Most of the juveniles have lack of education, the increased use and the availability of guns and drugs. There are many solutions that will help young minorities not commit crimes, building the economy again, changing the community so there would be no access to drugs. Regardless of the sides, it is clear that previous increases as well as recent decreases in violent crime committed are unreasonably generated by the nation’s youth. All minority groups are classified differently and treated differently in the system. The justice system seems to treat African American and Hispanic people differently from other minorities groups.
In the city of Nashville, Tennessee juvenile violence and gang-related crimes continues to rise, and nearly fifty percent of gang members are under the age of eighteen (Sanders & Moore, n.d.). Furthermore, in 2005 gang prevalence became immediately apparent in Nashville, and in 2011 gang-related crimes increased by approximately twenty-five percent state wide (The Tennessean, 2012). Additionally, from 2005 to 2011 the entire state of Tennessee had a one hundred and ten percent spike in gang related incidents (The Tennessean, 2012). Gang-related incidents have become so significant in Nashville that the Metropolitan Nashville Police Department’s Specialized Investigations Division has developed a continuing initiative labeled Operation Safer
Guns are just a tool, like knives and hammers and it completely depends on the people on how they use it. People who support guns and arms say that the Second Amendment secures individual’s right to carry guns with them and that gun rights is needed for self-protection, and was intended for military to have peace and defend the country if needed (Spitzer, 70). Most of the Americans use guns as a source to protect themselves and they believe that gun ownership prevents crime. A study conducted on November 26, 2013 showed that bans on weapons did not significantly affect murder rates at the state level (Lane, 5). Moreover, even if the rules and regulations are executed on gun control, not all criminals obey the law.
Juvenile delinquents diagnosed with mental/conduct disorders Juvenile delinquents are often diagnosed different disorders. Around six to sixteen percent of male teens and two to nine percent of female teens have a conduct disorder. These can vary from oppositional-defiant disorder, which is not necessarily aggressive, to antisocial personality disorder, often diagnosed among psychopaths. A conduct disorder can develop during childhood and then manifest itself during adolescence.
In addition, gang violence is a consequence of today’s drug trade. As of 2012 the Los Angeles Police Department reported across the Los Angeles County, there have been “a total of 39,435 arrests associated with drugs, and 923 deaths aftermath of gang related violence. The illegal drug market in Los Angeles is one of the most profitable, and most violent, across the country” (LAPD). Drugs and gangs tend to integrate perfectly, gangs use drugs to illegally make money; as a result, it kills the competition and gains street credibility in the process. Moreover, it is in the streets where the brutality takes place, gang wars are started because of greed and power over turf.
The Social Control Theory applies to the Reclaiming Futures Program as well because these youth offenders have such poor bonds with their family, friends and community around them. Getting into this program, their lives would change because they would be shown bond types from within the program. The fact that there are five main participants in the program just shows that there is hope for their lives with making bonds and feeling wanted and loved. The Judges, The Juvenile System, Adolescent Substance Abuse Counselors, Community Members, Project Director all work together just shows them something to look up to. (Reclaiming Futures Program, 2012-2015).
There are many different types of gangs all around the world. I 've found out that they have street gangs, prison gangs,car clubs, and also biker gangs too. But the most dangerous gang in the world is Mara Salvatrucha. This gang is better known as MS-13. This is the most deadliest gang in the world.
Growing up in a city that was full of drugs, violence and gangs I knew the only way it was going to get better is to help. Personality I have lived in peace in Salinas but I have seen friends who fall in the hands of gangs. I hated the fact that one of my best friend from elementary who use to be very calm, very kind, is now sitting behind bars for the rest of his life. For that reason I knew I had to make the community better so I choose to help by doing community hour in various places.
Social Justice Issue: Juvenile Justice System Prior to the 1960’s youth did not have their own set of constitutional rights, which led them to be charged unconventionally depending on the situation; often they were viewed as mini-adults who understood the consequences of their actions completely. As crimes committed by youth rose, the US Congress passed the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Act in 1974. This was put in place to help reform treatment of juvenile offenders, preventing them from being held as adults for petty crimes, and made states follow plans to help reduce the amounts of minorities in the system due to disproportional amounts (which is still the case today). With the all time high-rise of crime in the 1980’s to the 1990’s and
Where I reside, Silver Spring Maryland (Montgomery County), there are no gang related activities. I live in a suburban area and the law enforcement are very strict and the area is safe. However, gang crimes exist in Prince George's County and Baltimore City, Maryland. Maryland had passed ordinances prohibiting loitering, and many forms of aggressive public behavior, such as, consuming alcohol in public, throwing up gang signs and disturbing the peace by playing music too loud. Law enforcement police attempted to discourage gang membership by prohibiting behavior that relates to gang activities.