain and there is not just one reason but many. The experiences of the Americans at the time, are what caused them to long for separation. Many people wonder, what were the most important causes of the American Revolution?
This document was directed towards the Federalist by the antifederalist to explain a possible problem of the checks and balances system, after the drafting of the constitution and awaiting approval. The Anti Federalists didn’t want what we have now,they didn’t want the federal government to have and influence over citizens’ lives, they didn’t want the govt to in any way resemble a monarchy because they had just escaped from the corrupt monarchy. They believed that if the power in the country occupied in the people of the various states, then their vision would have a chance of success. Likewise, the Anti Federalist thought there was no bill of rights, so they disliked the constitution. Every constitution should have one for the people, and the government shouldn’t refuse to give on, as shown on Document E. The Letter to James Madison, Objections to the Constitution was written by Thomas Jefferson to explain what he disliked about the constitution to one of the writings, after the constitution was drafted and were awaiting ratification.
The Anti-Federalists that opposed the constitution believed that the constitution would give too much power to the government. The Anti-Federalists argued that a powerful government would become tyrannical like the British monarchy that they worked so hard to escape from. This led them to create The Bill of Rights. Today’s government has similar problems. Nowadays some politicians believe that The Bill of Rights is a living document that can be changed or manipulated to “better fit” the era that we live in.
In the first paragraph of the Federalist Paper 10, Madison explains what he is trying to do with the constitution. His main concerns were to establish a government that was capable of controlling violence and damage caused by factions. He believes that as long as men have different opinions, different amounts of property and wealth, then there will always be factions. When Madison says faction, he means a group of people that have some strong common passion or interest. He believe that the most common and durable source of a faction is the unequal distribution of property.
Madison began discussing the most famous Federalist papers by saying that one of the most grounded contentions for the Constitution is the way that it sets up an administration well-appointed for controlling the violence and harm created by factions. Madison characterizes groups as gatherings of individuals who assemble to secure and advance their exceptional monetary hobbies and political feelings. According to the text, Madison has only two ways to control a faction. The first was to remove its reasons and the second way was to control its outcomes. The first was did not seem plausible but there were two ways to remove its reasons of a faction, to destroy liberty or give every citizen the same opinions, and etc.
Finally, Britain would constantly deny any attempt to find peace between the two countries. As expected, Britain put certain taxes on the colonies to help regulate trade and pay for transport of goods. However, many of the taxes Britain put on colonists were for the sole purpose of creating revenue for the British (Doc 2). The reason the British believed they were justified to do this was the belief that colonists still owed reparations for British support in the French Indian war (Doc 1). The colonists found these taxes so insulting that many of them refused to purchase British goods.