Having this segregation caused fights, disagreements, and more cases brought into court because if race, but it was the start of a new world. The case of Plessy versus Ferguson started around the 1890s when the Separate Car Act statute was passed in Louisiana. This act stated that any companies carrying people in Louisiana must have separate but equal areas for the whites and blacks. Homer Plessy, in 1992, was one-eight black and purchased a ticket for first class and, sat in the white only area. He was then arrested for violating the new Separate Car Act and was taken to jail.
Born in Maryland, Thurgood Marshall was another activist for civil rights. He went to an all-black law school, after being denied entry into the University of Maryland Law School. He would later take the school to court, and win, for violating the 14th Amendment. He went on to handle many landmark cases, as the primary attorney for the NAACP. One of the history making cases was the previous decision on the Plessy v. Ferguson case, convincing the Supreme Court to overturn the original ruling.
Eight of the nine boys were sentenced to death even after medical evidence had proved that they had not raped the women on the train. The case was then appealed and retried for the Alabama Supreme Court. This trial resulted in seven of the eight boys being convicted again with one boy being let off because he was younger. This trial, Powell v. Alabama, shaped the way juries are selected since the Scottsboro Boys had originally been given a biased jury. The case was then sent back down to lower courts in Alabama to go on trial again.
The ship was captured and the slaves were taken to jail, meanwhile the trail started. Queen Isabella 2 of Spain and William S. Holabird were debating about who will keep the slaves, while Roger Baldwin and Theodore Joadson defended the case. First they proved that they were Africans, not Cuban. Then with the help of a translator, they comunicated with Cinqué, the chief of the Mende. They won the first Trail and the slaves were supposed to return to Africa, but Martin Van Buren, the United States President, thought that this case would cause the civil war and he asked nine judges from all America to judge the case in the Highest court.
Ever wondered how the Civil Rights Movement came into play? Many Supreme Court cases have influenced the Civil Rights movement by making equal and unequal laws for the blacks making people fight harder for what they believed in. Cases like the Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857) case, the Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) case, and the Brown v. Board of Education (1954) case. All three of these cases played a big role in influencing the Civil Rights movement. In the Dred Scott v. Sandford case in 1957, a black man named Dred Scott who at the time was living in Illinois and previously in free territory of Wisconsin before moving back to the slave state of Missouri, had gone against the government and appealed to the Supreme Court hoping he would get the grant of freedom.
After being separated from his mother at a young age, Frederick Douglass fights back against slavery and human rights. In Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave, the author, Frederick Douglass, uses powerful rhetoric to disprove the Pragmatic and the Scientific pro-slavery arguments of Pre-Civil War America. The Pragmatic Argument is about how many people believe that if all black slaves were to be freed, then this would result in convulsions which would then lead to extermination of the one or other race. Many people also believed that black slavery was necessary for American history. Douglass disproves this argument in many ways.
The 1950’s was greatly known as an “era of great conflict”, because of the civil rights movement for the African American race. A group of African Americans united and began to fight for their value. They acknowledged that something needed to be done to preserve their culture and privileges. African Americans experienced gruesome judgment during the reconstruction period that eventually drove them to their maximum limit and fostered them to fight back.
73 year old Alvin Moore was represented Miranda in his trial. They lose first instance, In July 1963, Ernesto Miranda was finally sentenced to 20 to 30 years in prison for the kidnapping and rape of Lois Ann Jamesonthe. In every state in America, there is at last one higher court to which a person can appeal his conviction. In Arizona, in 1963, there was only one level of appeal, the Arizona Supreme Court, Moore appeal the case , Alvin Moore pointed out that police had not observed proper procedure in their arrest and interrogation of Miranda. Moore was convinced that the police had used Miranda’s ignorance of his rights to their advantage and that they had manipulated him into witnessing against himself ,Moore and Miranda also lose this court ,because One of the key procedures of an appellate court is to review earlier court cases to see how those cases might relate to the case under review .this cases was : Escobedo v. Illinois (1964) and Gideon v. Wainwright (1963), they involved some similar
Racial inequality has plagued our society for centuries and has been described as a “black eye” on American history. It wasn’t until the passing of The Civil Rights Act of 1965 that minorities were given equal protection under the law. This was a crucial step on our society’s road to reconciling this injustice. However, the effects of past racial inequality are still visible to this day, and our society still wrestles with how to solve this issue. In 1965, President Lyndon B Johnson said: “You do not take a person who, for years, has been hobbled by chains and liberate him, bring him up to the starting line of a race and then say you are free to compete with all the others, and still just believe that you have been completely fair.
All through history minority have been fighting for their rights, rights that should be given to all but were not because of discrimination and hatred. Right that the majority had and the back than the minority wished they had.Rights like the right to an education, equality and freedom and many rights that were not given to any minority. The African American community was one of the many minority groups that were fighting for their freedom to be someone important. Many wonder how a minority group like the African American community were able to achieve their goals with all the hate that they were presented with. Starting with an force immigration that made them become slaves, to having to fight to be free from slavery and now having to fight for their rights of equality.