We then used a small mortar and pestle to crush the aspirin and we placed the resulting powder into a conical flask, we crushed the aspirin tablets so that I would be easy to mix with the ethanol. We then added 5ml of ethanol using a measuring cylinder and covered the flask with a watch glass, we did this to avoid evaporation. We then gently heated the mixture over a water bath of around 60-70°C and swirled frequently, we did this so that it would dissolve the acetylsalicylic acid. We then filtered off the hot solution to remove any insoluble material in another small conical flask, we rinsed the flask with a few ml’s of chilled ethanol to collect any residue that was left on the flask. We then slowly added 25ml of chilled deionised water to the filtrate to initiate crystallization by using a measuring cylinder and a dropping pipette, once we had done this we left it for about 10 minutes to allow crystallization at room temperature.
The last step was the formation of Cu(s). This step recovered Solid elemental copper. Al(s) wire was placed in the solution from the last step and 5 drops of HCl along with a stir bar was added to the beaker and this was stirred on the hot plate. Cu(s) precipitate formed on the wire and the solution turned from clear to cloudy until it eventually become a brownish red color. When the reaction was complete the Al(s) wire was scraped with the stirring rod to get off any residual Copper product.
We were given that a good solvent for recrystalizing trimyristin was acetone. Acetone was heated on a steam bath and added to the crude trimyristin to completely dissolve it. The solution was immediately cooled so that the trimyristin crystals formed in a mother liquor of impurities. The crystals vacuum filtered through a Büchner funnel and rinsed with ice cold acetone so only the impurities dissolved and pure crystals were left in the funnel. To finish, we dried the pure trimyristin crystals using a high vacuum pump, and 0.1470g remained with a 3.674% recovery from nutmeg, and a 15.186% recovery from crude
Once 3-4 readings for the solution were collected, the 2M NaOH was added to the solution. The lid was quickly replaced in order to prevent heat from escaping and not being recorded by the temperature probe. The cup was swirled until the temperature reached a peak and began decreasing. After the 180s had passed, data collection ended. The solution was discarded into the waste bin, and the materials were washed.
Hence, a calcium chloride and cotton were filled inside a drying tube. The condenser was wrapped with parafilm and a paper towel to avoid moistures from entering. The reagent will act as nucleophilic addition to acetone and work up with hydrochloride acid to synthesize 2-methylhexanol. Throughout this process, the solution turns dark grey and develop white precipitates. This step indicate that Grignard reagent was generated, and the extra white precipitates were magnesium.
Discussion: 1. The Diels alder reaction has to be heated slowly to 60-70 degrees Celsius because if it is heated too quickly and the temperature gets too high the 2,3-dimethyl-1,3-butadiene will boil. A round bottom flask was attached to a water condenser to prevent any product from boiling and evaporating out during the heating process. For the hydrolysis part of the experiment the temperature needed to be 60-80 degrees Celsius to melt the cyclic anhydride but also prevent the reaction from boiling and losing product from evaporation. Lastly the final product crystals were not washed with hot water because it would have melted the crystal thus cold water was used.
Water will act as initial solvent for caffeine extraction. This is due to water that slowly soluble with caffeine at ambient temperature but highly soluble when temperature is at 100°C. Then, methylene chloride is chosen as the extraction solvent, due to its miscibility with caffeine and immiscibility with water. As mentioned above, the immiscible pair is chose for the extraction part because to allow the aqueous and organic layers to be separated. Basically, the bottom layer is the aqueous layer while the upper layer is the organic compound.
Ensure that solid is completely dissolved using a stirring rod. Next, a 10 mL beaker is filled with 3 mL of HCl and measure 10 mL of ionized water into a 140 mL beaker. Carefully turn on laboratory burner and start cleaning the Nichrome wire by dipping it into concentrated HCl acid. Hold the Nichrome wire on top of the flame and repeat the step until the wire doesn 't show any color. When the wire is clean, dip the wire again with some of the acid and dip it into the solution with the unknown compound in it.
After sitting , the CuO was decanted twice, and H2SO4 was added. Zinc was then added to the solution to reduce Cu2+ back to its original form, and any excess Zinc was decanted. The liquid was decanted and the solid was washed with H2O to wash away any acid, and the solid was
A stir bar was also added to the solution. The glass stirring rod from previous steps was used to remove pieces of Cu that formed on the Al wire, so that more Al surface would be exposed. A steam bath was prepared with 50 mL of deionized water, the glass rod was used to remove as much copper from the aluminum wire as possible, and the Al wire was then disposed of in the solid waste container. The mass of an evaporating dish was recorded, and the Cu was transferred on to the evaporating dish. Water was removed from the dish, and the Cu was then washed thrice with 5 mL deionized water, and decanted between washings.