7. In this experiment, if the sucrose concentration were increased to 70 g/l would you expect sucrase activity to be significantly higher than the activity at 35 g/l. Explain your answer. No, because based on the results once it reached 30 g/l 35 g/l the results had stayed the same. There, the activity is lessening and coming to what looks like a plateau.
In this experiment, 293 mg of aldehyde was weighted for method 1 instead of 250 mg and. Although .7906 mg of phosphonium salt was added, this probably was not enough to complete the reaction. The only significant change throughout method was 1 was that the yellowish mixture became slightly lighter. However, it was found that after vacuum filtration, there was some white and yellow
During one experiment the results were, they found out that the higher the temperature of the water the faster the molecules will move and the lower the temperature the slower the molecules move. The molecules are what are make the alka-seltzer dissolve. So if they move slower the alka-seltzer dissolves slower, same as if the molecules move faster than the alka-seltzer will dissolve faster. Also according to a state science fair the results were that it took 19.53 seconds for the alka-seltzer to dissolve in hot water, 36.15 seconds for the alka-seltzer to dissolve in the warm water, and 96.17 seconds (1 minute and 36.17 seconds) for the alka-seltzer to dissolve in cold water. The alka-seltzer dropped in the cold water proved to dissolve the
Substrate concentration basically means the amount used for the substrate. The substrate in our experiment was 0.1% hydrogen peroxide. The 0.1% is the concentration amount. Just like temperature and pH, substrate concentration can speed the reaction only up to a certain limit. When we mixed pH 3 enzyme tube with substrate tube, we used 0.3 mL of hydrogen peroxide, but if we were to increase the amount, then the experiment would have been faster.
Hydrated Lime The results show that hydrated lime increased the intermediate temperature stiffness of the PG 64 - 22 binder. Hydrated lime showed to improve the fatigue properties of the aged binder. It could decrease the fatigue parameter by 23% which is a desired result when cracking due to aging is a concern. The mixing was done at three percentages: 1%, 2%, 3% . The lowest aging index was found to be at 2% by weight of the binder.
CH4 traps the suns heat around 20 times more than CO2 (one website says 100 times more in every five years while another says it’s 100 times more per year so I wasn’t sure which one to go with). Although most of the carbon that’s released will be CO2, since methane is so good at trapping heat it’s been foretold “that it would trap about as much heat as the carbon dioxide would.” This means that rather than trying to just increase the amount of carbon dioxide in the air we should also, perhaps even more so, cut down on methane emissions. 7) There are two calculations. Due to certain activities that emit carbon it’s been estimated that the melting permafrost roughly equals 15% of those emissions. However that estimate was an understatement.
By leaving the acid and olefin in contact with no isobutane, polymerization occurred which increased acid consumption. After the shutdown, processing off-spec material also contributed to an increased acid consumption (see Figure 2, pg.4). Because of long residence times between the contactors and settlers, it will take time for the acid consumption to reduce to pre-shutdown levels. Acid spend strength has been higher than required for this period (see Figure 4, pg.5). Process Support recommends lowering the amount of fresh acid consumed to get closer to the spend target.
Effect of temperature on the reaction between the catalase and H2O2 Figure 1 shows that the optimum temperature for catalase to catalyze hydrogen peroxide is around room temperature (30℃) as it has a very fast reaction rate. The overall trend is that temperatures different from 30℃, will make the reaction rate decrease. Discussion This experiment supported the hypothesis, since catalase was the most effective with hydrogen peroxide when it was in an environment with a temperature of 30℃. It was expected that an extreme temperature would decrease the rate of reaction and results observed support that idea. With reference to figure 1, the peak performance of catalase was at 30℃, which was the closest to its usual environment of body temperature at 37℃ (Buddies, 2012).
I concluded that as pH increases, the enzyme’s rate of reaction increases as well. For example, this is illustrated in the data by the fact that the liver at pH 9 released over 1000 more mL of oxygen than the liver at pH level 1. This also aligns with my expected results, because I predicted that pH would cause rate of reaction to increase. The rate of reaction increases along a curve, suggesting rate of reaction increases faster than pH increases. Also, the data shows that there is a very large difference between the amounts of oxygen released by the varying pHs, even though the difference in pH is not so great.
The effectiveness was based on the color scale. The color scale was based on amount of oxygen produced by the chemical reaction.The chemical guaiacol was used during the experiment to easily see the speed of the chemical reaction because guaiacol turns brown in the presence of oxygen. On average the pH 8 had a color level of 6.17 more at the 5 minute check than pH 3. This is because the acidic pH 3 denatured the enzyme and it was not able to bind with the substrate to produce oxygen therefore there was less of it. Another factor that can affect the chemical reaction is temperature.
As a result, the C value dropped from 1.2 to 0.3 using carbon working electrode plate. Since, the absorbance and the c value had been raised, the sensitivity of the assay compared to ELISA was expected to decrease. However, by measuring the precision profile of 0.0125 µg/ mL Antibody concentration and the conjugate of dilution (1:15,000), the LOD of 14 ng/L using electrochemical detection was obtained compared to 10 ng/L using
The titrations were all a bit different and that was because they all contained different liquids. The first titration, acid into water, showed a noticeable drop in ph after approximately 5.5 mL of acid was added and was consisted in showing low numbers. This determined that the first hypothesis, stating that the pH would go up when acid was added into water, was false. Dissimilarly to the second titration, base into water, the pH showed a noticeable increase after around 10 mL of base was added and once again, remained consistently high in pH. The third titration, acid into liver homogenate, the pH decreased a bit at 8 mL of acid, but remained fairly consistent at 12 mL.
This was because the lower the elements are down a group, the larger the size of its atomic radii. This makes it easier for the electron to be released to react with hydrogen gas either in water or in hydrochloric acid. Magnesium reacts with oxygen resulting in a bright white flame and produced magnesium oxide. After the combustion was completed, magnesium oxide was placed into the beaker containing water and the pH level of the solution was neutral. It could produce a basic solution if the oxide layer of the magnesium ribbon was cleaned completely, to ensure that it does not hinder the reaction between magnesium and
The beginning reaction that occurred at the pH level of 1 shows that the mean reaction rate was incredibly low, at 2 mL/minute. This then increased by 57 units once it reached its peak productivity of 59 mL/minute observed at pH 8. pH levels 6, 7, and 8 only varied between 1 and 2 mL/minute, which demonstrated similar rates of reaction. At pH 10, the reaction rate decreased considerably as it declined by 58 mL/minute, and maintained that productivity at pH 12. The scatter graph included in the results section further solidify and visually represent these observations. The reaction rate of the catalase exposed to pH 1 is barely conceivable on the diagram as its average rate of reaction was 2 mL/minute.
The acid region is the curve on the left of the graph, whereas the base region is on the left. When HCl was added to both buffer, the pH of the buffer decrease. Ideally, the designed buffer can maintain the pH at 1 units: in this case between 3 to 5. Once the pH surpassed these change, the change in volume and pH will be drastic. As seen in the trend of both buffer, once the pH is lower than 3, the slope of dv/dpH increase drastically, showing the decreasing effects of the buffer.