Week 8: How have feminist perspectives changed the way criminologists think about the causes of and responses to crime? Feminism is the belief than men and women should have equal rights and opportunities (White, Haines and Asquith, 2012). The feminist perspective is based on the notion that women are disadvantaged due to the structural position of men and women in society (White, Haines and Asquith, 2012). The feminist perspective argues that the justice system is bias towards men (White, Haines and Asquith, 2012). For many years, women have struggled with oppression and the fight for individual rights (White, Haines and Asquith, 2012).
Despite this, the lack of female representation caused empiricist feminists to simply view females as the absent subjects so their work aimed to insert women into the current practice to create comparable research (Hundleby, 2012, p. 28). Critics such as standpoint feminists therefore argue that adding women to current methodology was a flawed research proposal (Moore, 2008, p. 49). They state that central ideals remain androcentric and claim that feminist empiricism merely compares females to the stereotypical
I believe that the critical lens that provides modern society with the most compelling view of literature is Feminist Criticism because it analyzes distrust and disloyalty among relationships, women being treated as possessions and shows the representation of powerful women. Modern society would analyze literature using a feminist perspective because most literature analyzes the relationship between genders and the powerful influence and meaning it has to the readers life. Othello is a great play to analyze with many different types of literature criticisms, but Feminist Criticism analyzes the plot and the main characters situation most. It is still so common to see many of the points presented in the book till this day, men believing that they are stronger than women and treating them as inferior. Even so women are trying to make their voice be heard and demonstrating everyday the vital impact they have in society.
- The goals of feminism is to show the importance of women and to bring gender equity. It also reveals that historical women have been subordinate to men, which is the reason why there are still some patriarchal societies in the modern setting. - This literary piece is a great example of feminism. It shows how men and women are portrayed; how women have more in them than what meets the eye; and how genders treat and react to each other. BODY 1 (answer to question 1)
Donna Lancianese raises the point that identities intersect at the point of symbolism or the meanings associated with the identities. The symbols and meanings associated with the identities are ‘moderated and integrated’ (Lancianese.2014) by society and this is what essentially causes the conflict. (conflict in meaning and interpretation).Thus according to Shields(2008) intersectionality has changed the way in which, particularly feminist scholars, view and challenge ‘gender inequality’ as well as the meaning attached to membership of the groups as written by
During the video I found myself amazed on how she pointed out not only the feminist point of view, but covered that there are problems on both sides of the argument. Emma watson spoke at the United Nations about feminism and gender equality. During her speach he covered a varity of topics and shared her own experiances. The main point that caught my eye is how she stated that women arent the only ones affected by gender steryotypes. Men are also targeted when it comes to gender equality as men are subject to higher rates of suicide for struggling with the image that society wants them to portray.
The objective of this paper is to analyze small entities within two books by Bell Hooks, FEMINIST THEORY: From Margin to Center, and Feminism is for EVERYBODY along with numerous articles that focus on feminism, white privilege, women against feminism and understanding feminism. This paper will illuminate what it is to be a feminist and it will also emphasize the need for equality within a patriarchy. While allowing myself and others to gain knowledge of feminism and become open to accepting the fight against sexism, racism, and patriarchal thinking.
Contemporary feminism has undergone deep changes and has been extended in a variety of directions in miscellaneous fields of study engaging with psychology, Marxism, ethnic and cultural studies, post-structuralism, etc. The frustration of proliferation, according to Julie Rivkin and Michael Ryan in their introductory note to Feminism in the book Literary Theory: An Anthology (2002) can be construed as pains of progress necessary to be made if we want to transcend the borders of a circumscribed definition of woman as the subject of study in early feminism. The concept of female experience in a male-dominant world was first introduced as a resistence to the immutable and stabilized representation of women whose concerns have been treated peripheral
Mediums such as autobiographies, newsletters, magazines and storytelling were vital in creating the foundations for the developing recognition of women’s voices outside the spheres of literature. These publications played a crucial role in circulating feminist concepts and influencing society, a point supported by contemporary Michael Mack that the effect of “literature persuades us to cope with change.” A key publication was The Feminine Mystique, published in the 1960s by Betty Freidan, which explained how the domestic stereotype expected of women ultimately restricted their happiness and fulfilment. Despite modern criticisms of the books’ limitations from third wave feminists, the book was considered a critical turning point in the revival of second wave feminism. The Feminine Mystique sold millions of copies and became a bestselling nonfiction book. This indicates to us the large-scale influence that the book held on culture and society, the work provoking women into considering their selfhood and positions, even being referred to as “a catalyst for change" by modern day feminist Eleanor Smeal.
The theory focuses on explaining why women are oppressed and highlights ways states can be deconstructed to equally represent women nationally and internationally. First of all, it is essential to establish the understanding that Feminist theory is constructed from what is known as core international relations feminism, and the four-variant feminist international relations: liberal feminism, critical feminism, postcolonial feminism, and post-structural feminism, these theories branches off of the core theory. Each theory applies a different understanding to how feminism might be applied to certain fields and situations; like how feminism might be applied to an international situation like the Arab Spring. Therefore, understanding core feminist theory is essential to understanding feminism as a whole. As well, majority of the current international relation theories are masculine in nature, feminism is a political tool that struggles to free all women from the oppressive nature of patriarchy.
I do agree with her view that women are oppressed, but I do not agree that it is just women. I believe that men as a gender are also oppressed. Oppression can be defined as the systematic mistreatment of people within a social identity group. Frye uses a bird cage, to explain oppression, saying that one may not view the wires as harmful, but all together, they leave you imprisoned, sometimes without your knowledge. This means that, women may be oppressed without the understanding or realization of what is going on.
Within the United States’ culture, racist and sexist ideologies permeate the social structure and serve as norms to such an extreme degree that they become hegemonic and seen as natural, ordinary, and predestined. From corporate institutions, to religious institutions, to academic institutions, Black women have been slighted the opportunity to be seen as equals when it comes to their counterparts. Despite progress, sex and race bias present unique challenges to African-American women, especially within the academe. There has been an increasingly number of women participating in higher education (Brown-Glaude, 2010). And, unfortunately, acceptance of African-American women 's scholarship and fair compensation reflecting their contribution are