The soul that dares and defines” (ch. 21). Therefore, to be an artist in that world is to suffer. Mademoiselle Reisz is condemned to the life of loneliness. On the other hand, Madame Ratignolle is the representative of the “mother-woman”, however, Edna Pontellier is unable to identify with and, like in the case of Mademoiselle Reisz, to accept that lifestyle: “Edna felt depressed rather than soothed after leaving them.
Whilst Curley’s wife expresses this through dialogue once again, “Think I don’t like to talk to somebody ever’ once in a while. Think I like to stick in that house alla time” (Steinbeck, page 77). The only way the women broke away from their roles was in death. Both women were trapped by the domestic ideal of femininity that made them unable to follow their creative loves of writing and acting, as women were only viewed useful as wives and
Regina’s efforts have failed as Alexandra matures and realizes that she must escape the Hubbards and her mother (Hellman Act 3). In conclusion, criticism can be applied to literary works through many schools of thought. Given, Lillian Hellman's personality her feminine ideals are expressed through her works. Her ideas were and are integral part of history for not only women, but society as a whole. In order to express her ideas more clearly and add to the plot Hellman uses literary devices such as
Housewife In her article "Motherhood/Paradise Lost (Domestic Division)", Terry Martin Hekker, a housewife who had been married to John Hekker, her husband, discusses the drawbacks of housewife as an occupation for women by sharing with the public her experience as a housewife in two different situations and centuries. The article aims to inform other women that depending on housewife as an occupation is really bad for their future. Hekker’s article is a good advice for today’s mothers as it is based on real experience. Hekker explains in her article that housewife is a good occupation, but there must be alternative jobs as it is not a permanent occupation. In her article "Motherhood", which was written in 1977, Hekker tries to illustrate that housewife is unique occupation although this job was considered shameful at time
I say, "And so she trudged up the wooden stairs, her sad brown shoes taking her to the house she never liked." (Cisneros,1984). The ability of Esperanza to make her life a story is the reason she can bare everything she goes through and a way to find maturity and her identity. We can see how Esperanza tries to become more independent and how she is able to identify the barriers that most of their family members have. She tells us about how her great-grand mother (whose name is Esperanza) have lived contemplating the view from the window like looking for some escape.
During the Victorian Era, women are looked down upon on, and the idea of this is being expressed in many ways in daily life. Their clothing were tide and inconvenient to restricting them to fulfill daily tasks. The main character Edna wore different clothes from other mother women to resemble herself rather than doing what others expects from her. Kate Chopin, one of the greatest American writers who believed in Naturalism, implies her perspective of the restrictions for women and the societal expectations that placed on women into her writings. The idea of the desire of freedom but inability to control it, and eventually yield in front of the societal expectations.
The character Curley’s wife is a great example of the need for companionship and how loneliness can change someone. Steinbeck shows the wife’s feelings through her actions. “I could get you strung up on a tree so fast it ain't even funny.” (Steinbeck 81) This quote demonstrates how desperate she is for interaction with others, she was willing to go into Crooks’ room when she knows she is not welcome. Curley’s wife carries a lot of sorrow and regret and she has no one to share it with. This is another way Steinbeck show the need for companionship in his novel.
She imagined all of this without an arranged marriage that is the norm in Calcutta. Another character stereotypes are the mother and the couple of Primata and Bikram in the two stories. "Mensaab has told her not to speak to you, or else she'll lose her job.” (Banerjee 65). This reinforces what her mother stands for which is the preservation of tradition and she is ready to disown her only daughter. They represent and personify culture conservatism and preservation.
Scott Fitzgerald portrays love as essentially impracticable fancy. When Daisy’s her daughter was born, her husband Tom was nowhere to be found. The nurses handed her baby to her and she said, “ I hope she’ll be a fool—that’s the best thing a girl can be in this world, a beautiful little fool.” Daisy just like every women back then would just ignore the signs of cheating because they couldn’t do anything about it because they were defined by their husbands. Being a fool means her daughter realize that her husband is cheating. That girls should be in a stupid bliss so it wouldn’t affect them because they wouldn’t be able to do anything about it.
She runs away with her lover, Wickham, and ruins not only her reputation - but her families as well, “Elizabeth’s power was sinking; everything must sink under such a proof of family weakness, such an assurance 3 of the deepest disgrace. She could neither wonder nor condemn, but the belief of Darcy's self-conquest brought nothing consolatory to her bosom, afforded no palliation of her distress. It was, on the contrary, exactly calculated to make her understand her own wishes; and never had she so honestly felt that she could have loved him, as now,
According to Brent, “The painful and humiliating memory will haunt me to my dying day” Brent, A Perilous Passage in The Slave Girl’s Life). She regrets going against God’s words, but had to give away her purity in hopes of freedom. In reference to Welter, “Woman must preserve her virtue until marriage and marriage was necessary for her happiness. Yet marriage was, literally, an end to innocence” (Welter, 158). Not being able to live up to what the North had in mind for white womanhood, meant that she was deemed unworthy of happiness just for the fact she tried to free herself by giving up her virtue.
Some included devotion, education opportunity, to be abstinent and to escape their lives at home. In the book Marissa knew she would never marry because she walked with a limp and was not beautiful enough, so she asked to be taken to the convent. She explains to Will her reasoning, “‘I am just the kind of spare girl who moulders away and everybody’s relieved when they die. Even if you give me a dowery, who’s going to marry me? I’ve got no land and I limp’”(67).
Harwood suggests that the role of motherhood forces one to give up their passion and careers. In the poem, 'Suburban Sonnet ', Harwood uses the pseudonym of Miriam Stone to explore the loss of identity that a mother can experience. The use of personal pronouns not only shows the loss of identity of this women, but also Harwood suggests that this is universal and is affecting many other women. The women 'who played for Rubinstein ' shows that this poem is more than a personal lament, but rather a comment on society that in order to become a mother, you must sacrifice your passion and career. The use of unpleasant imagery 'children chatter, then scream and fight ' highlights the burn and 'annoyance ' of the children.
As the woman quickly flees upon her release, the narrator refuses to follow as she is so unaccustomed to the “green instead of yellow” (89). In addition, the narrator calls her husband “young man” (89) demonstrating her emotional distance and reversing patronizing attitude. Her husband is no longer a figure of fear as she mirrors his “gentlest voice” (89) thus “silencing him” (89). He merely becomes "that man" (89) whom she nonchalantly creeps over. However, unable to go back to her habitual life, and unwilling to leave the house, she finds herself in state of madness and unreliability.
This short story is relevant to my positon because the main character struggles with cultural identity ad she uses her identity to make decisions. Dee would qualify my claim because she agrees but yet disagrees with how culture can cause you to make decisions. Dee would disagree because she explains how the old her is dead and she is now “Wangero”. This situation causes her mother “Mama” to be confused about her new identity and to clarify the situation she asked “What happened to Dee?” (Walker 62) and Dee replies with “she is dead” (Walker 62). De has just unclaimed her old culture.