Rape and sexual assault does not only occur in the ancient times of The Scarlet Letter but is extremely prevalent in today’s society and is normalized through the depiction of rape culture presented in the media. In today’s society, it is imperative to address the rape culture that is being cultivated by the objectification of women, normalization of violence against them, and the recurring victimization of the victim because it leaves men confused in their relationships with women and women feeling disempowered and violated. One of the initial causes of rape culture is the way in which women are being objectified by men and the media as it creates a society that disregards women’s rights and safety. From a very young age, men are encouraged to believe that all women are property because of the media. In magazine advertisements, it has been tested that sexual objectification occurs more frequently for women than for men and that women are 3 times more likely to be dressed in a sexually provocative manner.
On the other, there is a new pursuit of intimate relationships that combine love with sexual pleasure, generally associated with women. In this situation, the quest for sex becomes particularly prone to conflicts between men and women. The second of these developments is the evolution of the ‘pure relationship’ as ‘the prototypical form of personal life’ (Giddens, 1992:154). This contemporary ideal of intimate relationship is based on a form of democratic mutual self-interest. According to this model, a relationship is ‘entered into for its own sake, for what can be derived by each person from a sustained association with another; and…continued only in so far as it is thought by both parties to deliver enough satisfactions for each individual to stay within it’ (Giddens,
Rubin (1984) stated that “The realm of sexuality also has its own internal politics, inequalities, and modes of oppressing” (p.267). Sexuality is full of repression. She indicates sex hierarchies to point the sex have been good and bad, but it is not that dualistic indeed. Masturbation is one of the example that can show society always control sex strictly. Masturbation In “Sex and Society: Generations”(2009), Cavendish indicates that masturbation is the act of stimulating genitals and point of orgasm.
Gender inequality concerns both women and men and has a strong impact on their daily lives. Traditionally gender equality rules have been considered to be mainly as a “women’s issue” – as women have been a driving force behind gender equality approaches and struggles. This view has contributed to the awareness that women are the only ones who will benefit from a more equally and advanced society. In reality, men also benefit from gender equality as they also face gender- specific matters, such as lower life probability, bad well-being, inferior education levels and rigid norms. “I have seen young men suffering from mental instability, unable to ask for help for fear it would make them look less ‘macho’” (Watson, E.
Power relations Taking into consideration what had been said about representation of genders in The Big Bang Theory, I would like to discuss the relations of power between male and female characters. Although we can say that there are stereotypes about both men and women in this show, there is one fact that puts male characters in the privileged position over the female ones: the female characters always seem to be defined by their relationships with their male partners. For example, as I already mentioned, the character of Bernadette seems to be liberated from all the sexist and stereotypical views, but at the same time, she gets married to the most sexist characters, Howard Wolowitz, who before their marriage tried very hard to be a womanizer, seeing women purely as objects of pleasure, discriminating them based on their looks. As Rachel Redfern wrote: "Howard played the role of a disgusting, probably should be on a sex offender list somewhere, horny aerospace engineer. His goal was to get laid and so he lied to women, hired prostitutes, chased them down in a park, and was in general, completely repugnant for laughs".
They seem to derive more sexual pleasure when they are together than when they are with their male partners. This socio-historical moment complicates the discussion of feminism, sexuality and racial identity in relationship to and a generation of third-wave feminists. By examining her use of sexuality and the erotic, social politics, and discussions of racial identity of women, one is expected to know the social evils that hinder the individual growth of every woman. Undoubtedly, the human sexual orientation is one of the areas under study in psychology. In accordance with its significance in determining sexual schemes, sexual partners and sexual behaviours, it seems necessary to investigate its dimensions from a multifaceted perspective.
In this written text, the emphasis will be on Margaret Atwood’s novel, The Handmaid’s Tale and as well as the way Atwood portrays women and how it can be argued to show the oppression of women. The main purpose is to analyze the way women are treated throughout this book and depict why they are represented this way in the society in Gilead. Then, comparatively, observe the men’s domination over women and how they govern this society. In The Handmaid’s Tale, women are stripped of their rights, suffer many inequalities and are objectified, controlled by men and only valued for their reproductive qualities. The Gilead society is divided in multiple social group.
These contradictions, of ‘if women are sexual’, men desire her and ‘if women are nurturing mothers’ then they have control over the domestic environment, gave birth to feminism. Feminism is the confrontation with the contradictions that surround women in the patriarchal society. Social progress has obviated the need for feminism in the contemporary world as women receive contradictory messages when on one hand they are told to be powerful and independent and on the other hand unrealistically beautiful. The concept of ideology began during the French Revolution in the late 1700’s. French Philosopher Antoine Louis Destutt theorized that ideas arose from our bodily senses and today the same word ‘ideology’ refers to a system of beliefs.
Feminists have recognized the factor of gender differentiation as the root cause of women’s derogatory status in the hierarchical order of most of the societies. Kate Millet in her seminal book, Sexual Politics, defines gender as a, “Personality, structure in terms of sexual category.” 10 Gender differs from sex, as sex is assigned based on anatomy of a person, while gender is assigned according to the sexuality of a person. Gender is decided by cultural, social, political and economic forces, which influence social behavior of men and women. Gender is a historical force also because we find gender bias pre-existent in the society. As soon as, a birth takes place, child gets a gender identity of a male or a female.
It is the turning point and the beginning of a new way of life. However, in Shobha De’s novels all these ideas regarding marriage are shattered by her modern liberated women. With marriage the other important issue that De’s novels deal with is sex. Sex to her women is no longer a dreaded and despised thing. Her women enjoy a great deal of sexual freedom.