Objectification and Patriarchal Control in “Christina of Markyate” written by Anonymous Authors Like any other female during the beginning of the twelfth century, Christina of Markyate, formally known as Theodora, was considered to be inferior to the male sex. Women were expected to respect the wishes of their parents, oblige to marriage and live a life according to stereotypical heterosexual norms. However, given the strict expectations Christina was supposed to submit to, she dismissed traditional gender roles and continued to strive towards the goal of preserving her virginity and living the life of a nun. In the story “Christina of Markyate,” anonymous authors use examples of objectification and patriarchal control to portray Christina’s lack of freedom in a time period consumed with male dominance.
It values sexual attractiveness opposed to the importance of being a movement about the social, political and economic equality of the sexes (Goldman et al., 1991). Entrepreneurs through advertisements have in turn transformed and re-defined feminism into a “symbolic currency” (Goldman et al., 1991). Contemporary advertisements bombard our televisions and billboards still with half-naked women, but half naked women who promote magical lipsticks and high-heels promising to decrease your student loan, equal pay between you and your male colleagues and world peace. They construct a woman who symbolizes independence, ambition and individual freedom by attaching these ideals to the product their selling. “Give a girl the right shoes and she can conquer the world”, this quote by Marilyn Monroe is a prime example of commodity feminism, capitalizing on femininity to sell a pair of shoes, depoliticizing the movement by turning feminist social goals into individual lifestyles (Goldman et al., 1991).
Stating that in the 18th century, with the rise of the bourgeoisie, sexual activity as a pleasurable experience was frowned upon. Seen as a waste of energy, sex became privatized only to take place between husband and wife for the purpose of reproduction. This put sex under the discourse of marriage not to be spoken outside of that. In essence, the hypothesis is saying that power (the bourgeoisie) is exerted to keep sex a secret confined to the discourse of marriage. However, Foucault disagrees with hypothesis stating that power is exercised to bring sex into discourse.
Topic: Marriage in “Jane Eyre” In “Jane Eyre” Charlotte Brontë rejects the traditional role of women subdued by social conceptions and masculine authority by generating an identity to her female character. Thesis: Jane´s personality will bring into being a new kind of marriage based on equality, meanwhile her choice for romantic fulfilment will depend solely on her autonomy and self-government. Introduction Charlotte Brontë´s “Jane Eyre” stands as a model of genuine literature due to the fact that it breaks all conventions and stereotypes and goes beyond the boundaries of common romance in order to obtain love, identity and equality. 1.
Hannah Webster Foster formulates a tale that, on the surface, appears as a novel warning women against seduction, a common theme of the times. Marriage was seen as a necessity for women who desired financial stability and status, and being sexually seduced by a man would not provide a woman with these needs. Thus, the warnings against seduction and romanization of marriage were rampant. Upon further examination however, The Coquette has strong feminist undertones calling women towards the American ideal of freedom. This new nation claimed to be built upon the rock of freedom, while simultaneously oppressing women.
Sherman sought to force the public to question the seductive and often oppressive influence of mass-media over our individual and collective identities. Sexual desire and domination, the fashioning of self-identity as mass deception, these are among the unsettling subjects lying behind Sherman's extensive series of self-portraiture in various guises. Despite not aligning herself directly with feminism Sherman does conclude her work is, in fact, feminist. The work is what it is and hopefully, it's seen as feminist work or feminist-advised work, but I'm not going to go around espousing theoretical bullshit about feminist stuff. The portrayal of women is a central theme throughout Sherman's career and can still be seen in her more recent works.
As the feminist movement evolved, women began to question their traditional sexual roles. Feminists made it clear that single or not, women were all entitled to their sexual desires and freedoms. However for conservatives, this sexual revolution seemed to be an excuse for women to be promiscuous and an attack on the “foundation of American society”- family (American Experience, 2001). This clash of opinions amongst the two groups ultimately created a large debate over the pill. The Pill essentially became a convenient scapegoat for this so called sexual revolution among conservatives.
This distinction was first used to undermine the idea of "biology-as-destiny." But, if this distinction is pushed too far, then the idea of gender becomes disconnected from the body - and one never will understand the process of how sex and gender are socially assigned. Maybe sex is a gendered
Edna Pontellier was only seen as a “valuable piece of property which [had] suffered some damaged” to her husband Mr. Pontellier (BOOK). One can also see that “The Awakening” also focused on the sexual desires of women, identity, and self-discovery Edna, a character in “The Awakening” experienced her awakening by discovering her identity in her own self. “The Awakening” attempts to tell the story a woman who wants to find herself while lusting. Later, at the end of the story, one discovers that since Edna Pontellier could not fully find her peace, and freedom she ultimately decides to commit suicide. Through this “The Awakening” shows that although women were oppressed, they also had empowerment.
Every day, people are exposed to almost innumerable “injections of advertising” (Fairclough, 1989, p. 201). Advertisers incorporate numerous rhetorical devices to entice, bond with, and manipulate their target audience. Rhetoric can be defined as, “language designed to have a persuasive or impressive effect, but which is often regarded as lacking in sincerity or meaningful content” (“Rhetoric,” 2017, para. 2). Through persuasive language, simulated inclusivity and interaction, and subtle forms of deception and manipulation, advertising has become an effective tool to exert power over consumers.