Confucian ideas highlight the need to have a heir, thus the Emperor need to be sexually active, which explains the very large number of women in the inner court. However, according to Confucian ideals, the Emperor was not supposed to retain any pleasure from this encounters. therefore leading to a paradox hard to overcome by the Emperor and even harder to enforce by the outer court officials depute their moral concerns. Song women were also granted for the first time considerable legal rights. In fact, Song Dynasty is seen as a high point for women property point in China, further challenging Confucian traditional patrilinality.
Confucian views on women rulers were not positive, considering that they were strong believers in The Mandate of Heaven. The Mandate of Heaven was a way for the Chinese to basically a way explain the rise and fall of rulers and ruling families. How it was explained was that heaven granted a ruler a mandate to rule. Males usually ruled because they were believed to hold magic and essence, and the ruler was believed to hold the mandate that the gods supposedly gave to him. What made the ruler stand out from everyone else was that women and all other men did not possess this particular power.
Though some women were treated better than others, most of those women were from wealthy families or were relatives of emperors. Women who weren’t from noble families, which was majority of the population, were required to follow a set of strict, unfair rules and look a certain way. They hardly had any say in who they married, and they were forced to marry at a very young age. The Han women were neglected of their education, and in the situations where wealthy women could, their received a different education than men. They learned about how to be good mothers and wives instead of learning skills for jobs, which completely restricted them from outside job opportunities.
It is achieved through seeing them as another person, through seeing them as a whole person and not just as a lower gender. The most prominent ideas and similarity among Qing dynasty, Ming dynasty, and Tokugawa period is the mistreatment of women. They are deprived education and are thought of as lower beings. Most women are concubines and courtesans, are prostitutes, and are slaves to their husbands and sons. In the Qing dynasty, there were laws about women’s rights but these laws were practicaly useless.
At the opening of “White Tigers,” Kingston vividly describes the importance of storytelling to girls in the Chinese community. Kingston states, “When we Chinese girls listened to the adults talk-story, we learned that we failed if we grew up to be but wives or slaves. We could be heroines, swordswomen. Even if she had to rage across all China, a swordswoman got even with anybody who hurt her family. Perhaps women were once so dangerous that they had to have their
Throughout the ages women have been taught that your body is never perfect and that there is always something that is needed to be fixed. The poets use images of oppression on the female body to show the subjugation they faced as humans. For example, foot binding in China was used as a way for women to achieve social mobility and later economic wealth, thus suggesting that the only way a woman could have status was through her beauty (Foreman). Throughout the poem “Preoccupation” Qiu Jin uses images of foot binding as a way to enhance her struggles in fighting oppression through inhumane beauty standards. Qiu Jin states in her poem “Unbinding my feet I clean out a thousand years of poison” thus by taking the bindings off, Jin is expressing
Chi Li Slays the Serpent is a Chinese myth that identifies and illustrates the cultural status of females in ancient Chinese society, an Eastern Asian society that typically viewed women as more expendable than men. Chi Li, however, possesses and applies many heroic qualities that seems to contradict the social perspective and provides a turning point for females in a patriarchal society. It is important that Chi Li is a female because, had it not been for her gender, she would not have had the opportunity to volunteer herself to face off with the monstrous serpent. Being a female is also normally associated with fertility in literature and mythology, as females are the birth givers in society. Female fertility is relevant to the act of sacrifice.
Regardless of social class or wealth, rich or poor, women in the 1930’s China were always inferior to men. Women were treated more like objects and possessions rather than humans, when it came to marriage. Women had no say in almost anything, they couldn’t object or disapprove a marriage they were matched in, most were treated with little or no respect from their husbands, the ones that were treated with respect were a rare bunch. Even women from the highest class, had once been treated as mere servants to their needy husbands, only to do nothing but obey, in the name of honor, luck, wealth, and reputation for their families. It went the same for poor women, who had to consider it to be a blessing to be married to any kind of family, regardless of how abusive or unfaithful the husband was.
Feminism is always a controversial and important issue around the world. Women tend to speak out their voice and fight for their rights, but in the society gender differences appear everyday. People expect girls should be gentle and emotional, weak and powerless. Gender differences exist in every culture. For example in United State people tend to differentiate men and women by their physical characteristic, (Crossman) in ancient China, male have the absolute power in every aspects in the family.
Scarlet and Black” In the past, discrimination against women has been widespread and deeply rooted in China. For example: “foot-binding”, “Lack of talent in a woman is virtue”, and “male superiority to female”. These are the past men’s right society to women’s oppression and restraint. The film is adapted from Su Tong’s novel Wives and Concubines, the title of the film is called Raise the Red Lantern, which is obviously from the title we can see the impact of color. In inherit and spread the purport and style of the original work, and through Zhang’s unique visual effect and the massive historical culture, reflects the feudal family “polygamy” internal war, infighting life scene and the corresponding principle of live.
Women were one of the most oppressed groups in the Soviet and China. As described in Women, the state and Revolution, “Women’s oppression was rooted in motherhood” (Goldmen, 32). Being a mother at that time meant being confined to the house with the expectations of fulfilling household duties such as; making sure the house was in order, the children were taken care of, and the husband was satisfied. Women didn’t have much rights or any say at all making communism the glimmer of hope that women desired. China and the Soviet sought to bring equality to women that they didn’t have before.
Throughout Chinese history before the Tang and Song dynasties, the daily lives of women and issues from their perspective have not been adequately recorded, due to a male dominated society. However, from the Tang to the Song dynasty, visual and material sources appear which further explains the status of women in society, cultural values, but most importantly, examples of acts of courage, selflessness, and strength. The discussion of women starting with the Tang dynasty is especially important since this is the start of open-mindedness and liberal ideas resulting in women in politics, a woman as empress, and even freedom of expression through poetry and art. However, once shifting to the Song dynasty, the status of women declined further in
Before World War I, women were not seen as equals to men. Until only recently, women being treated like garbage was nothing out of the ordinary. Their only significance in society’s view was to have children, clean the house, and cook for the family. Women were rarely found living without a husband because they were thought to be unable to support themselves financially. These oppressing ideas were only tiny sparks to the flame women would unleash once World War I began.
In the mid-19th century the first batch of Chinese women entering the United States. During that period, Chinese women have been marginalized for a long time. They must not only resist racial discrimination from the white American society, but also resist China’s ancient feudal traditions. Because of the anti-Chinese mentality and legal provisions of the early Americans, the number of Chinese women who entered the United States were really small. Under gender discrimination and racial discrimination, these women had the same tragic fate.