According to DeWitte “identifying and interrupting the symbolic meaning of the objects and elements in artwork often revels previously unsuspected insights into their content.” (182). Audrey Flack’s painting Marylin is a vivid, colorful still life that is filled with symbolism. The text in the book is from a biography of Marilyn and has references to her gaining recognition in a male-dominated industry. It contains the words, "paint yourself into an instrument of your will.” The picture of Marylin, along with the flowers and cosmetics surrounding her, convey the traditional view on the female lifestyle. Marilyn Monroe was a sex symbol and thought to be the quintessential representation of beauty, but Flack includes lipstick, a compact, perfume, and jewelry all to show that beauty is fleeting.
Supplemental to this apparent domino-effect of Read and Bonny, in 1726 and 1728, Mary Harley and Mary Cricket cross-dressed to become pirates, likely because they were moved by the tales of Bonny and Read. In addition to this literature, the two pirates may have affected art as well. An illustration, by an unknown artist, that appeared as the frontispiece of the Dutch translation of A General History of the Pyrates features an allegorical figure of a woman pirate, armed, depicting anarchy. This illustration was believed to be the inspiration for Delacroix’s famous painting Liberte Guidant le peuple. In this altered version of the allegorical figure, the woman is muscular, elucidating strength, bare-breasted, wearing a tunic, however noticeably softened to appear tranquil as opposed to angry.
Throughout the article Steiner speaks about how visual arts focus on aestheticism using women and ornaments to appeal to our primitive desires, rather than focusing on the meaning of the piece, with the meaning symbolizing the beauty of an artwork. She also states how focusing on the aesthetic aspect of an art piece can be impure due to over sexualizing it or adding unnecessary decorations such as colors to appeal to the viewers, with many paintings and photographs/films using nude women to garner a larger
Nowadays we are more open minded and are able to see the painting in a different light. Olympia was created in 1863, it is believed to be a painting of a prostitute. Manet created Olympia during the Victorian era of the nineteenth century, “sexuality didn’t have a public place any longer, in other word it was a repressed period for sexuality”(Nikpour, 2013). Nude paintings in Manet’s time, were known for being represented in a soft subtle style. Manet replaced the stereotypical painting that showed women as perfection rather than what real women are… real.
The 1808 painting The Valpincon Bather by Ingres, is said to be “controversial”(oil painting techniques). At first glance, one may only see the back of a nude woman. If one looked closer there is a lot of different types of elements of composition. From the curtains, to the tassels it all plays a role. In the painting there is a great detail that is shown.
The paintings consisted of a skeletal or deathly figure, wooing a young maiden. The paintings were supposed to resemble humans fatal attractions. The art became very popular and even had plays and songs based on it. One song, titled “Death and the Maiden” by Franz Schubert, speaks of Death calling himself “Friend” and the maiden begging him not to touch her. Comparing these subjects of the painting to the characters of the story shows a resemblance between the ghastly figure of Friend and death, and between Connie and the Maiden with Connie constantly checking herself in mirrors.
The Mummy portrait of Tekosis, a Roman tempera painting currently residing in the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, is most likely from Assyut, Egypt, or in a surrounding area created ca. AD 200-180. Tekosis was the daughter of Harunis. She appears to be a girl of 11 or 12 of age who died before she was married. Due to the culture and traditions of that time, the Mummy portrait of Tekosis was well-crafted to depict a young girl who was lost to the world before she could fulfill her duties in Roman society.
Rubens has a divine talent of forcing the viewer to question what sins are hiding within the painting. In The Fall of Phaeton, Rubens reveals the turmoil produced by one individual 's mistake, and again in The Judgment of Paris he depicts just how dangerous an individual may be. Through visual analysis I believe Rubens’ strives to illustrate turmoil in his work as well as expose the downfalls within humankind. In The Judgment of Paris, we find three nude women dazzled by what lies in the hands of a masculine gentleman. Tangled within the nude women we find two angel babies; one looking at the object in the gentleman 's hand as though he is un-amused, the other angel wrapped around the leg of the woman placed in the middle.
Some of the most noticeable effects are the connection they make between sin and women, and the parallels that are created between the bringing of life into the world contrasted with the bringing of death. In Book two the readers are introduced to Sin and Death. The characters Death, Sin, and Satan are in a complicated situation. Reminiscent of another epic poem, Sin has found herself having intercourse with her father and become pregnant. Sin uses the word “pregnant” when speaking of being with Satan’s child: ...Pensive here I sat Alone, but long I sat not, till my womb Pregnant by thee, and now excessive grown Prodigious motion felt and rueful throes (Milton 776-79).
In the play “Othello” by William Shakespeare showed how the lies and the jealousy of others can ruin a relationship . Throughout the history of this play people have understood it as a “triad of nobility,purity, and villainy.” A literary critic, Michael Andrews noted the significance of the handkerchief that was used in the play. “Othello tells Desdemona that the handkerchief is a love-controlling talisman his mother received from an Egyptian "charmer.” The gift that Desdemona receives is used to represent a symbol of Othello’s love. In Kate Chopin’s “The Awakening” shows a controversial protagonist, Edna Pontellier. The character in the novel showed different expectations for women and their supposed roles.One literary critic, Megan Kaplon showed how this novel can be viewed as a struggle of the world or society around her.
Amethyst is really a transparent crimson quarta movement. Origin of title in the Greek -amethystos- "not drunken". Amethyst was regarded as a powerful antidote against drunkenness. Greek legend informs the storyline of the maiden Amethystos who had been went after a drunken god known as Dionysus. She interceded towards the goddess Artemis to stay chaste.