However, in postmodern fictions there is other attempting to define the concept of gender identity in light of the psychological perception. Carter’s postmodern feminist assumption emphasizes the role of the psychological aspects in forming individual’s gender identity. For example, in School of Sympathy (1948) Nancy Roberts defines identity as, “who we think we are who we tell our-selves we are or ought to be” (p. 19). She suggests that gender identity is a sense that we try to form. Nevertheless, she, in clarifying this definition, also highlights the impact of some norms, which can affect this feeling: “To some extent this identity is usually based on race, class, ethnicity gender and sexual orientation” (p. 19).
By creating a mindset that results in reduction of violence, thereby creating gender equality. So masculinity needs to be reconsidered
Instead they should look for the foundation for feminist amalgamation in collaboration building. Diverse movements labor to combat diverse kinds of tyranny; some movements take tyranny against women – as women – as an ordinary concern. If there is a foundation for collaboration between some subsets of these movements in a given context, then they can come to realization that foundation is an achievement, but it should not be taken lightly. Given a representation framework for considering the kinds of feminism, it should be more visible how philosophical shortcomings come about in working out the details of a feminist role. The most clear or straightforward philosophical commitment ought to be to a normative theory that articulates an account of fairness and/or a consideration of the good.
Nana is the silence that you cannot understand, just like the many complexities of African-American women that cannot be understood by many in the film industry, as well as in society. Nana, as well as the other female characters in the narrative, are more than stereotypical archetypes because they are multidimensional characters that represent the importance of intersectionality. Therefore, Nana and the Unborn Child, free from outside oppression, such as Hollywood’s expectations, are able to control the narration of their family’s journey freely; through their point of view, the realities of the African-American struggle is accurately shown and represented in an authentic way. As Jennifer Machiorlatti notes in Revisiting Julie Dash 's "Daughters of the Dust": Black Feminist Narrative and Diasporic Recollection, Nana and the Unborn Child narration allows for “those who have been neglected to marginality in cinematic history to move to the center to claim and own their representation, story, and myth. ” Daughters of the Dust representation of African American women is different from anything in Hollywood’s past.
Butler focuses repeatedly on the production of language. She analyses discourse using speech act theories and psychoanalysis. One of her most influential arguments originates from post-structuralist French philosopher Jacques Derrida on the use of language and iteration (repetition). Butler’ constructs her analysis on Derrida’s Iterability providing one of the most influential, controversial and complex concepts to understand the process of identity as a constructed one: performativity. This repetition is produced on the body as well as on the soul and it is influenced by gender bias,
We should contend that radical women 's liberation is a radical response to dehumanization, mortification, and brutality. This study looks to address the issue of woman 's rights and how characters ' subject to arrangement of mortification that prompts to a radical way to deal with pick up their opportunity. DeFonza. "Aunty Ifeoma and Beatrice: Diverging Paradigms of Postcolonial Feminism." n.d.,
In the short story “Battle Royal”, written by Ralph Ellison, the author addresses social issues facing black individuals concerning the inability to advance against the racial hierarchy. The author depicts the struggles of the unnamed black narrator’s efforts in advancing in a world that predominately favors the works of white individuals. Throughout the composition, the author’s use of vivid imagery and metaphoric reflections of the battle royal, recreates the disillusion of the realities of racism and how it ultimately affects the black consciousness. In contrast “Meaning of a Word”, written by Gloria Naylor details the definition of power and the different meanings that the usage of the racial slur “nigger” may have within different racial communities. She expresses that in some instances the word may be used as an appellation within the black community that expresses a sense of empowerment and freedom.
In her work Justice and Care: Essential Readings in Feminist Ethics, Carol Gilligan discusses her own theory regarding moral development and the role different parenting models play in it. According to Gilligan, the gender binary in our parenting styles has lead to two very distinctive models of decision-making; the ethics (morality) of care and the ethics (morality) of justice. The ethics of care stresses the wants, needs, and interests of particular people. The ethics of justice stresses justice, fairness, and rights (Tong, 2009, Pg. 154).
• To examine South Africa’s legal framework in terms of gender equality linked to cultural practices. • To make recommendations were it is necessary. Research questions • What are the harmful traditional and cultural practiced affecting women and children in South Africa? • Is there anything that can be done to eliminate these traditional practices affecting women and children? • How do cultural practices and rules have an effect on gender equality?