Indeed, this study seeks to demystify the male-centric mindset to promote the visibility of women in the contemporary interpretation of literary works demonstrating that women play a greater role in the literature despite the proximity given to male protagonist. There are significant women who play integral parts in Beowulf. This study gives attention to Hildeburh as a woman of value. In fact, her values are not only limited to the explicates in the piece of literature, but can be related to the Anglo-Saxon society at
Dustin ToETST001 -341/22/18In the 19th century, a launch for gender equality was protested by a wave of female activist, feminists. For many centuries, women were put into a stereotype of domestic work. However, the first rally for gender equality lead to many opportunities for women to go beyond these limitations. In Chandra Talpade Mohanty’s essay, “Under Western Eyes,” she addresses the many issues women face within the Western and non-Western worlds. Women are subjected to limitations held by outdated ideas, especially in developing countries.In Mohanty’s essay, she discusses the issues faced by women on a global scale and specifically by women in the “third world.” Mohanty states that women are put into a “constituted, coherent group with
The Color Purple gives limelight to self-made women Celia. And it forcefully tried to restore the dignity of the female character. The novel was published in 1982 is one of the most read texts across race, class, gender and cultural boundaries. The Novel fallows Celia, a black woman who struggled in her life. She was raped by her step father, fallowing two pregnancies.
But In spite of this awakening evolving around us, today also there are women who have lack of individualism and identity in the society. Anita Desai questions age old traditions and portrays women in a new context. She unveils the acute sense of entrapment and suffering of women in the upper and lower middle classes. Education encourages them to nurture idea of western style self-hood, identity and equality among sexes. Desai depicts young, sensitive women becoming victims of social situation that first encourages and then punishes them for such ideas of self-development and fulfillment.
‘The Colour Purple’, published in 1982, was written by Alice Walker and demonstrates the brutal treatment of black women within the early 20th century. During this time, there was much oppression, particularly for black women. They were mistreated purely because of their colour and gender. The form and content of the novel can be viewed as a slave narrative that reflects the struggle for one woman’s independence. Female independence and freedom from the patriarchal society are topics that many feminist literary theorists tend to explore, particularly those that belonged to the third wave of feminist writing.
Thus, I believe that feminism is a poorly made masquerade to cover women’s desire to control men. No one can deny that it was necessary for people like Betty Friedan in the ’50s and Gloria Steinem in the ’60’s. ( Olson, Marie “Finding our way” Aug 2017)Their movements were necessary for women to achieve equality amongst all people. But feminists won’t stop at equality. They want total sovereignty over the opposite sex.
Feminism is a definition for a movement that focus primarily to enhance the quality of women lives by defying the norms of society based on the dominance of male and subsequent female that implies the emancipation of women from the shackles, restrictions, norms and customs of society. It demands that women should be treated as autonomous subjects, and not as a passive object. Its aim is to achieve equality between men and women in many aspects such as moral, social, economic and political. The objective of this movement is to create a new identity for women and making them aware of their rights. The education allowed for women was possible only in a way that suited their soft-side nature such as sewing, nursing and painting.
American confessional female poets dwelled on the issue of identity in the mid-twentieth century. In the early 1960s, poetry written by American female figures began to flourish. Taboo issues became the talk of the day. These Women poets took the initiative to write in verse form about sexuality, abortion and masturbation. They broke the norms in poetry in terms of the thematic anchorage.
As Helen Cixous suggests, Gilman “breaks up truth with laughter.” (11) Although it was written hundred years ago yet it has so much relevance in the contemporary world. By strongly criticizing the culture and tradition of outside world, Gilman has brought this imaginary world with a feminist perspective. She has presented in her novel that, gender difference, suppression and oppression of women, sexual harassment, rape, will continue throughout the years. Gilman’s works are strongly embedded and connected with women like Women and Economics, Concerning Children, The home: Its work and Influence and many more. Herland depicts the breakdown of isolated society and expresses the changed ideas and the conflict between the outside world and their world.
K. Narayan tries to promote the status of women very consciously. His ‘Women’s Lib’ movement, which actually begins in The Dark Room, comes to an apparent fulfillment in The Painter of Signs, encompassing a long journey from Savitri to Daisy via Shanti, Bharati and Rosie. The novelist laments the pitiable condition of women and this has perhaps led him to formulate the ‘Women’s Lib’ movement. Narayan does not advocate the westernized life style of women and he cannot accept the atrocities done on women in the moribund Malgudi patriarchal society. Thus, Narayan favours freedom for his new women and wants to see them educated, active and independent.