Even before I named myself a feminist, or a lesbian, I felt compelled to bring together, in my understanding and in my poems, the political world 1. Towards the close of 1950s an autonomous women’s movement was gaining momentum. The feminists held economic exploitation, terrorism, colonialism and imperialism responsible for women’s oppression. Exploitation of women within the family, in married life, in the heterosexual relation and in childbearing were also considered oppressive. The feminist wanted to break free the stereotype sex roles forced on
Devi, the protagonist, undergoes an identity crisis even after following the norms set by the society. She con- stately faces the problem of tradition versus modernity, dilemma of cultures western versus eastern, dilemma of mind versus heart and dilemma of being a ‘good girl’ versus ‘bad girl’, The crisis ‘to be or not to be a good girl’ haunts her and the agony of identity crisis attains the desired intensity through the use of myths. Through the study of women characters, provides us with a look into the Indian tradition and culture and the position of women in the Indian society. It is about the journey of Indian women through tradition to modernity in search of self-identity. It also discusses the ways
How does Steinbeck create contrasting images of Curley’s wife in ‘Of mMice and mMen’? Intro: How could a character with no name be so deep and complex? The novella ‘Of mMice and mMen’ uses symbolism and hidden meanings to add depth to the characters, Curley’s wife being a prime example. The novella offers contradicting descriptions and presentations of Curley’s wife making us hate and disapprove of her while the next moment we feel guilty and mourn her. Steinbeck creates contrasting images of Curley’s wife by using literary techniques such as pathetic fallacy, juxtaposition and irony.
Gender inequality has been variously exposedand protested by number of Indian English feminist critics and novelists.Kamala Markandaya, Shashi Deshpande, Jhumpa Lahiri, Anita Desai, Arundhati Roy and Bharati Mukherjee may be mentioned among them. Bharati Mukherjee, a leading American novelist of Indian origin usually explores the lives and psyche of immigrant Indian women across the world. Her works like Wife, The Tiger’s Daughter, Leave it To Me,Desirable Daughter, Three Bridefocuson the marginalization and secondary treatment of women not only in India but in foreign countries also. But her seminal work Jasmine(1989) draws our attention at most to the gender discrimination prevalent in Indian
It means you know women deserve equal rights. And as we mentioned examples of sexism women in developed countries experience, in most developing countries women are deprived of even basic human rights. In some countries, religion or tradition is used as an obstacle for equal rights. For example, the Bangladesh government tried to shield themselves behind laws to deny women of equal rights, as it was reported by Inter Press Service. Another example is honor killings directed at women in Pakistan, which were carried out for just the smallest reason.
Nambuthiri, Nair and Ezhava women in Kerala were subjected to many evil social customs or Acharam and Anushtanam related to marriage, remarriage, divorce, dressing, chastity, property rights and pollution associated with touchability and approachability, etc. The status of women belonging to all religions, castes and sub-castes was pitiable. By the end of the 19th century Kerala witnessed revolutionary reform movements. These revolutionary reform movements freed woman belonging to different religions, castes and sub-castes from the rites and customs made by masculine egotism. This paper focuses its attention on the position of Nambuthiri, Nair, and Ezhava or Tiyya women of nineteenth century that strengthened the social reform movements of Kerala.
Their purpose is to eradicate the persisting gender discrimination in all its manifestations in the society. There is, however, some change in the attitude of the woman herself as an individual in her own right. It is in this context that Indian women writers like Anita Desai, Shashi Despande, Kamala Markandaya, Arundhati Roy and Jhumpa Lahiri, to name only a few, depict the anxiety of the educated, independent, middle-class Indian woman searching for a balance between her traditional role as daughter, wife and mother in a predominantly patriarchal society and her new-found sense of self-longing freedom and private space. Slowly becoming aware of the injustice heaped on them, women began to raise their voice in protest and this led to the birth of Women’s Liberation Movement in the early seventies. Elite women living in
MYTHOLOGY DEPRIVED IN INDIAN SOCIETY IN GITHA HARIHRAH’S “THE THOUSAND FACES OF NIGHT” ABSTRACT: In the thousand Faces of Night, Githa Haritharan shows how each female character suffers from her own traumatic humiliation guilt and alienation from her own body and processes which originate in menarche. Through these representations, she not only exposes how women are suppressed but also creates a narrative that challenges the ideology of women child, which is tacitly assumed to e celebrated only because it means future motherhood, and thus means nothing for barren women. Hariharan’s depiction of a bleeding community of women, but it is strategically powerful as an image of a communion in which women can share their painful or joyful experience and understand their bodies, a communion that allows women to be rebel against a repressive system and to build on their new empowerment. Devi the protagonist, struggle for her story or stories or stories in the process of cantering herself in order to act. Her story of selfhood formation is created through her dialogues with other women and mingles with their.
Divakaruni 's novel The Palace of Illusions, the re-telling of Vyasa’s The Mahabharata has uniqueness of its own.The Palace of Illusions is about women discrimination, their struggles, identity, male domination, unique female perspectives and position of women during the period of The Mahabharata. The humiliation that went through is given as the challenges of life.Draupadi’s life shows in the epic how women need to accept the concept of tradition and culture without any questions. The views of Draupadi are totally different from these of ordinary women and the outcomes
YEARNING OF A WOMAN FOR STRENGTH AND INDEPENDENCE IN RAJAM’S KRISHNAN’S LAMPS IN THE WHIRLPOOL Feminism is a set of movements aimed in achieving moral, social, economic and political rights and equal opportunities for women. The status of women in India has been subject to many great changes over the past few millennia. But in olden days women are victimized in such a manner. Women are still victims of social discrimination because of male chauvinism. They are still considered less equal to men.