The Feminist Movements For many hundreds of years, women had fought to gain social justice while seeking for a fair role in the society. Since the history had recorded, women had always been depicted as inferior race or even property; especially when comparing with the strong male, female was never consider as equal human being but a symbol of minority. With no voice and position, women were simply been excluded from the society and communication. They faced discrimination in work place, oppression under traditional image and even degradation in home. In general, women were destined to take care of all the domestic works while the men were responsible to work outside and support the whole family.
Although occupied few jobs for very low pay, women were still not considered a part of the work force and they did not have any formal workplace rights and usually faced discrimination and unfair treatment from the other gender. It was not until 1963 the Feminine Mystique was written and published by Betty Friedan which was claimed to start the women’s rights movement of the 1960s “The Feminine Mystique is remembered as the book that “started” the women 's movement and 1960s feminism in the United States.” In her book Friedan described her life as a typical housewife of the 1960s, she argued that women’s role was not just to be housewives and do housework, but instead they are a lot more important than that; she also called women to recognize their potential, to speak up and to aspire to work in professional jobs and become equal to men, “She also helped advance the women’s rights movement as one of the founders of the National
Olympe de Gouges can be considered as the pioneer feminism advocate. Her famous work “Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen” (DRWFC) in 1791 was highly controversial. Her work propagated to place women at the centre of politics and society alongside with men. This was highly contentious as women had been subservient to men for much of history. Her work was grounded in the Enlightenment ideas of thinkers such as Diderot, Voltaire, and Montesquieu who questioned the unequal treatment of women (Racz 1952, 151).
The Women’s Suffrage Movement I. Before the Women’s Suffrage Movement started, women didn’t have many rights. African-American women and slaves had less rights. They didn’t have legal protection; some didn’t even get the right to raise their own child. Other women had more rights, but not as many as men.
Olympe de Gouges wrote her Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen after the French Constitution, which was to address equal rights, completely obliterated women. But since late 18th century a lot has change. Even though there were some fighting for equality, feminism was barely nonexistent as women just started to think about their rights as individuals. And what fighting for equality meant at that time, it certainly has a different meaning in the 21st century.
Many women who were considered feminists in this era were also supporters of Jim Crow laws and believed that African Americans were part of society’s problems. Feminism throughout this time period was also exclusive to women of the middle-class because workingwomen and poor women did not have the luxury of technology and worked out of necessity rather than for autonomy. Another issue with this part of the movement was that once a woman had children, she was no longer considered worthy of the rights she had while she was unmarried and childless (Nolan, 370). The birth of the feminist movement in the progressive era paved the way for tackling complex women’s issues into the 1930s. Securing basic rights such as the right to work, vote, and participate in the public sphere were the essential goals of this generation.
This essay looks at the beginnings of feminism and the women who brought it through each of its successive stages. First as an idea, then as social action and campaigning, and finally as a movement that has touched the lives of women and men around the world. It will endeavor to examine its roots and calculate the reason that feminism has garnered such a strong argument both for and against itself and why it is more important than ever that society learns to accept feminism not just as a women’s rights movement but as an ongoing endeavor for human rights and equality between the sexes. The First Wave The first wave of feminism began in the nineteenth century and carried on till the early twentieth century. The focus of the first wave was to gain political power with the main objective of obtaining the right to vote.
Introduction Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie (2013), a Nigerian writer, defines a feminist as being someone who believes that the sexes should be equal when it comes to the social, political and economic spheres of life. Theorists point out that there have been three waves of feminism throughout history. (1) The first wave happened between the 1830s to the early 1900s. It was characterized by women fighting for equal contract and equal property rights. (2) Between the 1960s and the 1980s, the second wave of feminism concentrated on the roles of women at work and in the familial cell.
The Women’s Movement called out rape culture, and some of the stigma surrounding sexual assault, giving survivors the language and opportunity to label their sexual trauma. They also took active roles to fight against violence, end rape, and create safe spaces for women to learn and thrive. The Women’s Movement opened new educational opportunities, compelling colleges and universities to support women’s athletics, and opened up opportunities for women, ensuring equal access to the highest levels of education. They earned women the right to vote and ensured women’s rights as a component of our human rights. In conclusion, the women’s movement changed Canada’s identity by enforcing new laws, supporting the rights of women, and spreading the awareness of gender
Women Suffrage movement began more active after 1894. For example, “In New York City, Josephine Shaw Lowell and Mary Putnam Jacobi formed the Woman Municipal League." (Dubois, 189) This organization was primary focusing on the corruption of public. “By the early 1900s, moreover, the spirit of political reform in New York City spread beyond the elite.” (Dubois, 189) For instance, African American women also began their suffrage by forming the National Association of Colored Women in 1903. "…with links to the Democratic Party and the labor movement, A Women 's Henry George Society, and a female wing of William Randolph Hearst 's Independence League."