The Crusades involved not only knights and warriors, but also commoners of both genders. Helping the Byzantine emperor Alexios meant protecting the citizens of Constantinople from falling under Muslim rule. Jihad, often thought of as a synonym for terrorism - recurrently thought of as acting in the name of Allah, means an internal moral struggle. Like a Jihad, the Crusades were postulant expeditions in the name of God, to protect the Holy Land from the Arab Muslims. Later on, the Crusades became a substantial excuse for Christians to fight anyone who was supposedly a threat for their religion.
The rapid growth and establishment of an Islamic empire started in the seventh century and has continued to exist in todays world. The swiftness of the Arab conquests led to an establishment of an Islamic empire that has lasted to present times because the diminishing power of the Roman Empire led to a Western European cultural deterioration and a declining influence of Christianity. The establishment and growth of the Islamic empire will be illustrated in this paper, along with an explanation of what happened to the Islamic influence in Hispania, now modern-day Spain. The establishment of an Islamic state began with the Prophet Muhammad leading a group of Muslims on a migration from Mecca to a northern rural settlement, now referred to as Madina. Before the death of the Prophet Muhammad in 632, Muhammad converted most of the Arabian tribes to Islam, and Mecca became the new Islamic state’s capital.
They were not any kind of legal systems to make one legitimate power for whole Arabic communities which Islamic rules will do subsequently (Kennedy, H (1986) “the Prophet and age of caliphates, page 15-22)” Till the Islamic state Arab peninsula not completely had been manipulated different empires such as ancient Roman (27BC-467AD), Byzantine, and Sassanid empires which delivered their cultures to these Arabic tribes. For examples, archeologist found several antic roman city
Sir Thomas Roe, an English diplomat and ambassador to Constantinople once said "The Ottoman Empire has the body of a sick old man, who tried to appear healthy, although his end was near." Definitely, the Ottoman Empire wouldn't stay strong and young forever. Due its fast and rapid success in expanding, having a strong court system, and having an efficient system of taxation, other great powers in Europe felt threatened. After all, if the empire was expanding and gaining much power quickly, it would be unexceptional for it to invade one of these great powers. Europe sensed the Ottoman jeopardy, so countries such as Britain, France, and Italy allied and plans were made to ensure the fall of the Ottoman Empire.
It is evident that Babur did not have any religious ambitions in establishing the Mughal Empire. However, the Ottoman had clear motivations to create an Islamic Empire with heavy religious inspirations. Once the Ottoman had begun to control Anatolia and the Balkans, they looked towards Constantinople. They knew that they would be able to greatly expand the empire once they captured the city. By 1453 the Ottomans finally captured the city under Mehmed II’s rule.
In the Why Islam Spread So Quickly reading it states, “...A series of ghazu raids against the non-muslims communities in the neighboring countries. The unity of the ummah would be preserved by an outwardly directed offensive [attack].” This relates to the spread of Islam because Muslims use a strategy of raids against non-muslims that would preserve the unity of the ummah. Lastly conquest and war guided Islam to a large population with the help of the Byzantine and Persian Empire.
The Byzantines had a major impact on Christianity. " The Byzantines withstood years of siege by the Arabs hitherto considered irresistible, and in doing so … saved Western Civilization." (A Short History of Byzantium, Document A). There were early attacks on Constantinople that the Byzantines were able to hold off.
The First Crusade resulted in the Roman Catholic Church retaking Jerusalem. The Second Crusade was started as a response of the County of Edessa, a state made by the First Crusade, falling by the forces of the Islamic leader Zengi. This Crusade was created by Pope
Introduction: Provide background information on the Crusades, restate the DBQ question, state thesis with reasons. (include academic vocabulary and underline) The results of the Crusades was probably more negative than positive. In “Doc 4”, It states that “Moreover, the assault of one Christian people on another, when one of the goals of the Fourth Crusade was reunion of Greek and Latin churches, made the split between the Greek and Latin churches permanent.” The Crusades had a lot of hatred to the religions, and by 1204 the Crusaders had lost some of their appeal because the knights agreed to attack the Byzantine Capital instead.
The Crusades were a series of revolutionary movements that started in the 11th century between Christians and Muslims. The Crusades marked the first time when many believers left their homes and their lives to carry their religious and cultural beliefs to other parts of the world. The Crusades involved a combination of religious interests and military enterprises. The Christian Europeans were eager to conquer the Holy Land of Jerusalem. The purpose of the Crusades was to take control of Jerusalem away from the Muslims.
From the founding of the empire, the rulers claimed to be a descendant of Ali, one of the first caliphs of Islam. Compared to the Ottoman empire, this empire was extremely religious. The Safavid rulers made their religion, Shiism, a required religion in the empire. Abbas, a ruler of the Safavid empire, slowly pressured each non-Muslim community to change to the religion of Islam. After this conversion, all non-Muslim buildings, books, and other religious items, were taken from the communities.
In this manner, the Europeans formed the Crusaders against the Turks and Muslims to retake the places known as holly and spread Christianity and European culture all over the world because “the twin legacies of early medieval missionary activity before the year 1000 and of monastic reform in the eleventh and twelfth centuries provided the conditions for translating ideology into practice.” In this manner, the religious missions focused on influencing on other peoples’ faith to convert them into Christianity. Other controversial thing was about the understating of the diversity, and this understanding did not happen as it was supposed to be because an understanding of the diversity would help states to live longer. And understanding of the diversity of the multiculturalism is to respect to other ethnic and religious groups, so the idea of Europe was against this concept, too. Another controversial thing was the Islamic belief of Jihad.
The Crusades were a series of religious wars fought from 1095 to 1487. The first of the crusades began in 1095 when the Emperor of the Byzantine Empire, Alexios I, sent someone to request Pope Urban II to assist them with military support against the Turks. Pope Urban II quickly asked Catholic soldiers to join the first crusade. The first goal was to give the pilgrims access to areas in the Holy Land that Muslims were controlling. A more long-term goal would be to have the Eastern and Western parts of Christendom reunite.
The Spread of Islam Muhammad ibn Abdalah (founder of Islam) was a frequent visitor to a cave nearby Mount Hira. He used his time at this cave to pray, and get away from the scramble for money and wealth he felt was causing his people to lose their way. According to Muhammad’s words in the Qur’an, on one particular visit to the cave, the archangel Gabriel caused words to flow from his mouth. The words concluded with, Allah is the one true God. Two years after receiving Allah’s words, he decided that it was finally time to teach these words to the public.
Before it’s established why Charlemagne was crowned Holy Roman Empire, it is necessary to understand the position the Romans were in as well as Charlemagne’s past and current (at the time) accomplishments. There were 2 parts of the Roman Empire: The Eastern Empire and The Western Empire. The Eastern Empire was run by the Byzantines. The Western Roman, mostly run by the Romans but they were being invaded left and right, so they were disintegrating. The idea of the Roman Empire was there, but the government running it was falling apart.