This act of defiance against the church sparked the spread of protestantism. The Lutheran Church, led by Luther, was the first separated church. But even with this new church, reformers wanted to see change, causing more breakouts throughout Germany and Switzerland between 1520-1540 (p. 335). One influential new church was made by King Henry VIII of England. He wanted to divorce his wife, Catherine, because she hadn’t produced a male child and he wanted to divorce her to marry Anne Boleyn.
Roles and social classes are important in both Julius Caesar and The Taming of the Shrew, because in each story both families come from a wealthier social class. In the movie of Julius Caesar when Julius went to defeat Gaul he payed Pompey for soldiers; this was not cheap. Thus, Julius was able to do this because of his social class. Similarly, in The Taming of the Shrew, Petruchio wanted to marry a woman (Katherine) who came from a family with money. Petruchio received news that Katherine, the daughter of Baptiste, was due to be married, and she came from a wealthy family.
Her father wanted a male heir so he sought out to divorced Cathrine when Mary was eleven because he was afraid that if he had no male heir and he let Mary become Queen a civil war would start. In order to obtain the divorce King Henry created his own religion: The Church of England. The divorce cause Mary to resent the Church of England and didn’t accept the fact that her parents divorced. After the divorce King Henry VIII married Anne and Mary was declared illegitimate and was to no longer be called "princess",
Later in the year Henry’s marriage with Catherine was revoked and he got secretly married to Anne by the new Archbishop Thomas Cranmer. Point 1 - religious reformation: why was he significant? King Henry is renowned for the religious reformation. King Henry split from the Catholic church in 1534 because of the dispute he had with the pope, who wouldn’t allow henry to get divorced. Henry’s decision to split from the Catholic church was a very significant part of ancient history.
The Protestants were uprising against Mary. If Elizabeth, as a Catholic, supported Mary, Elizabeth would be considered an illegal child in the eyes of the church, but Elizabeth did not want to go against her half-sister. Even worse! After Mary got married, she imprisoned Elizabeth because she thought Elizabeth was plotting against her. After Mary Tudor died, Elizabeth became the ruler of England.
The Protestant Reformation began in the 16th Century with Martin Luther. Before this, almost the entire population of Europe were Roman Catholic. Luther was studying to become a lawyer when he chose to become a monk instead. He did not like the corruption he saw in the church, especially the selling of indulgences. Because of this, he wrote the Thirty-Five Theses and nailed it to the churches door.
In view of this, Henry VIII was so determined to get his way that “he started a church of his own. He got his divorce and stayed on the throne” (Hung). In addition to the fall of Queen Catherine, others were punished for dishonoring the king’s commands. This included, the king’s Minister, Cardinal Wolsey, who “failed to get the divorce from Rome” (David 420 ). Evidently, Henry VIII was willing to do anything it took to get rid of people who dissatisfied him.
During the Elizabethan Era, the rulers had a strong impact on the people’s religious beliefs, as opposed to today, we have religious freedom. The most widely practiced religion was the Church of England (also referred to as the New Religion or the Established Church) which was the established state religion decided by the queen. The New Religion was a sort of settlement between the two religions of Catholicism and Protestantism. Queen Elizabeth I was the leader of the Church of England. When Queen Elizabeth was excommunicated from the Catholic Church, she decided that anyone who didn't agree with her beliefs could be considered a traitor and would be executed.
Living in such an enormous empire had its benefits. As a Roman, you had education, culture and the protection of the largest military empire on your side. Living in this Empire also had some notable drawbacks. The empire had extreme poverty rates, threats of being in a constant state of war, and the government could impose huge tax burdens on the people. The residents of Rome thought that affordable education was a necessity.
(p.215) Years later, Western Europe became very prosperous, and this prosperity promoted political change, influenced by structures established in more unstable times. (p.219) Feudal relationships usually linked wealthy people, such as landowners, who would afford the tools necessary to fight. These greater lords, provided protection and aid to lesser lords, called vassals; vassals in turn owned them payment or military service. Charlemagne’s empire encouraged this version of
Philip II had been contemplating an invasion on England, however, due to Spain’s financial situation, the ability of taking on such an operation made the King reluctant. After the execution of the Roman Catholic, Mary Queen of Scots, he wanted to seek revenge. Being married to Mary Tudor and equally like her wishing to see England return to Roman Catholicism, Philip was determined, as well as being backed by a country which was known as the strongest Catholic nation in Europe. Many factors influenced his decision; however, in 1585 Elizabeth contributed to his decision to attack. This was through Elizabeth helping the Protestants in the Netherlands when they revolted against their Spanish overlords led by the Duke of Parma.
The Americans started to partner themselves with the work of Europe bosses through employing subjects and styles of European. It established the honesty of Americans that live in European art for the previous way of life. Other images that introduce gilded age art for an impression of the public are the increasing interest in large society demonstration. The well off Americans class was increasing, and learned that asking for large society demonstrations was a good way to spend their immense riches. The third image was an extended interest of Americans going to outlandish societies and to the outside nations.
Charles then appointed two catholic ministers to the Cabal, this issue was clearly one which could have been avoided had Charles been more shrewd. Charles did little to address the role of parliament and did nothing to solve the problems that had to led to war. The fears of Catholicism were reignited when James II took the throne; he was a political liability from the offset announcing he was a catholic, this lack of political awareness allowed him to be the brunt of suspicion. Consequently he was later removed from the throne as he posed a threat to the Protestant religion and the rule of law. James’ personality alienated the political nation; to such an extent that it was not divided over opinion, but completely rejected him.