Feminist Theory In Social Work

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INTRODUCTION The roots of feminism and feminist theory can be found in the 17th century” revoluntary bourgeois tradition that had equality of mankind as its highest goal”. Starting point for the emergence of the feminist theory is the work of Mary Wollstonecraft A vindication of the rights of women (1972).in the 21st century- Her conviction that the degree of the emancipation of women is related to the general progress and enlighten of society as a whole. The position of women in society has to be thought of in terms of the society as a whole. In the 20th century Simon de Beauvoir; the second sex looked at the issue with the social allocation of women in the household and passivity .In the 1970’s many books were published which argued that…show more content…
Robbins et al (2012) stated that feminist theory and social work have jointly focus on social economic justice, valuing the worth of all individuals and goals of social change and empowerment .however while social work is primarily concerned with a gender-neutral “person in the environment” perspective, feminist social work examines how women and men as gendered beings operate and are often controlled within a masculine environment. Susan P. Robbins et al (2012) continued stating that feminist theory enriches social work practice by asking and answering additional questions by recognizing the importance of gender as well as its intersections with race, class, sexual identity and ability in the distribution of economic and social rewards. Susan P. Robbins et al (2012) also stated that feminist theory incorporates a holistic view of the interrelations between resources, social, intellectual, and spiritual faces of human existence. Central to feminist thought is the idea that it is necessary to critique one’s social context and deconstruct its discriminatory aspects. RELEVANCE OF FEMINIST THEORY FOR SOCIAL WORK PRACTICE IN BOTSWANA AND AFRICAN…show more content…
The African countries have a patriarchy system which is male domination and it rooted in culture. Men have more power over women which gives birth to issues of oppression, violence ,abuse and inequalities .Social workers addresses these issues through different interventions such as group work ,advocacy, empowerment of women and the girl child and educating the girl child from the roots. For example in Tswana culture men are head of families, they make decisions without the consent of women. African feminist advocates for the rights of women and equality between men and women. According to Khumalo et al (2002) In Zimbabwe they are payment of lobala, arranged marriages and levirate marriages in the Shona culture so the male assumes dominancy. In cases where the lobola was set at a high price as this can lead to abuse if the wife fails to be obedient to her husband even though she was ‘paid for’. As a result, lobola, which is part of the patriarchal nature of our society breeds inequality and widens the gap between men and women, thereby placing women in a

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